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Moed Katan 16

MOED KATAN 16 - dedicated by Mr. Avi Berger of Queens, N.Y. in memory of his parents, Pinchas ben Reb Avraham Yitzchak, and Leah bas Michal Mordechai.

(a) On the day that every Kohen begins his service in the Beis ha'Mikdash, he must bring a Korban Minchah that is the same as the Minchas Chavitin that the Kohen Gadol brings every day (Vayikra 6:12).
(b) The Minchah consists of 1/10 of an Eifah of wheat flour, made into twelve wafers or rolls. They were fried in olive oil in a flat pan after being boiled and baked. Half of the rolls were offered in the morning and half towards evening. They were completely burned on the Mizbe'ach (RAMBAM Hilchos Ma'aseh ha'Korbanos 13:2-4).

2) [line 3] BI'AH (BI'AS MIKDASH)
There are three Machanos (designated holy areas) within the city of Yerushalayim, corresponding to their respective areas in the Midbar:

(a) The entire area within the walls of Yerushalayim, excluding Har ha'Bayis, is Machaneh Yisrael. This area corresponds to the area of encampment of the twelve tribes in the Midbar. Machaneh Yisrael is off-limits to Metzora'im. Metzora'im are also forbidden to enter any walled city in Eretz Yisrael.
(b) The area between the Azarah and the wall encompassing Har ha'Bayis, including the Ezras Nashim, is Machaneh Leviyah. This corresponds to the area around the Mishkan, where the Leviyim encamped. This area is prohibited not only to Metzora'im, but also for Zavin, Zavos, Nidos and Yoldos.
(c) The entire area within the Azarah (i.e. the Ezras Yisrael and the Ezras Kohanim that contained the Beis ha'Mikdash, the Mizbe'ach, and various Lishkos or chambers -- not the Ezras Nashim) is Machaneh Shechinah (excluding the area under the gate to the Azarah known as Sha'ar Nikanor). This corresponds to the area of the Mishkan [within the Kela'im/curtains]. This area is even prohibited to a person who is Tamei Mes.

3) [line 4] MESHADRIN SHELICHA D'VEI DINA, U'MEZAMNINAN LEI L'DINA - Beis Din sends a messenger to tell a person to come to court (The Bach takes out the words, "u'Mezamninan Lei l'Dina," since the Gemara discusses this below, using another verse to prove it.)

4) [line 7] D'MEZAMNINAN L'DINA - that they (the Beis Din) tell the person to appear for a court case

5) [line 8] L'KAMEI GAVRA RABA - [to appear] before this particular Torah Sage
6) [line 9] AT U'FLANYA - you and so-and-so, the claimant
7) [line 10] "KAR'U SHAM..." - "They (the Bavlim) cried there, Pharaoh, the noisy king of Egypt, has let the appointed time go by." (Yirmeyahu 46:17) - The word "Sham" ("there") in this verse is used by the Gemara as a shortened version of the Aramaic term for Niduy, "Shamta" (see below, entry #25). As such, the Gemara shows that a second appointment is made for a person who lets the first appointed time pass.

8) [line 11] MISPAKER - acts disrespectfully [by reviling the messenger]
9) [line 11] V'ASI V'AMAR - and he (the Shali'ach) comes and tells [Beis Din]
10) [line 14] MACHREMINAN - Beis Din puts a person into Cherem
10) [line 14] D'ACHIL V'SHASI BAHADEI, V'KAI B'ARBA AMOS DIDEI - [and from where do we know that we also put in Cherem] a person who eats and drinks with him, and stands within four Amos of him?

11) [line 16] SHIFUREI - Shofaros
12) [line 19] NATZINAN - we contend [with them]
13) [line 19] LAITINAN - we curse
14) [line 20] MACHINAN - we hit
15) [line 20] TALSHINAN SE'AR - we tear out their hair
16) [line 21] VA'EMRETEM - and I had their hair torn out
17) [line 21] KAFTINAN - we bind his hands and feet
18) [line 21] ASRINAN - we tie him to a post
19) [line 21] AVDINAN HARDAFAH - (lit. we chase after him) i.e. we immediately put him into Niduy

20) [line 22] "...HEN L'MOS..." - "[And whoever will not obey the law of HaSh-m, and the law of the king, let judgment be executed upon him strictly,] whether for death, for banishment, for confiscation of goods, or for imprisonment." (Ezra 7:26)

21) [line 26] MASRIN BEI - we warn him
22) [line 27] AFKIRUSA - contempt of the Torah Law and the teachings of its scholars
23) [line 27] TABACHA - butcher
24) [line 27] IMNU - voted
25) [line 29] SHAMTUHU - they excommunicated him (Shamta is a contraction of the words Sham Misah, death is found there, or Shemamah Yiheyeh, there will be desolation -- Moed Katan 17a)

26) [line 29] LISHREI LEI? - [should we] absolve him of his excommunication?
27) [line 30] L'MEI'AL - to go to him [to buy meat]
28) [line 31] TUT ASAR V'TUT SHARI - a blast (of the Shofar) binds (proclaims excommunication) and a blast unbinds

29) [line 44] NEZIFAH (Rebuke)
(a) If a important Torah scholar rebukes someone and says "how Chatzuf (arrogant) is so-and-so" or something similar, then that person is called a Nazuf (SHULCHAN ARUCH Yoreh De'ah 334:14). Even if he only senses that the great person bears resentment in his heart against him, he must act as a Nazuf (REMA ibid.). The Nazuf should try to distance himself from people out of shame and should not show his face to the one who rebuked him. He should minimize his speech, laughter and business dealings, and show distress before everyone who sees him.
(b) However, the Nazuf is permitted to eat and drink with people, and to ask their welfare (She'eilas Shalom). He also does not have to act in any way like a mourner. He does not have to appease the person to whom he was arrogant. The period of Nezifah concludes automatically; he does not need an official pardon.
(c) The period of Nezifah lasts seven days in Eretz Yisrael and one day in Bavel and elsewhere.

30) [line 48] U'MAH REBBI OMER BA'DAVAR HA'ZEH??? - Which Rebbi in the world could say anything about this?!

31) [line 49] YADA D'NAKAT MILSA B'DA'ATEI - he (Bar Kapara) realized that he (Rebbi) held something against him

32) [last line] YESHANU - teach
33) [last line] "MAH YAFU FE'AMAYICH BA'NE'ALIM, BAS NADIV; CHAMUKEI YERECHAYICH, KEMO CHALA'IM, MA'ASEI YEDEI OMAN" - "How lovely are your footsteps in sandals, O daughter of nobility; your hidden thighs are like jewels, the work of a master's hand." (Shir ha'Shirim 7:2)


34) [line 4] IYA - a derogatory term for Rebbi Chiya, who couldn't pronounce the letter "Ches," see Megilah 24b

36) [line 8] MIKTZAS HA'YOM K'CHULO - when a *portion* of the last day has passed, the term is completed

37) [line 14] "CHACHMOS BA'CHUTZ TARONA..." - "Wisdom cries aloud in the street; she utters her voice in the squares." (Mishlei 1:20)

38) [line 18] YOMEI D'CHALAH - the days of the Yarchei Kalah, in the months of Adar and Elul, when all students assembled in the Yeshivos in Bavel to learn together

39) [line 20] GARSEI SHEMA'ATA - learning Torah
40) [line 22] HAVU CHAIKEI LEI DUCHTA - they would prepare a place that is low down to sit on

41) [line 22] TZIFTA - a mat
42) [line 22] KI HEICHI D'LISHTAM'AN MILEI - so that he could hear Shmuel's opinion
43) [line 23] MELAVEI - escort
44) [line 23] USHPIZEI - his inn
45) [line 24] LO NAGAH LACH? - Is it not enough for you [that I walked behind you to your house]?

46) [line 24] LISHRI LI MAR B'TIGREI - at least give me permission to take leave of you and return to my own house

47) [line 25] HAVAS PASHTAH KAR'AH - she had stretched out her foot
48) [line 25] V'KA MENIFAH CHUSHLAI - she was winnowing peeled barley
49) [line 26] TZURBA ME'RABANAN - a young, intense Torah scholar (RASHI to Ta'anis 4a)

50) [line 26] LO ICHNA'AH - humble herself; i.e. she did not act modestly when he passed

51) [line 28] KAPASIK SIDRA - (a) he learned chapters of Nevi'im and Kesuvim from Rav Yehudah (RASHI); (b) he was reading a section of Nevi'im or Kesuvim before Rav Yehudah (based upon Yoma 87a)

52) [line 30] [KOL] D'LO YADA PEIRUSHA D'AHAI KERA, LAV GAVRA RABA HU - [Do you think that anyone] who does not know the explanation of the this Pasuk, is not a great man?! (this is the Girsa of the Ein Ya'akov and the Dikdukei Sofrim #9)

53) [line 35] KUSHI - a black man; native African
54) [line 36] MESHUNEH B'MA'ASAV - (lit. is different in his deeds) has rare righteousness
55) [line 42] "AMAR..." - "HaSh-m said, the Rock of Yisrael spoke to me, He who rules over men must be just, ruling in the fear of HaSh-m." (Shmuel II 23:3)

56) [line 44] "ELEH SHEMOS...YOSHEV BA'SHEVES..." - "These are the names of the mighty men whom David had; