(Permission is granted to print and redistribute this material
as long as this header and the footer at the end are included.)


prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

Previous daf

Nazir 12


(a) Rav Yitzchak bar Yosef Amar Rebbi Yochanan that if someone asks his Sheli'ach to betroth a woman on his behalf, and the Sheli'ach dies, he is forbidden to all women in the world.
Why is that?

(b) In that case, we ask, why should anyone subsequently be permitted to marry any woman at all, seeing as she may be the one whom the Sheli'ach betrothed.
Why can we not answer, using Rabeinu Tam's ruling, that a woman is believed to say that she is not betrothed?

(c) So what do we answer? What is the underlying reason of the basic ruling?

(d) We just said that mi'd'Oraysa, even the Meshale'ach is permitted because we go after the majority of women? Why do we not apply the principle 'Kol Kavu'a ke'Mechtzah al Mechtzah'?

(a) A Zav, a Zavah and a Yoledes are obligated to bring a pair of birds.
What is the difference between a Kan S'tumah and a Kan Mefureshes?

(b) What must the owner do if one of the birds flew away or died?

(c) What would be the Din if it was a Kan Mefureshes and one of them flew away or died (and he did not know which one - Tosfos [DH 'Kan S'tumah] is speaking when he did)?

(a) Resh Lakish asked Rebbi Yochanan how, if the bird flew away, anyone would be permitted to use any birds for a Kan? Why are we not afraid that it came from Reuven's Kan, so how can Shimon use it.
What did he answer him?

(b) But did we not learn earlier that Chazal restricted the penalty to the owner for his carelessness, so why do we not go after the majority and permit Shimon to use the bird?

(c) Why, at the end of the day, is a woman more Kavu'a than a bird?

(a) In which case does Rebbi Yochanan concede that the Meshale'ach is subsequently permitted to get married?

(b) And when does he permit him to marry even a woman who has a sister who may just be the woman that the Sheli'ach betrothed to him? Why is that?

(c) We learned in our Mishnah that if a man declared Nezirus and that he would shave another Nazir, and his friend said 'va'Ani ve'Alai Legale'ach Nazir, that, if they are smart, they should shave each other ... .
What problem does this present with what we just learned?

(d) How do we amend Rebbi Yochanan's reason (for permitting the Meshale'ach to marry the woman who had a married sister at the time when he appointed the Sheli'ach)?

(a) How do we then justify appointing a Sheli'ach to separate Chalah from flour before it has been kneaded with water to become a dough, since he himself would not be able to separate Chalah from it now?

(b) On what grounds is he able to do this?

(c) Then why do we not permit it purely on the basis of 'be'Yado'?

Answers to questions



(a) According to Rebbi Yonasan in a Beraisa, if someone asks his agent to annul all the Nedarim that his wife declares up to the time that he returns from a trip, the agent may do so, on the basis of 'Shelucho shel Adam Kamoso'.
What does Rebbi Yashiyah say?

(b) What does another Beraisa say about a husband upholding (himself) all the Nedarim that his wife declares up to the time that he returns from a trip?

(c) As for annulling those Nedarim, Rebbi Eliezer holds 'Harei Hein Mufarin'.
What do the Chachamim say?

(d) What problem does this now create with Rebbi Yochanan's principle (that whatever one cannot do oneself, one cannot appoint a Sheli'ach to perform)?

(a) How do we resolve the above problem?

(b) If Rebbi Yashiyah holds like Rebbi Eliezer, why does the husband bother to appoint a Sheli'ach to annul the Nedarim that his wife is going to declare? Why does he not just do it himself before leaving the house?

(c) Then why does he not annul the Nedarim that she is going to declare ...

  1. ... from now on, immediately?
  2. ... after his departure, immediately?
(a) 'Harei Alai Legale'ach Chatzi Nazir, ve'Shama Chaveiro ve'Amar 'va'Ani ... .', Rebbi Meir holds that each one of them must shave a whole Nazir (and bring all his Korbanos).
What do the Chachamim say?

(b) What does Rava say regarding a case where the Noder said ...

  1. ... 'Chatzi Korbanos Nazir Alai'?
  2. ... 'Korbenos Chatzi Nazir Alai'?
(c) What is the reason for the latter Din?

(d) What is the reason of ...

  1. ... Rebbi Meir (in our Mishnah)?
  2. ... the Chachamim?
(a) If someone declares that he will be a Nazir if he has a son and his wife then gives birth to a son, he is a Nazir.
Is he a Nazir if she gave birth to ...
  1. ... a daughter?
  2. ... a Tumtum or Androginos?
(b) According to the Tana Kama (Rebbi Yehudah), he is not a Nazir if his wife has a still-born son who may have been a ninth month baby.
What does Rebbi Shimon say he should do?

(c) Should she give birth to another son later, according to the Tana Kama (Rebbi Yehudah), he is then a Nazir.
What does Rebbi Shimon say?

(d) What is the basis of their Machlokes?

Answers to questions

Next daf


For further information on
subscriptions, archives and sponsorships,
contact Kollel Iyun Hadaf,