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Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld

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Nazir 47


(a) (Mishnah - R. Eliezer): If a Nazir became Tamei after the blood of 1 of his sacrifices was thrown on the altar - all is nullified; Chachamim say, he brings the other sacrifices and becomes Tahor.
(b) Chachamim: There was a case of Miryam from Tarmud - after the blood of 1 of her sacrifices was thrown, they told her that her daughter was close to death. She went and found her dead - the sages ruled that she brings the other sacrifices and becomes Tehorah.
(c) (Gemara) Question: R. Eliezer says that all is nullified - but he holds that Tum'ah after the term of Nezirus only nullifies 7 days!
(d) Answer (Rav): Yes! When he says, all is nullified, this means the sacrifices.
1. Presumably, this is correct, for Chachamim argue and say that he brings the other sacrifices and becomes Tahor.
2. Also, they support their position from the episode of Miryam, in which the ruling was that she brings the remaining sacrifices.


(a) (Mishnah): A Kohen Gadol or a Nazir may not become Tamei when a relative dies, but he may become Tamei for a Mes Mitzvah;
(b) A Kohen Gadol and a Nazir found a Mes Mitzvah on the road. R. Eliezer says, the Kohen Gadol should become Tamei to bury him, not the Nazir; Chachamim say, the Nazir should bury him.
1. R. Eliezer: The Kohen should become Tamei, for he does not bring a sacrifice for becoming Tamei!
2. Chachamim: The Nazir should become Tamei, for his Kedushah is not permanent, but a Kohen's Kedushah is forever.
(c) (Gemara): When a Kohen Gadol and Nazir are together, the Tana'im in our Mishnah argue, which has precedence (and should not become Tamei).

(d) A Kohen Gadol anointed with the anointing oil, and a Kohen Gadol inaugurated only through wearing the additional garments of a Kohen Gadol - the former has precedence, for he brings a bull if he sinned because a mistaken ruling, but the latter does not;
(e) An anointed Kohen Gadol that once substituted for the Kohen Gadol on Yom Kipur, and a Kohen Gadol inaugurated via the additional garments - the latter has precedence, for he can serve in the Mikdash, and the former cannot.
(f) A Kohen that cannot serve because he is Tamei through an emission, and one that cannot serve because of a blemish - the former has precedence, for he can serve tomorrow, and the latter cannot.
(g) Question: The Kohen appointed for war (to speak to the soldiers), and the vice-Kohen Gadol - which has precedence?
1. Perhaps the former, for he serves a need in war.
2. Or perhaps the vice-Kohen Gadol, for he is fit to serve in the Mikdash.
(h) Answer (Beraisa): The only difference between a Kohen appointed for war and a vice-Kohen Gadol is that if they chance upon a Mes Mitzvah, the former becomes Tamei.
(i) Objection: But another Beraisa says that the Kohen appointed for war has precedence!
(j) Answer (Mitzvah): To sustain him, the war Kohen has precedence, for many depend on him; regarding Tum'ah, the vice Kohen Gadol has precedence.
1. (Beraisa - R. Chanina ben Antigonus): A vice Kohen Gadol is appointed, in case the Kohen Gadol will become Tamei (on Yom Kipur), the vice Kohen Gadol will serve in his place.
(a) Question: We see, if a Kohen Gadol or Nazir was alone, he may bury a Mes Mitzvah - how do we know this?
(b) Answer (Beraisa): "(A Kohen Gadol) will not come upon any dead souls" - what does the verse speak of?
1. Suggestion: If it teaches that he may not become Tamei for strangers - we know this from a Kal va'Chomer!
i. A regular Kohen may become Tamei for relatives, but not for strangers - a Kohen Gadol, who may not become Tamei for relatives, all the more so, not for strangers!
2. Rather, it teaches that he may not become Tamei for relatives.
3. "To his father" he may not become Tamei - but he may become Tamei for a Mes Mitzvah!
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