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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Moed Katan 23

MOED KATAN 22 & 23 (19-20 Cheshvan) - dedicated in memory of Chaim Mordechai ben Harav Yisrael Azriel (Feldman) of Milwaukee by his family.


(a) During the first week of Aveilus, the Aveil may not leave his house. Which two changes take effect during the second week, when he goes to Shul?

(b) From the fourth week and onwards, he is like everybody else.
What is his Din during the third week?

(c) According to Rebbi Yehudah, Chazal would not have needed to instruct an Aveil not to leave his house during the *first* week, since people are visiting him all the time.
In that case, what *did* they say?

(a) Until when is marriage forbidden to an unmarried Aveil whose father or mother died?

(b) According to the Tana Kama, an Aveil whose wife dies is forbidden to re-marry until after three Yamim-Tovim have passed.
What does Rebbi Yehudah say?

(c) He is permitted to re-marry immediately if he has no children, in order to fulfill the Mitzvah of 'P'ru u'Revu'.
What did Yosef ha'Kohen say to his deceased wife's sister immediately after his wife's burial?

(d) When did he actually marry her?

(a) The Tana Kama of the Beraisa forbids ironing, irrespective of whether the clothes are old or new.
What does Rebbi say?

(b) Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Shimon is even more lenient.
What does he say?

(c) When Abaye was an Aveil, he went out during the Sh'loshim with a n old ironed coat (because he held like Rebbi).
What did Rava do when he was an Aveil? Like whom did *he* hold?

Answers to questions



(a) The B'nei Yehudah and the B'nei Galil argue over whether Aveilus (i.e. things that are normally performed discreetly - see Tosfos DH 'Yesh') applies on Shabbos or not. The one proves that it *does*, from the fact that the Tana of our Mishnah says 'Shabbos Oleh'.
How does his disputant prove that it does *not*?

(b) How does the ...

  1. ... second opinion explain the Tana's statement 'Oleh'?
  2. ... first opinion explain the statement 'Einah Mafsekes'?
(c) In another Beraisa, the Tana Kama obligates an onen on Shabbos to Bensch and to participate in the Mezuman.
How does Rebbi Yochanan interpret Raban Gamliel's statement: 'Mi'toch she'Nischayev be'Eilu, Nischayev be'Chulan'? What does 'Chulan' come to include?

(d) We suggest that the Tana Kama holds 'Yesh Aveilus be'Shabbos', and Raban Gamliel holds 'Ein Aveilus be'Shabbos'.
Why might ...

  1. ... the Tana Kama concede that (even though an onen is forbidden to indulge in Tashmish ha'Mitah) an Aveil is *permitted*?
  2. ... Raban Gamliel concede that he is *forbidden*?
(a) Where should an Onen eat?

(b) What should he do if there is ...

  1. ... no other room in the house to go?
  2. ... no other house for him to go?
  3. ... nothing with which to make a Mechitzah?
(c) What should he not ...
  1. ... do whilst eating?
  2. ... eat?
(d) Does he ...
  1. ... recite a B'rachah before or after eating?
  2. ... participate in 'Mezuman'?
  3. ... recite K'ri'as Shema, Daven or put on Tefilin?
  4. ... perform any other (positive) Mitzvah?
Answers to questions

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