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Nazir 20

1) [line 1] MISHUM AVIRA GAZRU ALEHA - the Chachamim decreed that the airspace of Chutz la'Aretz should also be Tamei (see Background to Nazir 19:8)

2) [line 3] KANISNA - we penalize
3) [line 14] B'YOM MELOS - on the day of the completion of his Nezirus
4) [line 27] B'MONEH - when the witnesses enumerate (a) the years (MEFARESH); or (b) the periods of Nezirus (TOSFOS) that he accepted upon himself


5) [line 1] CHAMIRTA AMAR RAV, KILTA LO AMAR?! - (a) Rav already said this law in a stringent case [where there were two groups of witnesses (brought in the Yerushalmi Sanhedrin 5:2)]; is it not obvious that he also rules as such in a lenient case [where there were only two witnesses]?! (MEFARESH);
(b) According to the Girsa, CHAMIRTA AMAR, KILTA LO KOL SHE'KEN? - Why is this considered a contradiction? The witness who said "three, four, five" mentioned the periods of Nezirus that are a stringency, i.e. that are in addition to the testimony of the first witness. However, included in his words are the years that are lenient ("one, two") and they do not argue (TOSFOS, see ROSH)

*****PEREK #4 MI SHE'AMAR*****

(a) A Neder can be made by "connecting" an object that is permitted to another object that is prohibited, such as a Korban. This is referred to as a Neder performed through "Hatfasah." (See Insights to Nedarim 2:2.) Similarly, the Hatfasah of Nezirus occurs when one "connects" himself to another Nazir with words such as, "I am like him."
(b) Our Mishnah records a situation in which one person says, "Hareini Nazir" ("I am a Nazir"). Others who heard him and wished to accept Nezirus upon themselves stated, "And I." The Gemara discusses whether they all connected themselves to the original Nazir or to each subsequent Nazir.

7) [line 16] B'SOCH KEDEI DIBUR
"Toch Kedei Dibur" is the length of time that it takes for a student to say a greeting to his teacher (e.g. "Shalom Alecha Rebbi"). "K'dibur Dami" means that within this small amount of time, we view an act or speech as not yet completed and still continuing. Thus, even though the person has, with regard to his actions, already stopped performing the act, within this amount of time he may act or say something that will abrogate his previous actions or words. For example, if a person sells an object and changes his mind within Toch Kedei Dibur, the sale is nullified.

8) [last line] TUV LO SHAVKAS RAVCHA L'SALMIDA - you do not leave time for a student [whose Rebbe is passing before him to accept Nezirus by "connecting" himself (through Hatfasah) to a person who has just accepted Nezirus upon himself with the words, "Hareini Nazir."] (TOSFOS, ROSH)

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