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Previous daf Nazir 9
*****PEREK #2 HAREINI NAZIR*****
1) [line 1] GEROGEROS - dried figs
2) [line 1] DEVEILAH - a cake of pressed figs
3) [line 7] EIN ADAM MOTZI DEVARAV L'VATALAH
Rebbi Meir is of the opinion that a person does not utter words for no
purpose; therefore, when a person's statement seems to be nonsensical, we
"read into" his words a more plausible explanation.
4) [line 9] BI'GEMAR DEVARAV ADAM NITPAS (TEFOS LASHON RISHON / BI'GEMAR
DEVARAV ADAM NITPAS)
(a) Tefos Lashon Rishon means, "The first statement is the only one that we
regard seriously." That is, if a person says two consecutive statements that
have contradictory Halachic ramifications, yet he expresses no desire to
rescind the first of the two, we assume that he decided to add the second
statement only *after* having pronounced the first. Therefore, the first
statement remains valid, and the second one is ignored.
(b) The term for the dissenting opinion is bi'Gemar Devarav Adam Nitpas ("A
person is caught or bound by his last words"). There is a Machlokes Rishonim
with regard this opinion. The RAN (Nedarim 26a) writes that this opinion
holds that the second statement categorically revokes the first statement.
Therefore, the second statement is valid and the first one is ignored. The
ROSH and RASHI (Pesachim 53b DH Rebbi Shimon) write that the dissenting
opinion holds that "*Af* bi'Gemar Devarav Adam Nitpas," i.e. the person
originally *intended* to make *both* statements, thinking that they weren't
Halachically contradictory. According to this opinion, both statements are
valid and we find some compromise between the two.
5) [line 14] L'ITSHULEI HU D'KA'ASI - he regrets his vow of Nezirus [and is
*similar* to a person who asks a Chacham to annul his vow]
6) [last line] SHE'LO HISNADEV K'DERECH HA'MISNADVIM
If a person makes a donation or a pledge in an unusual way, he
subconsciously does not really intend to donate anything after all.
7) [line 10] LEVONAH - frankincense or oliban; a gum resin from trees of
Arabia and India. The gum is yellowish and semi-transparent, with a bitter
nauseous taste. It is hard and capable of being pulverized, producing a
strong aromatic odor when burned. A handful of Levonah was placed on top of
a Minchah (meal-offering), and was later offered on the Mizbe'ach
8) [line 26] MASNISIN KESHISEI - the Mishnah in Menachos is difficult for
him, i.e. the language of that Mishnah compels him to say this explanation
9) [line 36] TEFOS LASHON RISHON (TEFOS LASHON RISHON / BI'GEMAR DEVARAV
See above, entry #4.
10) [last line] MINCHAS HA'OMER
(a) There is a Mitzvah to bring the Korban ha'Omer on the second day of
Pesach. A large quantity of barley is reaped after nightfall after the first
day of Pesach. At this time the grain is still moist, and the process of
extracting one Omer (approximately 2.5 or 4.3 liters, depending upon the
differing Halachic opinions) of barley flour is extremely difficult. The
flour is baked and offered as a Korban Minchah on the 16th of Nisan. It is
also referred to as the Minchas Bikurim -- Vayikra 2:14-16).
(b) In addition, a lamb is offered as an Olah, as it states in Vayikra
(c) The Korban ha'Omer is the first offering of the new grain of the year,
and as such it removes the prohibition against eating from the new grain.