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Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Nazir 38

NAZIR 38 - Anonymously dedicated by an ardent supporter who wants to have the Zechus of spreading Torah throughout the world.


(a) To which Isurim might Rebbi Avahu Amar Rebbi Yochanan be referring when he states 'Kol Revi'iyos she'ba'Torah Ein Heter Mitztaref le'Isur'?

(b) He concludes 'Chutz me'Revi'is she'be'Nazir'.
In which point does he disagree with Rebbi Avahu Amar Rebbi Yochanan, who said the same thing with regard to all Isurim in the Torah?

(a) Rebbi Elazar lists ten 'Revi'iyos'.
How does Rav Kahana categorize them?

(b) The Si'man for the five red ones is 'Nazir, ve'Oseh Pesach, she'Horu, ba'Mikdash, u'Meisu'. 'Nazir' refers to a Revi'is wine for which a Nazir is Chayav.
Is this unanimous?

(c) What is meant by the Si'man of ...

  1. ... 've'Oseh Pesach'?
  2. ... 'she'Horu'?
  3. ... 'ba'Mikdash'?
(d) The last of the five refers to one Revi'is of blood that drained from two dead people.
How do we extrapolate this from the Pasuk in Emor "ve'Al Kol Nafshos Meis Lo Yavo"?
(a) And the Si'man for the white ones is 'Chalas, Nazir, u'Metzora, she'Nifselu, be'Shabbos'. The first of these is 'Revi'is Shemen le'Chalah', referring to the three kinds of Chalos of a Todah: regular Chalos, bread scalded in boiling water and wafers.
How many loaves were there of each kind?

(b) How was the half-Log of oil divided among the three kinds of loaves?

(c) 'Nazir' refers to the Revi'is Shemen le'Nazir'.
How many kinds of loaves did the Nazir have to bring?

(d) How much oil was used for each kind of loaf?

4) What is meant by the Si'man of ...
  1. ... 'u'Metzora'?
  2. ... 'she'Nifselu'?
  3. ... 'be'Shabbos'?
(a) What does the Mishnah in Yadayim 'me'Revi'is Notlin le'Yadayim le'Echad va'Afilu li'Shenayim' mean?

(b) Why did Rebbi Elazar not include it in his list?

(c) Then why did he include 'Nazir' ('Revi'is Yayin le'Nazir'), even though Rebbi Akiva disagrees?

(d) For the same reason, he does not include the Mishnah in Sotah, where, according to Rebbi Yehudah, the Kohen placed a Revi'is of water into an earthenware cup for the Sotah to drink, and the Mishnah in B'rachos, where Rebbi Zakai requires a Revi'is of water in a chamber-pot in order to Daven. What does the Tana Kama say ...

  1. ... in the Mishnah in Sotah?
  2. ... in the Mishnah in B'rachos?
(a) What is the case of Mikveh which Rebbi Elazar appears to have omitted?

(b) Why did he omit it?

(c) Why did he omit the Din of a fountain comprising a Revi'is of water, which is fit to Tovel small objects?

(d) Was a person initially permitted to Tovel in a fountain that contains less than forty Sa'ah?

Answers to questions



(a) The Tana Kama of our Mishnah states 've'Eino Chayav ad she'Yochal min ha'Anavim k'Zayis'. We initially establish this statement like Rebbi Akiva (whose opinion is mentioned later).
What will be the Shiur by liquids according to him?

(b) And what will the Rabbanan say?

(c) How does one measure ...

  1. ... a k'Zayis of liquid?
  2. ... a Revi'is of solid?
(d) On what grounds do we reject the contention that the Tana Kama holds like Rebbi Akiva?
(a) How do we finally establish the Tana Kama's statement 've'Eino Chayav ad she'Yochal min ha'Anavim k'Zayis'? Like whom does he hold?

(b) In which case do Rebbi Akiva and the Rabbanan then argue?

(c) What does Rebbi Akiva learn from the Pasuk "va'Anavim Lachim vi'Yeveishim Lo Yocheil"? How does he learn it from there?

(a) The Torah writes "va'Anavim Lachim vi'Yeveishim Lo Yocheil".
What are "Anavim Yeveishim"?

(b) The Torah could have written just "va'Anavim Lo Yocheil".
What do we learn from the excessive Lashon?

(c) We extend this to all Isurei Nazir, including fresh wine and grapes. What is the Chidush? Why is this any different than grapes and raisins?

(d) But surely this too is explicit in the Pasuk "mi'Yayin ve'Sheichar Yazir (which Unklus translates as 'fresh and old wine') ... va'Anavim ... Li Yocheil"? So why does the Tana find it necessary to include it?

(a) According to Abaye, a Nazir who ate either grape-pits or grape-skins receives two sets of Malkos; one for "me'Chartzanim (or ve'ad Zag) Lo Yocheil".
What is the other one?

(b) How many sets of Malkos will he then receive for eating grape-skins and grape-pits?

(c) What does Rava say?

(a) According to Abaye, how many sets of Malkos will someone receive for eating a k'Zayis of grapes, of raisins, of pits, of skin and of fresh grape-juice all within one warning?

(b) In that case, why does the Tana of the Beraisa state 'five'?

(c) We then search for at least one additional omission.
Why can we not consider old wine and vinegar, which the Tana omitted, as that additional omission?

(d) Which La'av does the Tana omit according to Abaye?

(a) We then conclude that this is not really an omission at all, seeing as we are only concerned with La'avin that are peculiar to Nezirus, whilst "Bal Yacheil" pertains to other Nedarim as well.
Why is it necessary to make this point in order to ask on Abaye?

(b) Ravina mi'Parzika asked Rav Ashi from Bein ha'Beinayim, which the Tana omits.
On whom is he asking?

(c) If Bein ha'Beinayim means small grapes (like Rabeinu Tam maintains), the Kashya is clear, seeing as the Tana does indeed omit these sort of grapes from his list (though it is then unclear how this differs from old wine and vinegar which, as we explained earlier, is not considered a Shiyur anyway). But if it pertains to the flesh between the skin and the pits (which is included in 'Anavim'), what is the Kashya?

(a) On account of the previous Kashya (from 'Bein ha'Beinayim'), we amend the text of the Beraisa ('Lokeh Chamesh').
How does the Beraisa now read?

(b) Then on what basis did Rav Papa read it as 'Lokeh Chamesh' when querying Abaye?

(c) What is the meaning of ...

  1. ... 'Purtzanin'?
  2. ... 'Itzurin'?
(d) Then like whom does Unklus translate "me'Chartzanim ve'Ad Zag" 'mi'Purtzanin ve'Ad Itzurin' hold?
Answers to questions

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