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Nedarim 14

NEDARIM 14 & 15 - The Sichel family of Baltimore Maryland has dedicated two Dafim, in prayer for a Refu'ah Shelemah for Mrs. Sichel, Miriam bas Shprintza -- may she have a speedy and full recovery.

1) [line 4] V'ELU MUTARIN K'CHULIN: KI'VESAR CHAZIR - that is, the cases listed in the Mishnah begin with Besar Chazir, and all of them are *like* Chulin in that they are permitted; the Neder is not binding

2) [line 9] MECHAVARTA - it is clearly correct
3) [line 10] MIMELA NASVAH - [Chulin] was listed [in the Mishnah] for no reason
4) [line 11] DAVAR HA'NADUR - another object which has been prohibited either through a Neder or by becoming Hekdesh (consecrated), i.e. that has been prohibited because of an Isur that a *person* placed upon it

5) [line 17] ORLAH
(a) In the first three years after a fruit tree is planted, its fruits are called Orlah and are Asurim b'Hana'ah, as it states in Vayikra 19:23.
(b) If a person eats a k'Zayis of Orlah fruit, he receives Malkos. If he derives benefit from Orlah (or any other food that is Asur b'Hana'ah), according to most Rishonim he is punished with Malkos (TOSFOS Chulin 120a DH Ela), while according to others, he is only punished with Makas Mardus, a Rabbinic institution of Malkos. (RAMBAM Hilchos Ma'achalos Asuros 8:16 -- see also Mishneh l'Melech to Yesodei ha'Torah 5:8)

6) [line 17] KIL'EI HA'KEREM
(a) It is forbidden to plant different types of crops together as it states in the Torah, "Sadecha Lo Sizra Kil'ayim," - "Do not plant different species (together) in your field." (Vayikra 19:19), and "Lo Sizra Karmecha Kil'ayim, Pen Tikdash ha'Melei'ah ha'Zera Asher Tizra u'Sevu'as ha'Karem." - "You shall not sow your vineyard with other species, lest the fruit of the seed which you have sown, and the fruit of the vineyard, be forfeited." (Devarim 22:9). If one sows Kil'ayim, the produce becomes prohibited ('Kidesh,' from the word in the verse, 'Tikdash').
(b) The Mishnayos in Maseches Kil'ayim specify the distance that one must leave in between different crops.


7) [line 5] D'MACHTA ORAISA A'AR'A - that is, when he is *not* holding the Sefer Torah

8) [line 7] GEVILEI - the parchments upon which the Torah is written
9) [line 8] AZKAROS - names of HaSh-m

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