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Nedarim 50

1) [line 1] DALI TZIFTA - he (Rebbi Yehudah) lifted the mat (upon which he was sitting)

2) [line 1] CHAZI MAI IKA - see what [wealth] there is [here]! (the area under the mat was miraculously filled with golden coins -- MEFARESH)

3) [line 5] ADRAH HANA'AH MI'KOL NICHSEI - he vowed that she may not benefit from any of his possessions

4) [line 6] SISVA - winter
5a) [line 6] GANU - they slept
b) [line 6] BEI TIVNA - (a) on straw (because they did not have mattresses or pillows -- MEFARESH); (b) in a storehouse for straw

6) [line 7] MAZYEI - (a) his hair (TOSFOS, MEFARESH); (b) According to the Girsa *MAZYAH* - her hair (RAN)

7) [line 8] REMINA LACH YERUSHALAYIM D'DAHAVA - I will place in your hair a type of golden brooch on which there is a design of Yerushalayim

8) [line 9] IDMI LEHON - he appeared to them
9) [line 9] V'KA KARI A'BAVA - and he cried out by the door
10) [line 10] PURSA D'SIVNA, D'YALDAS ITESI - a little bit of straw, because my wife gave birth

11) [line 11] MIDA'AM - anything
12) [line 11] L'AGUNA - on which to lay her down
13) [line 15] L'MISHLAM TARTEI SEREI SHENIN - at the end of twelve years
14) [line 18] SHAVKACH ARMELUS CHAYUS - he left you living the lifestyle of a widow during his lifetime (-- based upon Shmuel II 20:3)

15) [line 19] IY TZA'IS L'DILI - if he would listen to me
16) [line 24] ZUGEI - pairs
17) [line 27] ASAS L'ISCHAZUYEI LEI - she came to appear to him (to meet him)
18) [line 27] KA MADCHAN LAH RABANAN - the students of Rebbi Akiva tried to push her away

19) [line 31] I'ATAR - became wealthy
20) [line 32] AYALA DI'SEFINASA - (a) the "ram" of the boat; a wooden ram placed on the prow of a boat as a charm or prospect that the boat should sail quickly; it was filled with golden coins (RAN); (b) a golden ram made for boats (TOSFOS, ROSH)

21) [line 33] MIN EINA - a type of [animal of a] flock; i.e. a sheep or goat
22) [line 33] ANSHEYUHA AL KEIF YAMA - they forgot it on the seashore
23) [line 34] GAVZA - (a) a treasure chest (RAN); (b) a large piece of wood (ARUCH, ROSH)

24) [line 35] MARANA - the master
25) [line 36] V'CHULEI ISKA - and all of the earnings from their business transactions
26) [last line] D'MIN DASRUKISA - of the Yishmaelim (according to the Bach #6, these words belong on the previous line, between the words "Sefinasa" and "v'Chulei")


27) [line 1] KETI'A BAR SHALUM - There was once a Caesar who hated the Jews. He asked his advisers, "If someone has dead flesh in his foot, should he cut it off and become healed or should he leave it and suffer?" They answered him, "He should cut it off and become healed." (He was referring to the Jewish people in his empire, whom he saw as a constant source of frustration.) Ketia bar Shalom, one of the advisers, then interjected, "Firstly," he said, "you will never be able to kill all of them, for they are dispersed throughout the four corners of the world...and they are as important for the continued existence of the world as the winds. (Therefore other monarchs who have a greater appreciation for the indispensability of the Jews in *their* kingdoms will foil your plans - MK). Furthermore, if you execute all the Jews of your kingdom, your reign will go down in history as a bloody one!
The king responded, "You have argued cogently. However, there is a rule that whoever outwits the king must be put to death. As they were taking Ketia away, a Roman matron called out, "Woe to the ship that travels without paying its dues!" Ketia immediately circumcised himself, exclaiming, "I have paid my dues -- now I may pass through [the Gates of the World to Come] freely!" As they were throwing him to his death he cried out "All my property is granted to Rebbi Akiva and his colleagues!" A heavenly voice was heard saying, "Ketia bar Shalom is destined for the Hereafter!" (Gemara Avodah Zarah 10b, see Torah from the Internet, Parshas Pinchas by Mordecai Kornfeld, Judaica Press, 1997)

28) [line 4] KOFA - a monkey
29) [line 4] AL L'CHORTA - it went into a hole
30) [line 5] ASHKECHUHA D'REVI'A AL MARGELAYASA - he found it laying on gems
31) [line 7] TORAH MEFU'ERAH BI'CHELI MECHO'AR! - [Woe,] such glorious Torah wisdom in an ugly vessel!

