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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Nazir 40


(a) Rav Chisda says 'Lilkos be'Achas' meaning that a Nazir receives Malkos for shaving even one hair.
What does he mean when he says ...
  1. ... 'Le'akev bi'Shetayim'?
  2. ... 'Listor, Eino Soser Ela be'Rov Sa'aro'?
  3. ... 'u've'Ta'ar'? To which of the three above-mentioned-cases does this pertain?
(b) Does Rav Chisda mean specifically a razor?

(c) What is the source for these Halachos?

(d) Rebbi Shimon ben Yehudah in the name of Rebbi Shimon disagrees with the Tana Kama regarding the last of the three Halachos ('Listor, Eino Soser Ela be'Rov Sa'aro').
What does he say?

(a) What do a Nazir, a Metzora and the Levi'im in the desert have in common?

(b) Seeing as the Torah obligates them all to shave, why does the Tana find it necessary to state 'Sheloshah Megalchin'?

(c) There is no specific Pasuk in the case of Metzora.
Why can we not learn it with a 'Binyan Av' from ...

  1. ... the Levi'im?
  2. ... a Nazir?
(d) Is it correct to say that the Mitzvah of waving does not pertain to a Metzora at all?
Answers to questions



(a) On what grounds do we refute even the suggestion that we learn Metzora from a combination of Nazir and the Levi'im? What leniency does Metzora have over them?

(b) How did Rava reconcile this Beraisa with the Beraisa that we quoted earlier, which declines to learn the Din of razor by a Nazir from a Metzora (implying that we know it by a Metzora and not by a Nazir)?

4) In the Mishnah in Makos, the Rabbanan restrict the prohibition of shaving one's beard to shaving it with a razor.
What does Rebbi Eliezer say?


(a) What do they learn from the combination of the two Pesukim "u'Fe'as Zekanam *Lo Yegaleichu*" (written in connection with the Kohanim in Emor), and "*ve'Lo Sashchis* es Pe'as Zekanecha" (written in connection with every Jew in Kedoshim)?

(b) How do the Rabbanan know that (in spite of the above La'av) a Kohen who is a Metzora must nevertheless shave his beard?

(c) Considering that the prohibition for Kohanim to shave their beards with a razor is also an Asei ("Kedoshim Yih'yu") as well as a Lo Sa'aseh, and bearing in mind the principle 'Ein Asei Docheh es Lo Sa'aseh va'Asei', why does the Asei obligating a Metzora to shave override the La'av of "Pe'as Zekanam Lo Yegaleichu" together with "Kedoshim Yih'yu"?

(a) How do the Rabbanan know that "Zekano" comes to *obligate* the Metzora to shave his beard with a razor exclusively, rather than to *permit* him to do so, without precluding a plane or tweezers?

(b) Which 'Isur' is the 'Kal va'Chomer' referring to?

(c) According to the Rabbanan, how can we make a 'Kal va'Chomer' from Nazir assuming that he is obligated to shave with a razor, when in the Beraisa on the previous Daf, the same Rabbanan knew about the Metzora's obligation to shave with a razor before they knew about that of a Nazir?

(a) This proof is refutable however, on the grounds that we cannot learn a Kohen Metzora from a Nazir Yisrael.
Why not?

(b) What other objection might we have to learning a Kohen Metzora from a Nazir?

(c) The second (irrefutable) proof that the Metzora is obligated to use a razor is from Resh Lakish's principle.
What is Resh Lakish's principle?

Answers to questions

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