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Moed Katan 13

MOED KATAN 13 - sponsored by Yeshayahu (Jason) Schmidt (originally of West Hempstead, N.Y.), a talmid of Rabbi Kornfeld.


(a) If someone deliberately postpones for Chol-ha'Mo'ed, a job that he could have accomplished before Yom-Tov, Beis-Din will confiscate it. Rebbi Yirmiyah asked Rebbi Zeira whether this fine extends to his children, should the perpetrator die before the fine has been paid.
Why might this fine *not* do so, despite the fact that the fine that Chazal imposed on ...
  1. ... a Kohen for chipping off part of the ear of his animal Bechor *does*?
  2. ... someone who sold his slave to a Nochri *does*?
(b) Independent of the two above cases, what are the two sides to our She'eilah? Why might the fine extend to the culprit's son, and why might it not?

(c) We resolve our She'eilah from a statement made by Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Chanina (with regard to someone who fertilized his field in the Sh'mitah-year and died).
What did Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Chanina say there?

(a) Is the prohibition of fertilizing one's field in the Sh'mitah an Isur d'Oraysa or de'Rabbanan?

(b) If someone rendered his fellow-Jew's food Tamei, Chazal obligated him to pay. Why is his son Patur from paying if his father died before he had a chance to do so?

(a) For which two reasons is one permitted to purchase a house, a slave or an animal on Chol ha'Mo'ed?

(b) Rava asked Rav Nachman whether one may also hire a worker on the sole basis of his having nothing to eat for Yom-Tov.
How do we try to prove that one may, from the Lashon of our Mishnah 'O le'Tzorech ha'Mocher she'Ein Lo Mah Yochal'?

(c) On what grounds do we reject this proof?

(d) How does Abaye resolve the She'eilah from the Beraisa concerning writing documents of debt on Chol ha'Mo'ed, which is basically forbidden? What does the Beraisa say?

(a) On what grounds does the Beraisa in Pesachim permit the following craftsmen to work on Erev Pesach until mid-day ...
  1. ... tailors?
  2. ... barbers and laundrymen?
(b) Based on the obvious inference regarding other Melachos, what does Rav Sheishes ask from here on Abaye, who permits (in 3d.) writing documents on Chol ha'Mo'ed if the Sofer has nothing to eat for Yom-Tov?

(c) What do Rav Papa and Ravina respectively, ask on Rav Sheishes regarding ...

  1. ... the Melachah of building on Erev Pesach?
  2. ... a Sofer on Erev Pesach?
(d) What principle does Rav Ashi teach us that differentiates between the Isur of Chol ha'Mo'ed and that of Erev Pesach, and that answers Rav Sheishes Kashya (in 4b.)?
(a) One may not transport vessels from one house to another on Chol ha'Mo'ed.
What does the Tana of our Mishnah permit in this regard?

(b) One may not bring home vessels from the repair-man on Chol ha'Mo'ed (assuming that one does not need them for Yom -Tov).
What does one do if he does not trust the repairman (whom he fears will charge him for the work a second time)?

(c) Is one permitted to transport vessels from a house in one Chatzer to another Chatzer?

(a) What did Rav Papa answer, when Rava tested his Talmidim and asked them how our Mishnah can forbid bringing home one's vessels from the repair-man, when another Beraisa expressly permits it?

(b) How do we initially try to establish even the Beraisa which permits it on Chol ha'Mo'ed?

Answers to questions



(a) Why does the Tana of the Beraisa permit fetching a jar from the pottery and a cup from the glass-blower, but not wool from the dyer or vessels from the repair-man?

(b) The Tana permits paying the repair-man for his work if he doesn't have what to eat for Yom-Tov, but he must leave the vessels by him. We have already learned in our Mishnah that, if he does not trust him, he may take the vessels to a third Chatzer.
What if he is afraid that they may get stolen from there?

(c) In the second answer (at the end of Amud 1) we established even the Beraisa which permits bringing vessels from the repair-man, on Chol ha'Mo'ed.
What is the problem with this (from another Halachah mentioned in the Beraisa)?

(d) How do we deal with this Kashya?

(a) The Tana Kama permits covering drying figs with straw. Rebbi Yehudah is even more lenient.
What does he say?

(b) Sellers of fruit, clothes and vessels may sell what is required for Yom-Tov, but they must do so discreetly.
Why is that?

(c) The Tana Kama permits hunters and wheat and bean-threshers to do their work discreetly on Chol ha'Mo'ed.
What does Rebbi Yossi say?

(a) Two interpretations of 'Mechapin' (Tana Kama) and of 'Me'avin' (Rebbi Yehudah) are quoted in the name of Rebbi Yochanan and Chizkiyah.
What does 'Me'avin' mean, if 'Mechapin' means ...
  1. ... to cover them thinly?
  2. ... to cover them even with a thick covering?
(b) Which opinion is borne out by a Beraisa?
(a) Rebbi Yossi says that the hunters and wheat and bean-threshers were strict with themselves. In light of the Tana Kama's statement, what are the two ways of understanding Rebbi Yossi?

(b) We resolve this She'eilah from the words of Rebbi Yossi himself in another Beraisa.
What does he say there (about the merchants of Teverya, the hunters of Acco and the wheat-grinders of Tzipori)?

(a) Abaye (in connection with the wheat-grinders of our Mishnah and the Beraisa) explains that 'Chilka' means breaking the wheat kernel into two, 'Targis', into three, and Tisni, 'into' four.
How does Rav Dimi interpret 'Chilka'?

(b) What is the problem with Rav Dimi from the Beraisa which rules that Chilka, Targis and Tisni are all subject to Tum'ah anywhere? What does 'anywhere' mean?

(c) We answer that the Beraisa speaks when the spelt was peeled.
How does that ...

  1. ... answer the Kashya?
  2. ... explain why it is called Chilka?
(d) The Beraisa says that someone who makes a Neder not to eat 'Dagan', is forbidden to eat dry Egyptian beans, but is permitted to eat wet ones. He is also permitted to eat rice, Chilka, Targis and Tisni.
Why is this a Kashya on Rav Dimi?
(a) Rav Huna permitted spice-merchants to sell spices as usual.
How do we reconcile this with the Beraisa, which restricts selling publicly to the last day of Chol ha'Mo'ed, when it is permitted because of the forthcoming Yom-Tov?

(b) How does a store that opens on to a colonnade differ from one that opens on to the street? What restrictions apply to the former but not to the latter?

***** Hadran Alach Mi she'Hafach *****

***** Perek ve'Eilu Megalchin *****


(a) Someone who arrives from overseas, a captive or a prisoner who were set-free, are all permitted to shave on Chol ha'Mo'ed. Apart from a Nazir and a Metzora who are becoming Tahor, to which other two cases does this concession apply?

(b) Apart from the previous Halachah, what do the following five have in common: Someone who arrives from overseas, a captive or a prisoner who were set-free, and someone who had his Cherem or his Neder released on Chol ha'Mo'ed.

(c) May one wash hand and bath-towels and barbers' cloths on Chol ha'Mo'ed?

(d) What do Zavin, Zavos, Nidos and Yoldos have in common regarding the Din of Chol ha'Mo'ed? Who else does the Tana incorporate in this list?

Answers to questions

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