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Previous daf Nedarim 9
1) [line 3] K'NIDVOSAM (NEDARIM/NEDAVOS)
(a) A person may offer a Korban in the Beis ha'Mikdash as a voluntary
sacrifice, as it states in Vayikra 1:2. Voluntary Korbanos may be Olos (which
are burned entirely on the Mizbe'ach, see Vayikra 1:2-17, 6:1-6), Shelamim
(parts of which are eaten, see Vayikra 3:1-17, 7:11-21, 7:28-37) or Menachos
(flour offerings, see Vayikra 2:1-13, 6:7-11, 7:9-10).
(b) When a person states, "I pledge an Olah" ("Harei *Alai* Olah"), without
singling out a specific animal, his pledge is called a Neder. When he sets
aside an animal with which to fulfill his pledge, and the animal gets lost or
dies, he must bring another in its place. If he states, "*This* animal is an
Olah" ("Harei *Zo* Olah"), his pledge is called a Nedavah. If the animal gets
lost or dies, he has no obligation to bring another in its place.
2) [line 13] KAMASHMA LAN (HADEIN) - even though he did not use the language
of a Shevu'ah, if a person says "k'Nidrei Resha'im Heimenu she'Lo Ochal,"
when a piece of food is lying in front of him, he has made a Shevu'ah (Rav
Betzalel Rensburg notes that the word "Hadein" should be removed)
3) [line 6] MA'AL (ME'ILAH)
(a) It is forbidden to derive personal benefit from anything that is Hekdesh,
as the Torah states, "Lo Suchal le'Echol b'Sha'arecha...u'Nedarecha Asher
Tidor" - "You may not eat in your settlements...and your pledges [to Hekdesh]
that you will pledge" (Devarim 12:17) (RAMBAM Hilchos Me'ilah 1:1-3). The
minimum amount for which one transgresses this prohibition is a Perutah's
worth of benefit.
(b) If someone benefited from Hekdesh intentionally, he receives Malkos and
must pay to Hekdesh the amount that he benefited. However, the object from
which he benefited remains Hekdesh.
(c) If someone benefited from Hekdesh unintentionally, the object loses its
Kedushah. He must bring a Korban Me'ilah and repay Hekdesh the value of his
benefit plus an additional *fifth* (of the ensuing total, or a *quarter* of
the original value). This is true of any object that has Kedushas Damim (i.e.
it's value is consecrated to Hekdesh). An object that has Kedushas ha'Guf
(i.e. an object with intrinsic Kedushah, such as the utensils used in the
Beis ha'Mikdash or a live Korban that is used in the Beis ha'Mikdash "as is")
does not lose its Kedushah under any circumstances (Rosh Hashanah 28a).
4) [line 8] V'SOMECH (SEMICHAH)
Semichah refers to the Mitzvah for a person to press his hands with all his
might on the head of his animal sacrifice before it is slaughtered, as
described in Vayikra (1:4).
5) [line 12] ASHAM NAZIR TAMEI (NAZIR)
(a) If a person makes a vow to become a Nazir without stipulating a time
period, his Nezirus lasts for a period of thirty days, as our Gemara shows
from the verses. During this period, the Nazir is not allowed to 1. cut his
hair; 2. become Tamei by touching or being in the same room as a corpse; or
3. consume any products of the grapevine.
(b) If a Nazir becomes Tamei through contact with or being in the same room
as a corpse, on the third and seventh days he must be sprinkled with water
that has the ashes of the Parah Adumah in it to become Tahor. On the seventh
day of his purification he shaves off the hair of his head. On the eighth
day, he brings the sacrifices of a Nazir who becomes Tamei and begins
counting his Nazirite days anew. The sacrifices he brings are two turtledoves
(Tor) or two young common doves (Yonah), one as a Chatas and one as an Olah.
He must also bring a yearling sheep as an Asham. He may then start counting
his Nazirite days anew. These Korbanos and this shaving are in addition to
the Korbanos and shaving of every Nazir upon the completion of his Nezirus.
(c) When a Nazir completes his period of Nezirus, he must offer three
sacrifices: a male sheep as an Olah, a female sheep as a Chatas, and a ram as
a Shelamim. Together with the Shelamim he brings 6 and 2/3 Esronos of Soles
(fine flour) which are made into 20 loaves of Matzah, 10 Chalos (unleavened
loaves) and 10 Rekikin (flat Matzos). He then shaves his hair and burns it
under the pot in which the Shelamim is cooked (Bamidbar 6:18). (Sefer
6) [line 14] TOV RO'I - impressive to look upon
7) [line 14] U'KEVUTZOSAV SEDUROS LO TALTALIM - and his curly hair was
arranged in locks
8) [line 18] BAVU'AH - reflection
9) [line 18] PACHAZ ALAI YITZRI - my Evil Inclination rose within me (in
pride of my good looks)
10) [line 19] L'TORDENI MIN HA'OLAM - to drive me out of the World [to Come]
11) [line 21] RIMAH V'TOLE'AH - [food for] worms
12) [line 22] HA'AVODAH - I swear (by the service of the Beis ha'Mikdash)
13) [line 29] TOHIN - (a) when they have an emotional upheaval, such as
intense fear or anger (MEFARESH); (b) when they regret their previous wicked
14a) [line 31] MEVI'IN CHULIN LA'AZARAH - they will bring unconsecrated
animals to the courtyard of the Beis ha'Mikdash (The RAN explains that the
Gemara is not referring to *actual* Chulin la'Azarah. As long as a Nazir has
not received Hataras Nedarim for his Nezirus, he is obligated in all of the
Korbanos of a Nazir. Rather, since the Nezirus of *these* Nezirim is not
favorable in the eyes of HaSh-m, so, too, are their Korbanos not favorable.)
b) [line 31] CHULIN LA'AZARAH
(a) There is a Machlokes Tana'im as to whether it is forbidden mid'Oraisa or
mid'Rabanan to slaughter animals in the Azarah (the courtyard of the Beis
ha'Mikdash) other than Korbanos. According to those Tana'im who rule that
this Halachah is mid'Oraisa, its source is from the verse, "Ki Yirchak
Mimecha ha'Makom...v'Zavachta..." - "Since the place chosen by HaSh-m is
far...you need only slaughter..." (Devarim 12:21). Chazal learn from this
verse that we may only slaughter Chulin *outside* of the Azarah of the Beis
(b) Other Tana'im rule that this Halachah is mid'Rabanan, and was enacted to
prevent people from thinking that these animals are Korbanos. Since they may
be eaten outside of the Azarah, people will think it is permitted to eat
Kodshim outside of the Mikdash.
15) [line 32] D'AMUDEI AMID NAFSHEI - he evaluated himself