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Moed Katan 18

1) [line 3] ISRA BEI MILSA - a close relative died
2) [line 4] L'MISH'AL TA'AMA MINEI - to comfort him
3) [line 4] TUFREI - his nails
4) [line 5] D'HAVU NEFISHAN - that they were grown long
5) [line 5] SHAKALT - cut
6) [line 10] CHAVTINHU L'APEI - he threw them down to the ground in from of him (and picked them up afterwards -- RASHI)

7) [line 11] BRIS KERUSAH LA'SEFASAYIM - a covenant has been made with the lips that the words that they utter come true

8) [line 19] GENUSTEREI - nail scissors
9) [line 26] TZADIK - a person who is meticulous in keeping Mitzvos but has to wage a constant battle with his Yetzer ha'Ra to do so

10) [line 27] CHASID - a person who has raised himself to a level where he is meticulous in keeping Mitzvos and he does them naturally

11) [line 29] MICHANSHEI - gather
12) [line 30] AVRAI - outside
13) [line 31] CHAMESAN - a city in the Galilee, not far from Teveryah (Megilah 2b), that contained hot springs (Shabbos 109a), probably on the location of the modern-day *Chamei* Teveryah (Tiberius Hot Springs). Alternatively, Chamas Gader, an ancient city near the Kineret, that contains hot springs and lies below the Jordanian city of Ummqeis, which is reputed to be the Biblical "Gadara" (see Eruvin 61a).

14) [line 35] SAFRA - (a) the scribe; (b) the teacher
15) [line 35] MI'ZAVIS L'ZAVIS - from one end of the mouth to the other
16) [line 36] HA'ME'AKEVES - that hinders
17) [line 37] AMAH - [he was] one Amah [tall]
18) [line 38] PARMASHTEKO - his male organ
19) [line 38] ZERES - (a) the distance between the tips of the thumb and the smallest finger in a spread hand, or half of an Amah (3 Tefachim), approximately 24 cm (9.45 in) or 28.8 cm (11.34 in), depending upon the differing Halachic opinions (RAMBAM Klei ha'Mikdash 9:6); (b) others say that a Zeres is 1/3 of an Amah, approximately 16 cm (6.3 in) or 19.2 (7.56 in), depending upon the differing Halachic opinions (R. Eliezer ha'Kalir quoted by TOSFOS Eruvin 21a DH Echad)

20) [line 39] AMGUSHI - (a) a magician; (b) a missionary who entices others to sin
21) [line 44] METANFEI - and they are dirty
22) [last line] KELEI PISHTAN - linen clothes
23) [last line] MITPECHOS HA'YADAYIM - hand towels
24) [last line] MITPECHOS HA'SAPARIM - barbers' robes


25a) [line 4] MESHICHLEI - tubs
b) [line 4] D'MANEI KISNA - filled with linen garments
26) [line 7] KIDUSHEI NASHIM - a document containing the words, "Harei At Mekudeshes Li" ("Behold you are betrothed to me"). One of the ways to betroth a woman is to hand her such a document (Mishnah Kidushin 2a)

27) [line 8] SHOVRIN - receipts
28) [line 8] DAITIKEI - wills
29) [line 8] PEROZBULIN (PROZBOL) - a document containing the details of a declaration made in court, to the effect that the laws of the Shemitah year in which all loans are cancelled shall not apply to the loans in question

30) [line 8] IGROS SHUM - (a) documents of assessment of property from an estate that is being divided among the heirs (RASHI); (b) documents of assessment of the property of a debtor that is to be taken away and given to the creditor

31) [line 9] IGROS MAZON - documents that state that a husband accepts upon himself the support of his wife's daughter from her first marriage

32) [line 9] SHETAREI CHALITZAH - a document that states that the wife and the brother of the deceased performed Chalitzah in front of Beis Din
(a) If a married man dies childless, his widow must undergo Yibum (the marriage of a dead man's brother with his wife), as it states in Devarim 25:5-10.
(b) If the brother chooses not to marry her, he must perform Chalitzah (a procedure in Beis Din that absolves her of the Mitzvah of Yibum - ibid.). He appears before a Beis Din of three and states, "I do not want to marry her," after which his sister-in-law approaches him before the elders, takes off his right sandal and spits in front of him. She then declares, "This is what shall be done to the man who will not build up a family for his brother," and she is then free to marry whomever she wants.

