BACKGROUND ON THE DAILY DAF
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Previous daf Nedarim 83
1) [line 1] SOFEGES ES HA'ARBA'IM - (lit. she receives forty lashes) The
Torah writes "Arba'im Yakenu" - "the flogger will administer forty lashes,"
but Chazal learn that it actually means 39 lashes (Makos 22a)
2) [line 6] CHARTZAN - a grape seed
3) [line 6] ZAG - a grape peel
4) [line 12] CHATAS HA'OF
(a) The offering of the Chatas ha'Of (e.g. in Vayikra 5:8-9) consists of
1. MELIKAH - Standing on the floor of the Azarah near the southwestern
corner of the Mizbe'ach, the Kohen cuts the back of the neck of the bird
with his right thumbnail. He makes sure to cut one Siman (either the trachea
or the esophagus), but not to sever the entire neck of the bird.
(b) The Chatas ha'Of is eaten by the Kohanim on the day that it is offered
and the following night. No part of it was burned on the Mizbe'ach.
2. HAZAYAH - The Kohen sprinkles its blood on the Mizbe'ach (directly from
the neck of the bird), below the Chut ha'Sikra (red line) that is located
halfway up the Mizbe'ach.
3. MITZUY - The Kohen presses the cut neck of the bird to the Mizbe'ach and
squeezes its remaining blood onto the Mizbe'ach.
5) [line 13] OLAS HA'OF
The offering of the Olas Ha'of (e.g. in Vayikra 1:14-17) consists of four
1. MELIKAH - On the Sovev (see Background to Yoma 22:13) of the Mizbe'ach,
on the *southeastern* corner, the Kohen cuts the back of the neck of the
bird with his right thumbnail, making sure to cut both Simanim (the trachea
and the esophagus). (If the southeastern corner of the Sovev is crowded with
Kohanim offering the Olas ha'Of, then the additional Olas ha'Of Korbanos are
offered on the southwestern corner of the Mizbe'ach.)
2. MITZUY - The Kohen presses the cut part of the head and body of the bird
onto the wall of the Mizbe'ach, above the Chut ha'Sikra (red line) that is
located halfway up the Mizbe'ach.
3. HAKTARAS HA'ROSH - The Kohen salts the head and throws it into the fire
on the Mizbe'ach.
4. HAKTARAS HA'GUF - The Kohen cuts out the crop and surrounding feathers of
the bird (or, according to some Tana'im, the crop and the intestines --
Zevachim 65a) and throws them to the ash-pile at the side of the ramp of the
Mizbe'ach. He then tears the bird apart (Shesiya), salts it, and throws it
into the fire.
6) [line 7] LA'BERIYOS - from all people
7) [line 8] LEKET
"Leket" refers to individual (one or two) stalks of grain that inadvertently
slipped out of the reaper's hand while he harvested them (by cutting them
underneath with a sickle) or while he uprooted them (if he is not using a
sickle) (Chinuch #218; see Pe'ah 4:10 and Chidushei Anshei Shem). Such
stalks may not be retrieved by the owner but must be left for the poor, as
described in Vayikra (19:9-10), "v'Leket Ketzircha Lo Selaket...le'Ani
vela'Ger Ta'azov Osam." - "Do not pick up the individual stalks that have
fallen from the harvest ... you shall leave them (the gifts of Pe'ah, Leket,
Olelos and Peret) for the poor and the stranger." If three stalks fall
together, they are not considered Leket and may be retrieved by the owner.
8) [line 8] SHIKCHAH
If one or two bundles of grain were forgotten in the field when the other
bundles were collected, they must be left for the poor, as described in
Devarim (24:19). Also, one may not backtrack to harvest a row previously
9) [line 9] PE'AH
The corner, or end, of the harvest must be left in the field for the poor,
as it states "Lo Sechaleh Pe'as Sadecha Liktzor...le'Ani vela'Ger Ta'azov
Osam." - "Do not completely harvest the corner of your field...you shall
leave them (the gifts of Pe'ah, Leket, Olelos and Peret) for the poor and
the stranger." (Vayikra 19:9-10)