(Permission is granted to print and redistribute this material
as long as this header and the footer at the end are included.)


prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

Previous daf

Nazir 43


(a) Rebbi Yochanan just established the 'Tum'ah u'Bi'ah' of Rabah Amar Rav Huna (for which the Nazir will be Chayav two sets of Malkos) when they warned him not to enter a house in which a dead person lay (mentioning both the La'av of "Lo Yitama" and of "Lo Yavo").
On what basis does he become Tamei for touching the corpse (bearing in mind that if we are speaking when he actually touched it, he will already have been Tamei from the time he entered the house in which case he is 'Mechulal ve'Omed)?

(b) At which stage does the Tum'ah of Bi'ah come into effect?

(c) What problem does this create with Rebbi Yochanan's answer?

(a) How do we refute the suggestion that it is speaking when he entered the house ...
  1. ... with his arms at his sides, in which case both Tum'os come into effective simultaneously?
  2. ... with his head upright so that his body entered first?
(b) Why do we not establish the case when he walked in backwards?

(c) Which Kashya could we have asked on all the initial explanations that would have disproved them all?

(d) How does Rav Papa finally establish Rabah Amar Rav Huna? How does the Nazir enter the house in a way that the Tum'ah and the Bi'ah come at the same time? How will he be Chayav Malkos, seeing as he didn't do anything?

(a) Mar bar Rav Ashi even finds a case where the Nazir walked into the house under his own steam, yet he is Chayav for Tum'ah and Bi'ah simultaneously.
What is the case?

(b) What does ...

  1. ... the Tana Kama of the Beraisa learn from the Pasuk "Leheichalo" (Emor, in connection with Kohanim)?
  2. ... Rebbi there learn from the Pasuk in Naso (written in connection with Nazir) "Lo Yitamei Lahem be'Mosam"?
(c) According to Rebbi Yochanan, the Machlokes is purely a matter of mechanics (from which Pasuk to derive it); otherwise, the two opinions do not argue.
What does Resh Lakish say?
(a) What does ...
  1. ... the Tana Kama of the above Beraisa learn from "be'Mosam"?
  2. ... Rebbi learn from "Leheichalo"?
(b) And from where does the Tana Kama learn the S'vara of 'Mechulal ve'Omed'?
(a) What does the Tana of another Beraisa say about a person who is cut up or who is a Go'ses?

(b) What do we ask from this Beraisa on Resh Lakish?

(c) How could we easily have answered the Kashya?

(d) How do we in fact, answer it?

(a) Bearing in mind that we rule like Rebbi Yochanan against Resh Lakish, which important Halachah concerning Tum'as Kohanim emerges from this Sugya?

(b) The text of the Behag however, creates a problem with this ruling.
How does the text of the Behag read?

(c) What would then be the Halachah according to him?

Answers to questions



(a) What does Rav Chisda Amar Rav learn from the Pasuk in Emor (written in connection with a Kohen Hedyot) "le'Aviv"?

(b) What did Rav Chisda reply when Rav Hamnuna asked him whether this would also apply to someone whose father was walking in a robber-infested valley and whom robbers decapitated?

(c) We query Rav Chisda's answer from a Beraisa, which describes a Meis Mitzvah as 'Kol she'Ein Lo Kovrin' (whereas 'Kor'in, va'Acheirim Onin Oso, Ein Zeh Meis Mitzvah').
How do we initially interpret this?

(d) How do we finally explain it, to resolve Rav Hamnuna's Kashya?

(a) Is a Kohen permitted to bury a Meis if there are Yisre'eilim who are non-relatives in the vicinity?

(b) Then how will we account for the Sugya in Yevamos which permits a Kohen to bury his wife who is a Ketanah should she die, even though she has relatives who could do it?

(c) If she is not really a Meis Mitzvah, then how could Chazal enact a Takanah permitting a Kohen to perform an Aveirah (seeing as we normally assume their powers to be limited to transgressing negatively, but not positively)?

(a) What does the Tana of the Beraisa learn from the Pasuk in Emor (written in connection with a Kohen's deceased unmarried sister) "Lah Yitama"?

(b) But have we not already learned this from "le'Aviv" (see Gilyon ha'Shas)?

(c) What does the Tana mean when he concludes 'Aval Machzir Hu al Etzem ki'Se'orah'?

(a) We reconcile this Beraisa with Rav Chisda Amar Rav who Darshened above "le'Aviv", 'bi'Z'man she'Hu Shalem, ve'Lo bi'Z'man she'Hu Chaser', by establishing the current Beraisa like Rebbi Yehudah.
What does Rebbi Yehudah say?

(b) How can we establish the Reisha of the Beraisa like Rebbi Yehudah, when Rebbi Yehudah's statement in fact, comprises the Seifa?

(c) In another Beraisa quoted by Rav Kahana, the Tana Darshens "Lah Yitama" like the Tana in the previous Beraisa, but he adds the case of a 'k'Zayis Natzal' and a 'M'lo Tarvad Rekev' to that of '(P'rat li')k'Zayis min ha'Meis'.
What is ...

  1. ... a 'k'Zayis Natzal'?
  2. ... a 'M'lo Tarvad Rekev'?
(a) The Tana does obligate a Kohen however, to render himself Tamei for the skull and spine of his sister, as well as 'Rov Binyanah, ve'Rov Minyanah'.
From where does he learn this?

(b) What is the meaning of ...

  1. ... Rov Binyanah (see Rashi)?
  2. ... Rov Minyanah?
(c) How do we know that this extends to the six other relatives that a Kohen is obligated to bury?

(d) How do we reconcile Rav with *this* Beraisa?

(a) Rav actually holds like the Tana of another Beraisa, which cites the story of Rebbi Yitzchak (or Rebbi Tzadok ha'Kohen) whose father died. What did they come to ask Rebbi Yehoshua ben Elisha and the four elders who were with him, three years later?

(b) What did he reply?

Answers to questions

Next daf


For further information on
subscriptions, archives and sponsorships,
contact Kollel Iyun Hadaf,