33) [line 9] MI'UNIM (MI'UN)
If a man marries off his daughter when she is a minor, the marriage is considered a Torah marriage. If the father dies, the girl's mother, along with her oldest (adult) brother, may marry her off, but this marriage is only mid'Rabanan. In this case, before she has the signs of being a Na'arah (when two hairs grow), she has the option of annulling the marriage. This annulment is called Mi'un. (A girl who is married off by her father cannot annul the marriage through Mi'un.)

34) [line 10] SHETAREI BEIRURIN - documents containing decisions of Beis Din that apportion the shares under dispute among the litigants

35) [line 10] GEZEROS BEIS DIN - verdicts of Beis Din
36) [line 10] IGAROS SHEL RASHUS - (a) edicts and documents written by the authorities (RASHI); (b) according to the Girsa IGAROS SHEL *RESHUS* - letters written between friends asking their welfare (YERUSHALMI). The RAMBAM explains that it is permitted to write these letters because people do not write them with exactness. Accordingly, it is only permitted if they are necessary for the Mo'ed (TOSFOS YOM TOV). According to the RA'AVAD, writing them is permitted because the writer might not find someone to deliver them after the Mo'ed and it is therefore a Davar ha'Aved.

37) [line 14] SHETAREI KIDUSHIN - a document containing the words, "Harei At Mekudeshes Li" ("Behold you are betrothed to me"). One of the ways to betroth a woman is to hand her such a document (Mishnah Kidushin 2a)

38) [line 15] SHETAREI PESIKTA - documents that state how much each of the in-laws agree to give for their children's marriage

39) [line 21] MEYABMIN (YIBUM)
See above, entry #32

40a) [line 21] L'ARES (ERUSIN) - to get engaged
b) [line 24] LISA (NISU'IN) - to marry
41) [line 26] KONSIN - (lit. to bring them in [to the wedding canopy]) to marry
42) [line 31] B'RACHAMIM - through prayer
43) [line 46] "VA'YACHPE'U..." - "And the people of Israel did secretly those things that were not right against HaSh-m, [and they built for themselves high places [for Avodah Zarah] in all their cities, from the watchtower to the fortified city.]" (Melachim II 17:9)

44) [line 47] "VA'YEKAN'U..." - "And they envied Moshe in the camp, and Aharon the holy one of HaSh-m." (Tehilim 106:16)

(a) A Sotah is a woman who is suspected of committing adultery because she was warned by her husband not to seclude herself with a certain man and she violated the warning. The process of warning her in front of witnesses is called Kinuy. The witnesses who see her seclude herself with the suspected adulterer are called Eidei Stirah. The time of seclusion must be at least for the time that it takes to roast an egg and swallow it. The woman is forbidden to her husband until she drinks Mei Sotah (see (c), below).
(b) The husband must bring his wife to the Beis ha'Mikdash, along with a sacrifice consisting of 1/10 of an Eifah (approx. 2 quarts) of barley meal as a Minchah offering. The Kohen reads Parshas Sotah, the portion of the Torah describing the curses with which a Sotah is cursed, out loud (in any language that the Sotah understands) and makes the Sotah swear that she has been faithful to her husband.
(c) An earthenware jug is then filled with half a Lug of water from the Kiyor, and dirt from the floor of the Azarah is placed on top of the water. Parshas Sotah (that contains numerous appearances of Hash-m's name) is written on parchment and then immersed in the water, causing the ink to dissolve. The Sotah would afterwards drink from the water. If she was unfaithful to her husband and had been defiled, the water would enter her body and poison her, causing her belly to swell out and her thigh to rupture. If she were faithful to her husband, she would remain unharmed and would become pregnant (Bamidbar 5:11-31). In times when there is no Mei Sotah such as in the present day, she must be divorced and does not receive her Kesuvah.

46) [line 50] KALA D'FASIK - a rumor that stops
47) [line 51] DUMEI D'MASA - the scandal of a town
48) [line 52] NAVAT - emerge
49) [line 54] SHETAREI CHOV - loan documents
50) [last line] SEFER EZRA - (a) the Sefer Torah that was written by Ezra that was kept in the Beis ha'Mikdash; (b) according to the Girsa SEFER *AZARAH* - the Sefer Torah located in the Azarah against which all other Sifrei Torah were compared to test their accuracy and correct them (and from which the Kohen Gadol read on Yom ha'Kipurim -- RITVA)

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