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Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld

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Nazir 56


(a) (Beraisa): This applies to a 30 day Nezirus; if he accepted Nezirus for 1 year, he can eat Kodshim after 2 years, and drink wine and become Tamei after 4 years.
1. If days of leprosy count towards Nezirus, he should be able to drink wine and become Tamei after 3 years and 30 days (the 3rd shaving could be 30 days after the 2nd)!
(b) Question #2 (Rav Ashi - Beraisa). We know that days of Tum'as (Mes) do not count towards Nezirus;
1. Question: How do we know, also days of absolute leprosy?
i. Suggestion: Just as when he becomes Tamei, he must shave and bring sacrifices, also when he becomes an absolute leper; just as days of Tum'ah do not count, also of leprosy!
ii. Objection: We cannot learn from days of Tum'ah - they are more stringent, they nullify previous days, unlike leprosy!
2. Answer: We learn a Kal va'Chomer from one who accepted Nezirus while Tamei (Mes).
i. His hair is fitting to be shaved for Nezirus, yet his days of Tum'ah do not count - all the more so, an absolute leper, whose hair will not be shaved for Nezirus (rather for leprosy), his days do not count!
3. Question: How do we know that the 7 days of counting (after the plague goes away) do not count towards Nezirus?

4. Answer: Just as he must shave after absolute leprosy, also after the 7 days of counting; just as the former days do not count towards Nezirus, also the latter.
5. Suggestion: Perhaps this should also apply to days when the leper is closed off.
i. An absolute leper can make a vessel (designed to sit or lie on it) a source of Tum'ah (i.e. that vessel can impart Tum'ah to people and vessels) by sitting on it, also a closed off leper;
ii. Just as days of absolute leprosy do not count towards Nezirus, we should say the same by days of a closed leper!
6. Rejection: No - an absolute leper must shave and bring sacrifice, therefore his days do not count; but these do not apply to a closed off leper, so his days may count!
i. Days of absolute leprosy and the 7 days of counting do not count towards Nezirus, but days of a Zav or Zavah or closed leper do count!
(c) (Summation of question): The Beraisa said, days of Tum'ah nullify previous days, unlike leprosy.
1. Suggestion: If the case is a short Nezirus - he must grow 30 days of hair after purification from leprosy (so previous days would be nullified)!
2. Rather, it is a long Nezirus, and the Beraisa says that the days of absolute leprosy do not count.
(a) (Mishnah - R. Elazar, citing R. Yehoshua): Any Tum'as (Mes) for which a Nazir shaves, such a person gets Kares if he enters the Mikdash; Tum'os (of Mes) for which a Nazir does not shave, such a person is exempt if he enters the Mikdash;
(b) R. Meir says, such Tum'os are no more lenient than touching a rodent, and such a person gets Kares for entering the Mikdash!
(c) (Gemara) Question: R. Elazar did not learn this from R. Yehoshua, rather from R. Yehoshua bar Mamal!
1. (Beraisa): R. Elazar said, 'I heard R. Yehoshua ben Pasar say that one is liable for entering the Mikdash only for those Tum'os of Mes for which a Nazir shaves; R. Meir replied, even those for which he does not shave are no more lenient than Tum'ah of a rodent, for which one is liable for entering the Mikdash'!
2. R. Elazar (to R. Yehoshua ben Pasar): Are you familiar with R. Yehoshua bar Mamal?
3. R. Yehoshua ben Pasar: Yes - I received the above teaching from him, and he received it from R. Yehoshua.
(d) Answer: We learn from this, when a teaching was transmitted through 3 Chachamim, it suffices to mention the 1st and last.
(e) (Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak): This principle can also be seen from a Mishnah!
1. (Mishnah - Nachum ha'Lavlar): One who plants dill and mustard in 2 or 3 places must leave Pe'ah (a corner of the field for the poor) from each - this law I received from R. Miyosha, and he from my father, and he from the pairs (the Nasi and head of the Beis Din), and they from the prophets, and they from Moshe who received this on Sinai.
i. Yehoshua and Kalev are not mentioned, showing that one may omit intermediate steps in the chain.
(a) (Mishnah - R. Akiva): A bone the size of a barley seed does not impart Tum'ah in a tent, yet a Nazir shaves for touching or moving it - a Revi'is of blood, which imparts Tum'ah in a tent, Kal va'Chomer a Nazir should shave for touching or moving it!
(b) R. Eliezer: No, a Kal va'Chomer cannot use a tradition from Moshe from Sinai.
(c) R. Yehoshua: R. Akiva's logic is sound, but this is how the law was received.
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