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Previous daf Nedarim 84
1) [line 9] MA'ASER ANI
(a) After a crop is harvested and brought to the owner's house or yard, he
must separate Terumah from the crop and give it to a Kohen. Although the
Torah does not specify the amount to be given, the Rabanan set the
requirement at one fiftieth of the total crop.
(b) After Terumah is removed from the produce, the first tithe to be given
every year is called Ma'aser Rishon; one tenth of the produce must be given
to a Levi.
(c) A second tithe is given every year after Ma'aser Rishon has been
separated. The tithe that is separated in the third and sixth years of the
7-year Shemitah cycle is called *Ma'aser Ani* and is given to the poor.
(d) The tithe that is separated during the first, second, fourth and fifth
years is called *Ma'aser Sheni*. The Torah requires that Ma'aser Sheni be
brought and eaten by its owner in Yerushalayim.
(e) Alternatively, Ma'aser Sheni produce may be redeemed, in which case the
money used to redeem it is brought to Yerushalayim. If the owner himself
redeems the produce, he must add an additional *fifth* (of the ensuing
total, or a *quarter* of the original value). The food that is bought with
this money in Yerushalayim becomes Kodesh like Ma'aser Sheni and must be
eaten b'Taharah. Ma'aser Sheni that was redeemed by anyone besides the owner
is exempt from the additional fifth.
2) [last line] DEMAI
(a) Produce bought from an Am ha'Aretz (an unlearned Jew who is lax in his
Torah-observance; see Berachos 47b) is referred to as Demai ("Da Mai?" --
"what is this?").
(b) Terumas Ma'aser and Ma'aser Sheni must be separated from this produce
since a minority of Amei ha'Aretz cannot be trusted to have separated them
before selling the produce. Terumah Gedolah, however, because of its
stringency is presumed to have been separated. Ma'aser Rishon and Ma'aser
Ani are separated from the produce, but they are eaten by the owner and not
given to the Levi or the Ani (in keeping with the principle "ha'Motzi
me'Chaveiro Alav ha'Re'ayah").
3) [line 3] TOVAS HANA'AH
(a) The words "Tovas Hana'ah" denote the trivial benefit (in terms of
pleasure or compensation) that a person receives in return for giving away
an object or goods to which he has only very limited rights.
(b) A common example of this is selecting a particular individual to be the
recipient of a gift that he is obligated to bestow to others. For example,
Terumah must be given to a Kohen, and Ma'aser to a Levi. The Tovas Hana'ah
of a Yisrael who separates Terumah or Ma'aser from his produce is the right
to give the Terumah or Ma'aser to the Kohen or Levi of his choice.
(c) Another example is selling an object to which one will not have full
rights until a later date, or to which one may never gain full rights. For
example, a woman only receives a Kesuvah from her husband if the husband
dies before her or divorces her. She may sell her rights to collect the
Kesuvah for Tovas Hana'ah. Since the possibility exists the she will die
before her husband and the purchaser will not receive the Kesuvah, the Tovas
Hana'ah of the Kesuvah is worth much less than the Kesuvah itself.
4) [line 12] MIRTAS - he is afraid