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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Moed Katan 24

MOED KATAN 24, 25 - anonymously dedicated by an Ohev Torah and Marbitz Torah in Ramat Beit Shemesh, Israel.


(a) Rebbi Yochanan asked Shmuel whether Aveilus applied on Shabbos or not. What did he reply?

(b) What did Rav Papa comment when the Rabbanan declared 'Aveil she'Shimesh Mitaso, Chayav Misah'?

(c) Shmuel learned this from a Pasuk in Shemini.
What does the Pasuk say there?

(d) What happened to that man who could not restrain himself from Tashmish ha'Mitah during Aveilus?

(a) Shmuel said 'Pa.Cha.Z. Chovah, Ne.Se.R. Reshus'.
What did he mean by 'Pa.Cha.Z. Chovah'? When does this apply? What is the reason for it?

(b) 'Ne.Se.R.' stands for 'Ne'ilas ha'Sandal, Tashmish ha'Mitah and Rechitzas Yadayim ve'Raglayim be'Chamin Arvis'.
Why are these too not obligatory, like the first set?

(c) Rav disagrees with Shmuel regarding P'ri'as ha'Rosh. According to him, P'ri'as ha'Rosh is *not* obligatory on Shabbos, since some people cover their heads anyway, even when they are not Aveilim.
On what grounds does Shmuel hold that it *is*? Why should it be any different than wearing shoes, which not everybody does on Shabbos (and which is therefore not obligatory for an Aveil)? What is the Shiur of Atifas Yishme'eilim?

(d) Under which condition does Rebbi Yochanan permit an Aveil to cover his head on Shabbos, even according to Shmuel, who normally requires uncovering it?

(a) When is the time to tear Kri'ah, according to Shmuel?

(b) Then why did he himself tear twelve garments when he heard that Rav had died?

(c) Who else tore twelve fine woolen garments for the same reason? For whom was *he* tearing K'ri'ah?

(d) How do we reconcile Shmuel's statement with the Beraisa quoted by Rav Amram, which states that whenever an Aveil changes his clothes during the Shiv'ah, he is obligated to tear K'ri'ah again?

(a) What is the Din regarding wearing on Shabbos ...
  1. ... the garment that one tore for one's parents?
  2. ... a fresh garment that has not yet been torn? Is he now obligated to tear K'ri'ah after Shabbos?
(b) Rav Oshaya's father and Bar Kapara argue over the Din with regard to the additional tears that he makes later for his parents.
What is their Machlokes?

(c) Rav Oshaya holds that the garment may not be re-sewn.
What do we try to prove from there (regarding the above Machlokes)?

(d) How do we refute that proof?

(a) What is the significance of Rava's statement, that an Aveil may wear a torn garment in the house on Shabbos?

(b) Abaye asked Rav Yosef why, as an Aveil, he covered his head with a Sudar in the house on Shabbos.
What did he reply?

(a) Rav Gidal bar Menashyah Amar Shmuel rules like Raban Gamliel in our Mishnah with regard to Rosh Hashanah and Yom-Kipur.
What did Raban Gamliel say?

(b) Others quote Rav Gidal bar Menashyah with regard to the Beraisa in Semachos, which deals with the burial of a little baby.
How is a baby of less than thirty days that dies, carried to the Beis Olam?

(c) According to the Tana Kama, he is buried with one woman and two men. Why not two women and one man?

(d) What does Aba Shaul say? On what grounds does he argue with the Tana Kama (See Tosfos DH 'Aba Shaul').

Answers to questions



(a) In which of the above points does the burial of a baby of *more* than thirty days who dies differ than the one that we just described?

(b) In which other three ways do the Halachos of the two babies differ?

(c) We just learned that the latter baby is buried in a casket.
How should he be carried?

(a) In which way does the burial of a baby of more than twelve months differ from one of more than thirty days?

(b) According to Rebbi Akiva, for a baby to be buried on a bed (or a divan) requires *two* conditions.
What are they?

(c) When do many people ...

  1. ... participate in the Levayah, according to Rebbi Shimon ben Elazar?
  2. ... deal with his burial, according to Rebbi Elazar ben Azaryah?
(a) With regard to a Hesped for a baby, Rebbi Meir quoting Rebbi Yishmael, says that one eulogizes the son of poor parents from the age of three years, of wealthy parents, from five.
What does Rebbi Yehudah say in Rebbi Yishmael's name?

(b) Like whom does Rav Gidal bar Menashyah Amar Rav rule?

(c) Why the difference between the son of poor parents and the son of rich ones?

(d) What does the Tana say about the son of elderly parents?

(a) If someone dies before Shavu'os, how many days of Sh'loshim are accounted for when Isru-Chag Shavu'os arrives?

(b) Why was Rebbi Ami upset with Rav Anani Bar Sason, when he Darshened this Halachah in front of the entrance to the house of the Nasi?

(c) From where do we know that Shavu'os has seven days of Tashlumin?

(d) How many days of Sh'loshim will be accounted for the day after Yom-Tov, if someone dies the day before ...

  1. ... Rosh Hashanah?
  2. ... Sukos?
(a) What did Ravina reply, when Rav Chaviva from Sura di'P'ras asked him whether he had really said that the day before Rosh Hashanah plus Rosh Hashanah accounted for fourteen days of the Sh'loshim?

(b) According to the Tana of our Mishnah, what do the three Mitzvos of K'ri'ah, Chalitzah (uncovering one's shoulders) and Havra'ah (providing the first meal after the burial) have in common (on Chol ha'Mo'ed)?

(c) On what does one serve the Se'udas Havra'ah on Chol ha'Mo'ed?

Answers to questions

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