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Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld

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Nazir 3

NAZIR 3 (21 Tishrei, Hoshana Raba) - dedicated by Gedalyah Jawitz of Wantagh, N.Y., honoring the Yahrtzeit of his father, Yehuda ben Simcha Volf Jawitz.


(a) Answer: Yes - Even R. Elazar ha'Kapar only said that a Tamei Nazir is a sinner.
1. "The first days will fall" - since he must start counting Nezirus from scratch, he may come to transgress.
2. He does not consider a Tahor Nazir to be a sinner.
(b) (Mishnah): 'I am as this one' (he is a Nazir).
(c) Question: Even if he is holding his hair, 'As this one' has no meaning (Tosfos; some texts read, 'He did not say 'In this!'')!
(d) Answer (Shmuel): The case is, a Nazir passed in front of him.
(e) (Mishnah): I will Mesalsel (curl).
(f) Question: How do we know that Mesalsel refers to hair?
(g) Answer: Rebbi's slave rebuked a man - 'How long will you Mesalsel your hair'?
(h) Question: Perhaps he meant Torah, as it says, "Salselah and it will elevate you'!
(i) Answer (Shmuel): He was holding his hair when he said this.
(j) (Mishnah): I will Mekalkel.
(k) Question: How do we know that Mekalkel refers to hair?
(l) Answer (Mishnah - R. Yehudah): One is liable for transferring on Shabbos the amount of lime needed for a Kilkul.
1. (Rav): This is the temple (on the face).
(m) Question: Perhaps he meant, he will finance - "Yosef sustained his father and brothers"!
(n) Answer (Shmuel): He was holding his hair when he said this.
(o) (Mishnah): 'It is upon me Lishale'ach hair' - he is a Nazir.
(p) Question: How do we know that Shilu'ach means growing?
(q) Answer: "Shalchecha are as a pomegranate orchard".
1. Question: Perhaps it means sending off (cutting) - "Shole'ach (He sends) water ..."
2. Answer #1: There is a Gezeirah Shaveh "Hair-hair".
i. By Nazir, it says "He will grow his hair"; by Kohanim, it says, "They will not Yishlachu their hair" - we learn from Nazir that a Kohen may not grow his hair longer than 30 days.
3. Answer #2: The verse "Shole'ach water" also refers to growing!
i. When Hash-m waters plants, they grow!
(a) (Mishnah - R. Meir): If he says, 'It is upon me to bring Tziporin (birds)' - he is a Nazir.
(b) Question: What is R. Meir's reason?
(c) Answer #1 (Reish Lakish): The man referred to birds associated with hair, as in the verse "His hair grew as eagle's wings, his nails as a bird's claws".
1. R. Meir holds, a person vows using a word near (in a verse) the word he intends to vow about.

2. Chachamim say, a person does not do this.
3. (R. Yochanan): All agree, a person does not vow using a word near the word he intends to vow about.
(d) Answer #2 (R. Yochanan): R. Meir's reason is, he suspects the person meant Nezirus, for which a person brings birds if he becomes Tamei.
(e) Question: If R. Meir is unsure - perhaps the person meant a voluntary sacrifice of birds - why is he is Nazir?
(f) Answer: If the person meant a voluntary bird offering, he would have said Ken (the language normally used for this), not Tziporin.
(g) Question: Perhaps the person meant birds used in the purification of a Leper!
(h) Answer: The case is, a Nazir passed in front of him when he vowed.
(i) Question: Perhaps he meant to supply the birds that a Tamei Nazir must bring?
(j) Answer: A Tahor Nazir passed in front of him (it is unreasonable to say that he accepted to bring his birds if he should become Tamei).
(k) Question: In what law do R. Yochanan and Reish Lakish argue?
(l) Answer: If he accepted to bring birds close to (in the verse) hair.
1. According to R. Yochanan - he is only a Nazir if a Nazir passed in front of him at the time.
2. According to Reish Lakish, he is a Nazir even if a Nazir did not pass in front of him.
(m) Question: Does anyone really hold that a person does not vow using a word near the word he intends to vow about?
1. (Beraisa): One who says, right (hand) - this is an oath.
i. Suggestion: He refers to the oath nearby - "He raised his right hand...and swore".
(n) Answer: No - he refers to Hash-m's right hand; this itself is language of an oath.
1. (Beraisa): One who says, 'right hand' - this is an oath - "Hash-m swore by his right hand".
2. One who says, 'left hand' - this is an oath - "And in his left hand, strength".
(a) (Mishnah): 'I am a Nazir from grape skins, from grape pits, from shaving, (or) from Tumah' - all laws of Nezirus apply to him.
(b) (Gemara): The Mishnah is unlike R. Shimon.
1. (Beraisa - R. Shimon): One is only a Nazir if he vows to abstain from all 3 prohibitions; Chachamim say, even if he only vows from 1 of them.
(c) Question: What is R. Shimon's reason?
(d) Answer: "From anything made out of grapevines, from grape skins to grape pits."
1. Chachamim learn from "From wine and strong drink he will vow to abstain".
(e) Question: How does R. Shimon explain this verse?
(f) Answer: It teaches that a Nazir is forbidden to wine of a Mitzvah just as regular wine.
1. Question: What is wine of a Mitzvah?
2. Answer #1: Wine of Kiddush and Havdalah.
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