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Nedarim 66

1) [line 2] POSCHIN B'YAMIM TOVIM UV'SHABASOS - we revoke a Neder (e.g. that prohibits a particular food or drink for a period of one year) if a person claims that (a) had he been aware of the fact that it is forbidden to cause himself suffering on Shabbos and Yom Tov, he would not have made the Neder; or (b) there are no facts that he was not aware of but, nevertheless, he now regrets making the Neder.

2) [line 13] MEYUSHAN - wine that is three-years old (Bava Basra 98a, Rashi Berachos 51a DH b'Yayin)

3) [line 15] BATZAL - onion
4) [line 17] KUFRI - village onions; alt. onions from Kufri or Kufra, possibly Cyprus
5) [line 29] VESTO - his nature, behavior
6) [line 32] KE'URAH - the ugly
7) [line 36] V'YIPUHA - and they made her beautiful
8) [line 38] MENAVALTAN - makes them ugly; disfigures them
9) [line 39] NOS'OS KINAH - raised their voices in a lament

10) [line 40] "BENOS YISRAEL, EL SHAUL BECHENA; HA'MALBISHCHEM SHANI IM ADANIM, HA'MA'ALEH ADI ZAHAV AL LEVUSHECHEN." - "You daughters of Yisrael, weep over Shaul, who clothed you in scarlet, with other delights, who put ornaments of gold upon your apparel." (Shmuel II 1:24)


11) [line 1] SHEN TOSEVES - a false tooth (see Insights)

12a) [line 11] YAMUSU KOL BENEI ALMANAH - (a) (lit. Death to all sons of widows) Rebbi Shimon likened the man who made the Neder to Benei Almanah, since they are uncultured people. Sons of widows do not have fathers to educate them in the manner that fathers educate their children. (ROSH); (b) (lit. Death to all sons of the widow) Besides cursing the man who made the Neder that he should die, Rebbi Shimon also cursed all of his sons who would be sons of a widow after his death. (RAN)
b) [line 11] V'AL YAZUZ SHIMON MI'MEKOMO - and Rebbi Shimon will not move from his place [to go taste her food] (since this would be a disgrace to the honor of his Torah-learning, as opposed to the Hashka'as Sotah, which is done for the sake of Heaven -- ROSH)

13) [line 13] D'LO LISRAGLEI L'MINDAR - so that people (like these people) should not become accustomed to making vows

14) [line 14] SHE'TARUKI - that you spit
15) [line 17] MEIRAK AL MANEI D'RABAN SHIMON BEN GAMLIEL - spitting on the clothes of Raban Shimon ben Gamliel

16) [line 19] MUM/ME'UM YAFEH SHE'BICH - a beautiful part of you
17) [line 21] SEGALGAL - (a) round; (b) elongated (RASHI to Shabbos 31a, 2nd explanation)

18) [line 22] ANITZEI PISHTAN - (a) tangled bundles of pounded flax (ROSH); (b) bundles of flax that have been pounded and carded (freed of hard substances) with a flax comb (RASHI to Sukah 12b); (c) bundles of flax that have been pounded but not carded (MEFARESH Nedarim 55b)

19) [line 23] TERUTOS - (a) round (TOSFOS, ROSH, RAN, RASHI to Shabbos 31a, 2nd explanation); (b) tender, bleary (MEFARESH, RASHI to Shabbos 31a, 1st explanation)

20) [line 24] KEFULOS - large and folded over
21) [line 24] BALUM HU - shrunken so that it looks like it is sealed (ROSH)
22) [line 26] SHAKUT - short
23) [line 27] TZAVAH - bloated
24) [line 28] AVZA - a goose
25) [line 28] LACHLUCHIS SHEMAH - her name is Lachluchis ("dirty")
26) [line 32] BASHILI LI TREI TALFEI - (a) cook for me two hooves (MEFARESH); (b) According to the Girsa BASHILI LI *TREI TELAFCHEI* - cook for me *a little bit of lentils* (ROSH)

27) [line 32] BASHILAH LEI TREI (TALFEI) [TELAFCHEI - Bach, Girsa #6] - (a) she cooked for him two *lentils* (MEFARESH); (b) (According to the second Girsa in the previous entry) she cooked for him *two* lentils (interpreting his words literally -- ROSH)

28) [line 33] BASHILI LI GERIVA - (a) cook for me a lot (ROSH; he tried to make her understand that he wanted a quantity -- MAHARSHA); (b) cook for me a Geriva (a Geriva can mean a measure of a Se'ah or any large amount; his intention was that by specifying a very large amount she would start cooking and end up will a normal-sized meal -- MEFARESH)

29) [line 34] BASHILAH LEI GERIVA - she cooked for him a Se'ah (1 Se'ah = approximately 7.2, 8.29 or 14.4 liters, depending upon the differing Halachic opinions), an extraordinary amount

30) [line 35] BUTZINEI - young pumpkins
31) [line 36] SHERAGEI - candles (that hold oil and wicks)
32) [line 36] REISHAH D'VAVA - on the top of the door


33) [last line] MEFIRIN (HAFARAS NEDARIM - Annulling vows)
(a) A man has the right to annul certain vows of his wife and his daughter, as the Torah states in Bamidbar 30:6, 9, 13-14. He accomplishes this if on the day that he hears the vow he states "Mufar Lach" ("it is annulled"). There is an argument among the Tana'im whether the vow must be annulled before nightfall on the day the husband/father heard it, or before 24 hours pass from when he heard it (Shabbos 157a).
(b) A father may annul the vows of his daughter while she is a minor or Na'arah (when she grows two pubic hairs) until she becomes a Bogeres (six months after she becomes a Na'arah). If the father marries her off when she is a minor, during the period of Eirusin both the father *and* the future husband must annul the vows in order for the annulment to take place. After the period of Nisu'in, the husband may annul the vows and not the father. Nobody may annul the vows of an unmarried *mature* woman; they need to be revoked, as follows.
(c) When an adult makes a Neder (or designates Chalah, Terumah or Kodshim) or Nezirus, he may have it revoked by a Beis Din of three (if they are not outstanding authorities) or a Yachid Mumcheh (an outstanding authority). The general method used is that Beis Din investigates whether the person would not have made the Neder in the first place had he been aware of a particular fact.

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