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Nedarim 20

NEDARIM 19 & 20 (7 Av) - has been dedicated to the memory of Dr. Simcha Bekelnitzky (Simcha Gedalya ben Shraga Feibush) of Queens N.Y., by his wife and daughters. G-d fearing and knowledgeable, Simcha was well known in the community for his Chesed and Tzedakah. He will long be remembered.

(a) When an adult makes a Neder (or designates Chalah, Terumah or Kodshim) or Nezirus, and he regrets having made the Neder, he may have it revoked by a Beis Din of three (if they are not outstanding authorities) or a Yachid Mumcheh (an outstanding authority). The general method used is that Beis Din investigates whether the person would not have made the Neder in the first place had he been aware of a particular fact. This investigation provides the person with a "Pesach" (opening) with which the Beis Din can revoke the Neder.
(b) If there are no facts that the person who made the Neder was not aware of but, nevertheless, he now regrets making the Neder, there is a Machlokes Tana'im as to whether the fact that the person regrets having made the Neder ("Charatah") is enough of a Pesach to allow the Neder to be annulled. The Halachah follows the opinion that Charatah is a valid Pesach in and of itself.
(c) The above interpretation follows the opinion of the RI and the RAN. RASHI (cited by RAV AVRAHAM MIN HA'HAR) and RABEINU TAM, however, claim that the words "mi'Makom Acher" indicate that the Chachamim in this Mishnah rule that Charatah is *not* a valid Pesach for these Nedarim.

2a) [line 38] CHIGRIN - lame
b) [line 39] ILMIM - dumb (mute)


3) [line 1] YEFEIFIN - (a) beautiful; (b) unblemished; without Mumim (physical impairments) (ROSH)

4) [line 4] K'MI SHE'KAFA'O SHED - like someone who was forced by a demon
5a) [line 13] TZELI - roasted
b) [line 13] MEVUSHAL - cooked
c) [line 13] SHALUK - thoroughly cooked
6) [line 19] D'METZAINEI K'MAL'ACHEI HA'SHARES - that they stand out [from other people] like the Ministering Angels

7) [line 24] MAI SHENA MIN BINISA? - How are you different from a fish?
8) [line 27] "U'VAROSI MIKEM HA'MORDIM VEHA'POSH'IM BI..." - "And I will purge out from among you the rebels, and those who transgress against Me; [I will bring them out from the country where they sojourn, and they shall not enter into the land of Yisrael; and you shall know that I am HaSh-m.]" (Yechezkel 20:38)

9) [line 30] TEMURAH - substitution
10) [line 31] IRUBUVYA - mixture, confusion
11) [line 35] "[U']MI'BENEI YISACHAR YOD'EI VINAH LA'ITIM..." - "And of the children of Yisachar, men who had understanding of the times, [to know what Yisrael ought to do; the heads of them were two hundred, and all their brothers were at their command.]" (Divrei ha'Yamim I 12:33)


12) [line 37] NIDREI ZERUZIN - vows for purposes of motivation
13) [line 37] NIDREI HAVAI - vows of exaggeration, vows of nonsense with no substance

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