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Moed Katan 17

MOED KATAN 17 (October 24) - In honor of the birthday of Simcha Klein of Yonkers, NY, from the Leichmans of Teaneck, NJ. Ad Meah V'Esrim!

1) [line 5] MILEI DI'SHEMAYA - Heavenly matters, i.e. for the person's sins
2) [line 7] AVID DINA L'NAFSHEI - may exact judgement for himself, e.g. take back a stolen object that is in someone else's domain even if he has to hit the person (SHULCHAN ARUCH Choshen Mishpat 4:1)
b) [line 8] B'MILSA DI'PESIKA LEI - in a case about which he is certain of the verdict

3) [line 9] D'HAVU SANU SHUM'ANEI - about whom there were reports of disrepute
4) [line 11] MISCHIL - will be profaned
5) [line 17] ICHLASH - he became sick and was about to die
6) [line 17] L'SHIYULEI VEI - to visit him
7) [line 19] CHAYECH - he (Rav Yehudah) laughed; smiled
8) [line 22] BEDICHA DA'ATA'I - I feel cheerful, happy
9) [line 23] LO CHANIFI LEI - I did not flatter him
10) [line 31] ZIBURA - a bee
11) [line 31] V'TARKEI A'AMSEI - and stung him on his male organ
12) [line 32] SHACHIV - he died
13) [line 36] MACHI - hit
14) [line 39] RAMA BEI KALA - Reish Lakish called to him loudly
15) [line 43] USHA - a city in the western Galilee, that was one of the ten places to which the Sanhedrin was exiled

16) [line 43] SARACH - committed an offense, sinned
17) [line 44] HIKAVED V'SHEV B'VEISECHA - (a) act like a person who is very sick (lit. with a *heavy* head) and remain at home; (b) keep your *glory* and remain at home (based upon Melachim II 14:10)

18) [line 45] "V'CHASHALTA HA'YOM..." - "Therefore you shall fall in the day, and the prophet also shall fall with you in the night..." (Hoshea 4:5)

19) [line 49] MA'ARAVA - Eretz Yisrael
20) [line 49] MIMNU A'NEGIDA - (a) the scholars gather and vote when a scholar sins to the extent that he may be worthy of receiving Makos Mardus (RASHI); (b) the scholars gather in the presence of the most important Rav and must agree unanimously before they administer Makos Mardus (RIF)

21) [line 50] V'LO MIMNU A'SHAMTA - (a) but the scholars do not gather to vote when a scholar sins to the extent that he may be worthy of Niduy (excomunication), which is a more severe punishment. The degradation of the Torah that would be engendered by publicizing the event is considered far worse than the possible injustice that may be done should the Niduy be administered improperly. (RASHI); (b) but when a scholar sins to the extent that he may be worthy of Niduy, "Ein Cholkin Kavod la'Rav," i.e. the scholars do not gather in the presence of the most important Rav. Niduy is administered immediately. (RIF)

22) [line 50] MEHANYA BEI - and it is as beneficial
23) [line 50] KI TICHIYA B'TANURA - as oil that is spread on the surface of an oven, that seeps into the earthenware and never comes out (so, too, Niduy is beneficial to a person because the effect never wears off)

24) [line 54] SHADI SHAMTA A'GENUVTA D'CHALBA - [it is possible to] place a Niduy on the tail of a dog

25) [line 54] V'IHI, DIDAH AVDAH - and it (the Niduy) does its work, i.e. roots out the evil

26) [line 56] ALEMA - powerful person, violent person
27) [last line] MISTEFINA MINEI - I am afraid of him
28) [last line] SHEKILI PESICHA ALEI - take out a warrant against him; a summons to appear in court with a penalty of Niduy for noncompliance
29) [last line] SHAKLEI - take it (the warrant)
30) [last line] ACHTEI B'CHADA - and place it in a pitcher


31) [line 1] V'ACHTEI BEI KIVREI - and bring it to a cemetery
32) [line 1] V'KARI VEI - and blow [a Shofar] into it
33) [line 2] PAKA KADA - the pitcher burst
34) [line 4] TAVRA - why do they blow a Shevarim Teru'ah when they excommunicate a person (and not Teki'os -- NEMUKEI YOSEF)?

35) [line 4] TAVREI BATEI RAMEI - May the lofty houses be broken down
36) [line 24] TANA BARA - the Tana of the Beraisa

37) [line 25] MIKTZAS HA'YOM K'CHULO
In most cases where a count of days is required, part of the last day is considered Halachically as if it were the entire day.

(a) The Kohanim were divided into 24 shifts according to their families (Mishmaros), each of which served in the Mikdash for two weeks out of a year. The Mishmaros changed on Shabbos, when the outgoing Mishmar did the Avodah in the morning and the incoming Mishmar did the Avodah in the afternoon.
(b) Every Mishmar was further divided into six Batei Avos, with the Kohanim of each Beis Av serving on a different day of the week. On Shabbos, all the Batei Avos of the Mishmar did the Avodah together (RASHI Menachos 107b). Some contend that the Mishmaros were divided into seven, and not six, groups, and only one group served on Shabbos (RASHI Ta'anis 26a -- for more on this, see Insights to Shekalim 18:1).
(c) On the Shalosh Regalim (the holidays of Pesach, Shavu'os and Sukos) all of the Mishmaros Kehunah came to Yerushalayim to fulfill the Mitzvah of Aliyah l'Regel. At those times, Kohanim from any Mishmar were permitted to do the Avodah of the Regel.

39) [line 32] BI'SHELOSHA PERAKIM - three times, Pesach, Shavu'os and Sukos
40) [line 33] EIMUREI HA'REGALIM - [the portions given to the Kohanim from] the Korbanos that the Torah commands to bring on the festivals

*41*) [line 34] UV'CHILUK LECHEM HA'PANIM - (Although the Lechem ha'Panim was not one of the Korbanos of the Regel, the Gemara derives from a verse that it, too, was split among all of the Mishmaros during the Regel.)

42) [line 40] BESHE'TAKFUHU AVELAV - before his period of mourning ended, another close relative died and he found himself in another period of mourning

43) [line 42] MEIKEL B'TA'AR - he may lighten [the load of his hair by removing some of it] with a razor

44) [line 43] MISPARAYIM - a pair of scissors
45) [line 43] NESER - a kind of soil or stone that resembles chalk (O.F. nitre) (from natron, native carbonate of soda)

46) [line 43] OHEL - an alkaline plant; aloe

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