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Nazir 61

NAZIR 61, 62 - The preparation of the study material for these Dafim was supported by a grant from the Memorial Foundation for Jewish Culture, for which the Kollel is grateful.

1) [line 6] NASHA - a medicinal salve made from the sap of a plant, which causes hair to fall out

*****PEREK #9 HA'KUSIM*****

2) [line 14] KUSIM
(a) The King of Ashur brought the people of Kusa to Eretz Yisrael and made them settle in the Shomron. They converted to Judaism after they found themselves under attack from lions. The Chachamim disagree as to whether their conversion was honest and valid (Geirei Emes) or not (Geirei Arayos).
(b) After the times of the Mishnah, the Kusim were found worshipping an image of a dove and the Chachamim gave them the status of Nochrim. (According to most Rishonim, this means that they decided to treat them like Nochrim l'Chumra, even if they were Geirei Emes. According to the RAMBAM (Peirush ha'Mishnayos), however, this means that they decided that their conversion was not sincere and deemed them Nochrim (Geirei Arayos) for all Halachic matters.)
(c) The name of this Perek was changed by the Censors from the word *ha'Nochrim* or the like, and the Halachos discussed in it do not only apply to the Kusim.

3) [line 16] KOFEH ES AVDO - forces his slave [to violate his (the slave's) Nezirus]

Mitzvos which must be performed at a specific time of the day belong to the category called Mitzvas Aseh sheha'Zeman Gerama. Some examples are Sukah, Lulav, Shofar, Tefilin and Tzitzis. Women are exempt from these Mitzvos, with the exception of Kidush on Friday night, Matzah on Pesach night, the Korban Pesach, Hakhel, and Simchah on Pesach, Shavu'os and Sukos. (RAMBAM Hilchos Avodah Zarah 12:3)

5) [line 23] "...LE'SOR ISAR AL NAFSHO..." - "[If a man vows a vow to HaSh-m, or swears an oath] to bind his soul with a prohibition; [he shall not break his word, he shall do according to all that proceeds out of his mouth.]" (Bamidbar 30:3)

6) [line 28] ERCHIN
Erech (= endowment valuation) refers to a special form of vow. If a person declares, "Erech Ploni Alay" ("I accept upon myself to give the endowment value of so-and-so to Hekdesh"), he must give the specific value that the Torah designates for the person's gender and age group as stated in Vayikra 27:1-8 (see Chart below). It makes no difference at all whether the person is healthy or sick, strong or weak.

1 Mo. - 5 Yrs. 5 Shekels 3 Shekels
5 - 20 Yrs. 20 Shekels 10 Shekels
20 - 60 Yrs. 50 Shekels 30 Shekels
Over 60 Yrs. 15 Shekels 10 Shekels

7) [line 29] BENEI YISRAEL MA'ARICHIN - Benei Yisrael can vow to give the Erech of another person to Hekdesh

8) [line 30] YACHOL LO YEHU NE'ERACHIN - perhaps Nochrim cannot be "evaluated;" i.e. I might think that someone from Benei Yisrael cannot say about a Nochri, "I will give his Erech to Hekdesh"


9) [line 2] "V'ISH ASHER YITMA V'LO YISCHATA, V'NICHRESA..." - "But the man who shall be Tamei, and shall not purify himself, that soul shall be cut off from among the congregation, [because he has defiled the sanctuary of HaSh-m; the water of sprinkling has not been sprinkled upon him; he is Tamei.]" (Bamidbar 19:20)

10) [line 9] A"K - Amar Kra
11) [line 11] "V'HISNACHALTEM OSAM LI'VNEICHEM ACHAREICHEM..." - "And you shall hold onto them as a heritage for your children after you, [to give to your heirs as a possession; they shall be your slaves for ever; but your brothers, the people of Yisrael, you shall not subjugate with hard labor.]" (Vayikra 25:46)

12) [line 21] "...L'OLAH." - "[Speak to Aharon, and to his sons, and to all the People of Yisrael, and say to them, 'Anyone ("Ish Ish") of the House of Yisrael, or of the converts in Yisrael, who will bring his offering for any of his vows, or for any of his voluntary offerings, which they will offer to HaSh-m] as a burnt offering.'" (Vayikra 22: 18) - Rebbi Yosi ha'Gelili learns from the word "l'Olah" that even though Chazal teach that this verse allows Benei Yisrael to accept Korbanos as vows and voluntary offerings from the Nochrim, they may not accept Korbenos Nezirus from them.

13) [line 23] NEZIRUS OLAM
(a) If someone says "I am a Nazir forever" or "I am a Nazir all the days of my life", he becomes a Nezir Olam and is a Nazir until the end of his life. Like a normal Nazir, he is not allowed to cut his hair, to become Tamei by touching or being in the same room as a corpse, or to consume any products of the grapevine.
(b) A Nezir Olam differs from a normal Nazir in that he may cut off his hair at the end of every twelve months (or 30 days or 7 days, according to some Tana'im, Nazir 4b) when his hair becomes heavy. (According to TOSFOS (ibid.) he does not shave off his hair completely at this time.) On the day that he cuts his hair, he brings the three Korbanos that a normal Nazir brings at the completion of the Nezirus period; a Chatas, an Olah and a Shelamim (see Background to Nazir 60:3a). If he becomes Tamei, he brings a Korban Tum'ah, shaves his hair and starts his Nezirus anew (just like any Nazir who becomes Tamei -- see Background to Nazir 60:2a and RAMBAM Nezirus 3:12)

14) [line 29] HALACHAH HI B'NAZIR - it is a Halachah l'Moshe mi'Sinai in the Halachos of Nazir [(a) and a Halachah l'Moshe mi'Sinai only applies to Benei Yisrael; (b) and it is not intuitive that an exclusion of the verses should apply to a Halachah l'Moshe mi'Sinai -- TOSFOS DH v'Eima]

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