32) [line 9] MANEI D'FACHRA - earthenware vessels
33) [line 10] ATUN ACHITUN - you, [who are dignified] place it
34) [line 11] V'RAMAS - and she placed it
35) [line 12] SARI - it spoiled, soured; turned to vinegar
36) [line 13] V'HA IKA SHAPIRIN U'GEMIRIN - but there are handsome people who are learned

37) [line 14] IY HAVU SANU - (a) if they would have been ugly (TOSFOS); (b) if they would have hated [their handsome looks] (TOSFOS to Ta'anis 7b)

38) [line 14] HAVU GEMIRIN TEFEI - they would be more learned
39) [line 18] GOTZA - [he is] short
40) [line 18] RABA KEREISEI - and his belly is large
41) [line 18] UKAM - [he is] dark
42) [line 18] RABAH SHINEI - his teeth are big
43) [line 19] L'VAZUYEI KA'ASIS - you want (lit. did you come) to shame him?

44) [line 20] SHAMTA (NIDUY - excommunication)
(a) The minimum period of Niduy is thirty days in Eretz Yisrael or seven days in Bavel and elsewhere. If the Menudeh does not repent from his ways he is put into Niduy for a second thirty-day period. If he still does not repent, he is then put into Cherem. The laws of Cherem are much more stringent.
(b) No one may come within four Amos of the Menudeh, except for his wife and family. He is not permitted to eat or drink with other people, nor is he included in a Zimun or any other Mitzvah that requires a quorum of ten men. He may not wash his clothes, shave or take a haircut or wear shoes. Learning and teaching Torah, however, are permitted, as well as engaging in work. The last two are not permitted to a Muchram, who must learn by himself and engage in work to the minimum that will provide him daily sustenance. People may speak with the Menudeh or the Muchram unless Beis Din specifically prohibits it.
(c) Even if the period of Cherem or Niduy has ended, a person remains in Niduy or Cherem until he is permitted by three commoners or by an expert sage (SHULCHAN ARUCH Yoreh De'ah 334:27 and REMA ibid. 334:24)

45) [line 20] PAK'AH - she (probably the woman's internal organs) burst
46) [line 25] KEIVA - a pain
47) [line 25] SARICH ALAH - it is transferred (lit. clings) to it (the egg)
48) [line 26] SAMA - a remedy, such as herbs or potions
49) [line 28] KULCHA - (a) a remedy identical or similar to the Beitzah
Turmota (TOSFOS, ROSH, MEFARESH); (b) a remedy in which a cabbage stalk is taken into the mouth and swallowed (ARUCH)

50) [line 28] AD D'MISTEREIN INSHEI BEISEI ALEI SA'AREIHON - because of their worry over Shmuel's condition, the members of his household (a) tore out their hair (ROSH, MEFARESH); (b) unbraided their hair (RAN)

51) [line 29] KELUFSIN - a type of fig
52) [line 30] BENOS SHEVA - usually, Benos Sheva or Benos Shu'ach are identified with a species of inferior white figs, the trees of which produce fruits over a 3-year period (Berachos 40b, Rosh Hashanah 15b, Bechoros 8a). However, the figs mentioned in Nedarim 27a as Benos Shu'ach are a superior strain and are probably not white (ROSH, TOSFOS to Bechoros 8a DH Benos -- see there where Tosfos differentiates between them, calling the inferior dates Benos Shu'ach and the superior dates Benos *Sheva*, which is also his Girsa in the Gemara on Daf 27a. See also the MEFARESH there). In any case, Benos Sheva are considered a different species from the Kelufsin.

53) [line 32] LAFDEI - fig dishes
54) [line 33] L'AGMUREI - to teach him
55) [line 35] NASHINU TOVAH - we forgot goodness (prosperity) (-- based upon Eichah 3:17)

56) [line 35] ANU, AFILU B'EINEINU LO RA'INU - we never even beheld it with our eyes
57) [line 36] HILULA - wedding
58) [line 37] KASAV AL BEI GENANA - he (Bar Kapara) wrote about the wedding
59) [line 42] D'MECHAYEICH BEI - in which he laughs
60) [line 43] LO TAVDICHAN - do not make me laugh

61) [last line] ARBE'IN GERIVEI - forty measures, usually Se'in
1 Se'ah = 7.2, 8.29 or 14.4 liters, depending upon the differing Halachic opinions
40 Se'in = 288, 331.6, or 576 liters, depending upon the differing Halachic opinions

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