REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Nazir 44
(a) Regarding the three Halachos of a Nazir, the Tana lists the various
Chumros of the one over the other.
What is the Chumra of ...
(b) The Chumra of the prohibition of drinking wine over that of shaving and
Tum'ah is the fact that it has no exceptions, whereas the other two do.
What is the exception of ...
- ... Tum'ah and the prohibition of shaving over the prohibition of drinking wine?
- ... Tum'ah over the prohibition of shaving?
(c) In order not to learn one from the other, every detail has a specific
source. How might we otherwise (for example) not permit any exceptions by
Tum'ah (if not for a specific Pasuk) from a 'Kal va'Chomer' from the
prohibition of wine?
- ... Tum'ah?
- ... the prohibition of shaving?
(d) So from where do we learn that a Nazir is permitted (even obligated) to
render himself Tamei for a Meis Mitzvah?
(a) Which of the Chumros in our Mishnah do we learn from the Pasuk "mi'Yayin
(b) And what do we learn from the Pasuk "ve'ha'Yamim ha'Rishonim Yiplu, *Ki
(a) Who receives Malkos, if Reuven shaves Shimon who is a Nazir?
(b) We learned in our Mishnah that the Halachah of Tum'ah is more stringent
than that of shaving inasmuch as the former demolishes the entire Nezirus,
whereas the latter only demolishes thirty days.
Why should we not learn a
'Kal va'Chomer' from Tum'ah, that a Nazir who shaves must demolish his
entire Nezirus and count again from the beginning?
(a) What do we learn from ...
We just asked why we do not learn from a 'Kal va'Chomer' (from shaving,
which has exceptions) that wine demolishes thirty days of Nezirus.
(b) If wine, which does not demolish the Nazir's Nezirus, does not have any
exceptions to its prohibitions, why do we not say 'Kal va'Chomer' shaving,
- ... "ve'Timei Rosh Nizro" (with regard to rendering a Nazir Tamei)?
- ... "Ta'ar Lo Ya'avor al Rosho") with regard to shaving a Nazir)?
(c) And why do we not say that if wine, which has no exceptions, does not
demolish the Nezirus, 'Kal va'Chomer' shaving?
(d) Conversely, why do we not then learn from a 'Kal va'Chomer' (from
shaving, which has exceptions) that wine demolishes thirty days of Nezirus?
could we not have rejected the Kashya from the fact that someone who shaves
a Nazir is Chayav like the Nazir himself, whereas someone who feeds a Nazir
wine is not?
Answers to questions
(a) The Tana of our Mishnah discusses the Dinim of shaving regarding a Nazir
who became Tamei. His procedure is described clearly in the Torah.
would he normally shave and when would he bring his Korbanos?
(b) If he postponed shaving until the eighth day, Rebbi Akiva permits him to
bring his Korbanos on the same day. Rebbi Tarfon queries him from the Din of
Metzora (which initially, follows the same procedure as a Nazir Tamei).
What did Rebbi Tarfon hear about a Metzora who did not shave until the
eighth day? From whom did he hear it?
(c) What distinction does Rebbi Akiva draw between a Metzora and a Nazir
Tamei to answer Rebbi Tarfon's Kashya?
(d) How does this explain why a Metzora is obligated to wait until the ninth
day whilst a Nazir is not?
(a) What does Hillel (ha'Katan) quoting a Beraisa, say about a Nazir who
shaved on the eighth day?
(b) What are we trying to prove from there?
(c) How do we know that Hillel is talking about a Nazir Tamei and not a
(d) Rava establishes the Beraisa when he did not Tovel on the seventh day
either (whereas Rebbi Akiva speaks when he did).
How does this enable us
to establish the Beraisa even like Rebbi Akiva?
(a) The Torah writes in Metzora (in connection with the Korbanos that the
Zav brings on his eighth day) "*u'va'Yom ha'Shemini Yikach ... u'Va Lifnei
Hashem* el Pesach Ohel Mo'ed, u'Nesanam el ha'Kohen".
What does the
Beraisa comment on this Pasuk?
(b) What did the companions of Rav Nasan bar Hoshaya extrapolate from the
Tana's comment (regarding a T'vul-Yom)?
(c) What are the ramifications of this statement? Are they confined to a Zav
who saw three times (and who is obligated to bring Korbanos), or does it
even apply to a Zav who saw only twice?
(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Bo "Vayikach Moshe es Atzmos Yosef
(b) Sha'ar Nikanor is the extremity of Machaneh Levi'ah.
Where exactly is
Sha'ar Nikanor situated?
(c) What is the significance of the Sha'ar Nikanor with regard to Mechusrei
Kaparah (see Rashi)?
(a) On the understanding that the companions of Rav Nasan bar Hoshaya base
their statement on the Lashon "*u'Va Lifnei Hashem* (as we pointed out
earlier), what does Abaye extrapolate from the Pasuk (written in connection
with a Tamei Nazir) "u'va'Yom ha'Shevi'i Yavi Sh'tei Sorim ... *ve'Heivi
Keves ben Sh'naso le'Asham*"?
(b) What Kashya does this pose on the companions of Rav Nasan bar Hoshaya?
(c) In which point does Abaye now dispute the statement of the companions of
Rav Nasan bar Hoshaya? How will he explain the Pasuk "*u'va'Yom ha'Shemini
Yikach ... u'Va Lifnei Hashem* el Pesach Ohel Mo'ed ... " (and that of
u'va'Yom ha'Shevi'i Yavi Sh'tei Sorim ... *ve'Heivi Keves ben Sh'naso
le'Asham*"). See Rosh until the end of the Sugya?
(d) Then from where does the Tana of the Beraisa learn that until he has
Toveled and waited for nightfall, the Zav is forbidden to enter the Machaneh
(a) Even though a T'vul-Yom who saw twice is permitted to enter the Machaneh
Levi'ah, a T'vul-Yom who saw three times is not.
Answers to questions
Why is that?
(b) Seeing as the Pasuk in Metzora (" ... u'Va Lifnei Hashem") is speaking
about the Machaneh Levi'ah, why is it referred to as "Ohel Mo'ed" (which is
normally reserved for the Machaneh Shechinah)?
(c) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Chukas ...
- ... "Tamei Yih'yeh"?
- ... "Od Tum'aso Bo"?