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Nazir 51

NAZIR 51 - May the Zechus of dedicating this Daf bring a Refu'as ha'Nefesh and Refu'as ha'Guf for Menachem Yitzchak ben Raila Kushner; may he merit to see yet more grandchildren and great-grandchildren grow up in Eretz Yisrael and live a life of Torah. Dedicated by his children.

1) [line 2] ARON SHEL SHAYISH - a marble coffin
2) [line 4] LEVENIM - bricks
3) [line 6] GIDIM - sinews
4) [line 13] GALGALIN - (a) something that nullifies something else (RASHI to Nidah 27b); (b) something that is dragged along with something else (ARUCH, cited by TOSFOS) (other versions of this word exist : *GILGELIN*, *GANGILON* and *GALGILON*)

5) [line 26] HA'AKEV - (a) the heel (that has an abundance of lifeless flesh) (TOSFOS); (b) the lower half of the body, from the loins downward (ARUCH) (which is not the main part of the body -- MEFARESH)

6) [line 27] REKEV HA'BA MI'KULEI MES - that is, Rekev that comes from all of the flesh *that once had life in it* (TOSFOS)

7) [line 31] DILMA DERECH AKEV KA'ASI - that is, perhaps some of the Rekev comes from the Akev

8) [line 36] UBAR YERECH IMO
There is a Machlokes whether "Ubar Yerech Imo" - "a fetus is no more than a thigh of its mother" (i.e. it is only to be considered as a part of its mother) -- or if the mother and its fetus are considered to be two different entities.


9) [line 1] KEIVAN D'LO IT'TZAR - that is, since the embryo has not yet formed [from the Shichvas Zera]

10) [line 3] PIRSHAH - her feces
11) [line 3] KEIVAN D'LO MEKAIMA BED'LO ACHLAH - since she cannot exist without eating

12) [line 9] D'ASHKEYEI MEI DEKALIM - the deceased was given three cups to drink (while he was living) from the water of Mei Dekalim, a certain spring in Eretz Yisrael that emanates from the base of two palm trees

13) [line 9] V'SACHYA NASHA - and Nasha (a medicinal salve made from the sap of a plant which causes hair to fall out) was smeared on his body [*before* he was boiled in Mei Teverya -- TOSFOS]

14) [line 10] V'SHALKO B'MEI TEVERYA - and boiled him in the Teverya Hot Springs after his death (to loosen his skin -- TOSFOS)

15) [line 10] NAKTINAN - we have a tradition
16) [line 15] TEFUSAH - [when an unknown grave is discovered,] the "Tefusah," or the Afar ha'Ticho'ach (loose earth underneath the dead body) and three finger-breadths of Karka ha'Besulah (ground that has never been turned, that is under the Afar ha'Ticho'ach), [is dug up with the body for proper burial]

(a) When three as yet unknown graves are discovered, they constitute a Shechunas Kevaros (lit. a settlement of graves), and one must suspect that the area was once a cemetery. It is prohibited to remove the bodies (under normal circumstances).
(b) In order to be designated as a Shechunas Kevaros, the graves must be separated by four to eight Amos. The area around them within a radius of twenty Amos from the outermost graves must be checked for other graves. If a grave is found, the area beyond that grave must be checked within a radius of twenty Amos, also. If no other graves are found, the area within the last twenty-Amah radius is Tahor.
(c) If one of the three bodies was missing a limb, the graves do not get the status of a Shechunas Kevaros. This may be a Halachah l'Moshe mi'Sinai (TOSFOS) or evidence that the person was buried in a makeshift grave by his murderers (SEFAS EMES). Similarly, the presence of other evidence that the bodies were not given a proper burial precludes the status of a Shechunas Kevaros. Some examples: many bodies buried in a mass grave; bodies that were buried in a sitting position or with their heads between their knees; bodies that were obviously murdered (GEMARA Nazir 64b-65a, RAMBAM Hichos Tum'as Mes 9:1-5).

18) [line 21] SHUM MES - the general concept (lit. name) of the dead [in which Rekev forms if the body was whole]

19) [line 30] NEMALAH - an ant
20) [line 30] SHI'URA - the amount [that one needs to be liable for eating it, i.e. a *complete* creature] (TOSFOS, MEFARESH)

21) [last line] BIRYAH - (a) a creature [that can live without the small amount that is missing] (TOSFOS); (b) a creature [of which the majority is considered as the whole] (MEFARESH)

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