ANSWERS TO REVIEW QUESTIONS
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Moed Katan 23
MOED KATAN 22 & 23 (19-20 Cheshvan) - dedicated in memory of Chaim Mordechai
ben Harav Yisrael Azriel (Feldman) of Milwaukee by his family.
(a) During the first week of Aveilus, the Aveil may not leave his house.
During the second week, when he goes to Shul - he changes his place and does
(b) From the fourth week and onwards, he is like everybody else. During the
third week - he may return to his place in Shul, but is still not allowed to
(c) According to Rebbi Yehudah, Chazal would not have needed to instruct an
Aveil not to leave his house during the *first* week, since people are
visiting him all the time. What they really said, according to him - is what
the Tana Kama said about the first, second, third weeks, but applied to the
second third and fourth weeks respectively. According to Rebbi Yehudah, it
is from the fifth week that the Aveil is like everybody else.
(a) It is forbidden for an unmarried Aveil whose father or mother died to
marry - until after the Sh'loshim.
(b) According to the Tana Kama, an Aveil whose wife dies is forbidden to
re-marry until after *three* Yamim-Tovim have passed - according to Rebbi
Yehudah, until after the *second* Yom-Tov.
(c) He is permitted to re-marry straight-away if he has no children, in
order to fulfill the Mitzvah of 'P'ru u'Revu'. Immediately after his wife's
burial, Yosef ha'Kohen asked his deceased wife's sister to come and look
after her sister's children (i.e. to marry him)?
(d) He actually married her - thirty days later.
(a) The Tana Kama of the Beraisa forbids ironing, irrespective of whether
the clothes are old or new. Rebbi restricts the prohibition to *new*
(b) Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Shimon is even more lenient. According to him -
only *new* clothes that are also *white* are forbidden.
(c) When Abaye was an Aveil, he went out during the Sh'loshim with an old
ironed coat (like Rebbi). When Rava was an Aveil - he went out with a new
red shirt (like Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Shimon).
(a) The B'nei Yehudah and the B'nei Galil argue over whether Aveilus (i.e.
things that are normally performed discreetly - see Tosfos DH 'Yesh')
applies on Shabbos or not. The one proves that it *does*, from the fact
that the Tana of our Mishnah says 'Shabbos Oleh'. His disputant proves that
it does *not* - from the fact that he says 'Einah Mafsekes'.
1. The second opinion explains - that the Tana says 'Oleh' in the Reisha,
only because he wants to say 'Einan Olin' in the Seifa (but not to teach us
(c) In another Beraisa, the Tana Kama obligates an onen to Bensch and to
participate in the Mezuman on Shabbos. Rebbi Yochanan interprets Raban
Gamliel's statement: 'Mi'toch she'Nischayev be'Eilu, Nischayev
*be'Chulan'* - to include Tashmish ha'Mitah.
2. The first opinion explains - that the Tana says 'Einah Mafsekes' in the
Reisha, only because he wants to say 'Mafsikin' in the Seifa (like we
explained in the previous question).
(d) We suggest that the Tana Kama holds 'Yesh Aveilus be'Shabbos', and Raban
Gamliel holds 'Ein Aveilus be'Shabbos'.
1. The Tana Kama might concede however, that an Aveil is *permitted* to
indulge in Tashmish ha'Mitah - because his Meis is not lying in front of him
(like he is in the case of an onen).
2. Raban Gamliel, on the other hand, might concede that he is *forbidden* to
do so - because whereas, in the case of an onen, Aveilus has not yet come
into effect, in the case of an Aveil, it has.
(a) An onen should eat in another room (not in the room where the Meis is
(b) If there is ...
1. ... no other room in the house for him to go - then he should eat in the
house of a friend.
(c) He should not ...
2. ... no other house for him to go - then he should make a Mechitzah
between him and the Meis.
3. ... nothing with which to make a Mechitzah - then he just turns round and
1. ... lean whilst eating.
(d) He does not ...
2. ... eat meat or drink wine.
1. ... recite a B'rachah before or after eating.
2. ... participate in 'Mezuman'.
3. ... recite K'ri'as Shema, Daven or put on Tefilin.
4. ... perform any other (positive) Mitzvah.