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Nedarim 22

NEDARIM 22 - this Daf has been dedicated by Rabbi Eli Turkel of Ra'anana, Israel, to the memory of his father, Reb Yisrael Shimon ben Shlomo ha'Levi Turkel (Yarhzeit: 10 Av).

1) [line 1] CHAMA'AS - she (the mother) saw
2) [line 1] MILIN D'AZIVAH - things that she (the daughter) should have refrained from doing

3) [line 2] BI'CHEDI LO ADARTAH - she would not have made a Neder against her for nothing

4) [line 5] D'FASCHIN PINKASECH U'MEMASHMESHIN B'OVDECH - that [in Heaven] they open your tablet (i.e. your records) and check your deeds

5) [line 7] "...V'ACHAR NEDARIM L'VAKER." - "[It is a trap for a man to rashly declare, 'It is holy,'] and to inquire only after making his vows." (Mishlei 20:25) - The Gemara interprets the second phrase in this verse as, "and makings vows will cause [the Heavenly Court] to inquire."

6) [line 9] B'HADA ACHARANAISA - with this other one (as follows)
7) [line 11] "YESH BOTEH K'MADKEROS CHEREV..." - "There is one who speaks like the stabs of a sword, but the tongue of the wise brings healing." (Mishlei 12:18)

8) [line 15] BAMAH
(a) A Bamah is a raised area used for sacrifices. Before the Beis ha'Mikdash was built (when the Mishkan was not in use), there were times when it was permitted to offer sacrifices on public altars (Bamas Tzibur or Bamah Gedolah) and private altars (Bamas Yachid) (see Insights to Pesachim 91:2).
(b) BAMAS TZIBUR: Only one public altar was in use at any particular time. At various times in our history, the Bamas Tzibur was in Gilgal (where the Mishkan stood before the land was completely conquered, until it was moved to Shiloh), Nov and Giv'on (after the Mishkan in Shiloh was destroyed, see Zevachim 112b). An individual could offer only voluntary sacrifices on a Bamas Tzibur. There is a difference of opinion among the Tana'im as to whether all communal sacrifices could be offered on a Bamas Tzibur or only the communal sacrifices that have a fixed time (Zevachim 117a).
(c) BAMAS YACHID: Any person, even if he was not a Kohen, could build a Bamas Yachid anywhere in Eretz Yisrael and offer upon it his personal sacrifices. Only voluntary sacrifices were allowed to be offered on a Bamas Yachid.

9) [line 26] "SHAM RESHA'IM CHADLU ROGEZ..." - "There the wicked cease from troubling; [and there the weary are at rest.]" (Iyov 3:16)

10) [line 33] "KOL PA'AL HASH-M LA'MA'ANEIHU, V'GAM RASHA L'YOM RA'AH." - "HaSh-m has made all things for Himself; even the wicked for the day of evil." (Mishlei 16:4)

11) [line 34] TACHTONIYUS - piles
12) [line 34] "...V'NASAN HASH-M LECHA SHAM LEV RAGAZ V'CHILYON EINAYIM V'DA'AVON NEFESH." - "[And among these nations shall you find no ease, neither shall the sole of your foot have rest;] but HaSh-m shall give you there a trembling heart, and failing of eyes, and sorrow of mind;" (Devarim 28:65)

13) [line 36] B'MEISKEI - when he went up
14) [line 36] ISLAVU LEI - joined with him
15) [line 37] BENEI CHOZA'EI - [people from] Mechoza, a district of Bavel on the caravan road, along the Tigris River and its canals

16) [line 37] YA'US AVDI? - Did I do a good thing?
17) [line 38] IYN, U'FERA LEI BEIS HA'SHECHITAH - yes, and cut open his neck (in the place where an animal is slaughtered)

18) [line 39] ACHZIKEI YEDEI OVREI AVEIRAH? - [Did] I aid and abet sinners [by justifying him]?

19) [line 39] NAFSHACH HITZALTA! - You saved your life!


20) [line 3] "RASHA, K'GOVAH APO, BAL YIDROSH..." - "The wicked, through the arrogance of his countenance, [thinks,] 'He will not seek out;' all his thoughts are, 'There is no HaSh-m.'" (Tehilim 10:4)

21) [line 5] MESHAKE'ACH TALMUDO - he forgets his Torah learning
22) [line 6] "...U'CHESIL YIFROS IVELES." - "[In everything a prudent man acts with knowledge;] but a fool lays bare his folly." (Mishlei 13:16)

23) [line 12] SHE'ARACHAH SHEL ERETZ YISRA'EL HU - since it contains important facts about Eretz Yisrael, such as the names of cities and the boundaries

24) [line 13] "KI V'ROV CHOCHMAH ROV KA'AS..." - "For in much wisdom there is much anger; [and he that increases knowledge increases pain.]" (Koheles 1:18) - The fact that much wisdom of the prophets was written shows that HaSh-m was angry with Benei Yisrael (RAN).

25) [line 18] NADART B'MOHI - if you had made your Shevu'ah (oath) with a Kinuy (an expression, see Background to Nedarim 2:1:c) for a Shevu'ah, such as Noder b'Mohi, which is a Kinuy for a Shevu'ah (a) using a corrupted form of the Aramaic word for Shevu'ah, "Momasa" (RAMBAM, MEFARESH to Nedarim 10a); (b) using a corrupted form of the name "Moshe" [Rabeinu] (RAN ibid.)

26) [line 19] MIZDAKEKINA LACH - I would have attended to [the annulment of the Shevu'ah for] you

27) [line 22] LIT'OM MAR MIDI - please master, have something to eat (lit. taste something)

28) [line 22] MAREI KOLA, LO TA'IMNA LEI - [I take an oath by] the Master of Everything, I will not eat anything of yours

29) [line 28] POSCHIN B'CHARATAH
(a) When an adult makes a Neder (or designates Chalah, Terumah or Kodshim) or Nezirus, and he regrets having made the Neder, he may have it revoked by a Beis Din of three (if they are not outstanding authorities) or a Yachid Mumcheh (an outstanding authority). The general method used is that Beis Din investigates whether the person would not have made the Neder in the first place had he been aware of a particular fact. This investigation provides the person with a "Pesach" (opening) with which the Beis Din can revoke the Neder.
(b) If there are no facts that the person who made the Neder was not aware of but, nevertheless, he now regrets making the Neder, there is a Machlokes Tana'im as to whether the fact that the person regrets having made the Neder ("Charatah") is enough of a Pesach to allow the Neder to be annulled. The Halachah follows the opinion that Charatah is a valid Pesach in and of itself.

30) [line 29] MISHTABE'ACH LEI RAVA L'RAV NACHMAN B'RAV SECHORAH - Rava praised Rav Sechorah as a great person/Talmid Chacham, in front of Rav Nachman

31) [line 34] ZIL L'KIL'ACH - (a) go [home] to the porch of your house (RAN); (b) go [back] to your inn (ROSH)

32) [line 35] SHE'YAVOR LO HA'ADAM that a man should select for himself

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