POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous daf Nazir 57
1) SHAVING FOR A REVI'IS OF BLOOD
(a) Question: Which law (did R. Yehoshua say) was received?
***** PEREK SHNAI NEZIRIM *****
1. A Nazir shaves for a bone the size of a barley seed
- this is a tradition from Moshe from Sinai; R.
Akiva wanted to learn from this that he also shave
for a Revi'is of blood.
(b) Answer (Beraisa): A Nazir shaves for a bone the size of a
barley seed - this is a tradition from Moshe from Sinai,
and cannot be used in a Kal va'Chomer to teach that he
also shaves for a Revi'is of blood.
2. Or, that a Revi'is of blood imparts Tum'ah in a tent
is a tradition from Moshe from Sinai; R. Akiva
wanted to learn from this and the law that he shaves
for a bone the size of a barley seed, that he also
shaves for a Revi'is of blood.
2) WHEN IN DOUBT WHICH NAZIR IS TAMEI
(a) (Mishnah): A man said to 2 Nezirim: 'I saw that one of
you became Tamei, but I do not know which' They shave and
bring (collectively) the sacrifices of a Tahor Nazir and
a Tamei Nazir;
(b) One of them says, if I was Tamei - the sacrifices of a
Tamei Nazir were mine, and the sacrifices of a Tahor
Nazir were yours; if I was Tahor, vice-versa.
(c) They guard 30 more days of Nezirus, and bring the
sacrifices of a Tahor Nazir; they stipulate that these
sacrifices are for the one that was Tamei.
(d) Question: Since a 3rd person saw them, why do we conduct
as if unsure if each is Tamei?
1. The law of doubtful Tum'ah in a private domain (i.e.
we treat it as certain Tum'ah) is learned from
(e) Answer (Rabah bar Rav Huna): The observer saw from afar
Tum'ah thrown between the 2 Nezirim.
2. Just as there, only 2 are present, the law of
doubtful Tum'ah in a private domain only applies
when at most 2 are present!
3. When 3 are involved, we apply the law of doubtful
Tum'ah in a public domain (we treat it as certain
1. (Rav Ashi): The Mishnah supports this - it says, I
do not know (implying - I never knew) which of you
3) SHAVING WHEN IN DOUBT
(a) (Mishnah): They shave and bring sacrifices ...
4) WHO IS COMMANDED ON THE PE'OS?
(b) Version #1 - Question: Why may they shave (the 2nd time)
- the one that was Tahor, his 2nd shaving is not of
Nezirus, and he transgresses cutting the Pe'os!
(c) Answer (Shmuel): The case is, the Nezirim are women or
children (that have no prohibition of cutting the Pe'os).
1. Question: Why didn't Shmuel say, they can be men,
and one who cuts all the hair of his head does not
transgress the prohibition of cutting the Pe'os?
(d) Version #2 (Mar Zutra - Mishnah): A Nazir doubtfully
became Tamei (Mes), and was doubtfully an absolute leper
- he can eat Kodshim after 60 days, and shaves 4 times.
2. Answer: We deduce, Shmuel holds that one who cuts
all the hair of his head transgresses the
prohibition of cutting the Pe'os.
1. Question: Why may he shave 4 times (the 1st 2 as a
doubtful leper - perhaps he was not an absolute
leper, and), he transgresses shaving the beard! (The
text of Rashi and Tosfos).
(e) Answer (Shmuel): The case is, the Nazir is a woman or
child (for whom the prohibition of cutting the beard does
(a) (Rav Huna): One who cuts the Pe'os of a child is exempt.
1. Rav Ada bar Ahavah: Who cuts your children's Pe'os?
(b) Rav Huna and Rav Ada bar Ahavah agree that one who cuts
all the hair of his head transgresses the prohibition of
cutting the Pe'os.
2. Rav Huna: Chovah (his wife).
3. Rav Ada bar Ahavah: She should bury her children!
i. For the duration of Rav Ada bar Ahavah's life,
none of Rav Huna's children survived.
(c) Question: On what do they argue?
(d) Answer: Rav Huna connects "Do not round the corners of
your head" and "Do not destroy the corners of your beard"
- whoever is commanded about the beard is commanded about
1. Since women are not commanded about the beard, they
are not commanded about the Pe'os.
(e) Rav Ada bar Ahavah holds, the verse forbids cutting Pe'os
and having one's own Pe'os cut, and connects them.
1. Whenever the one whose Pe'os are being cut is
liable, the one cutting his Pe'os is liable.
2. Since a child is not punishable, one who cuts a
child's Pe'os is exempt.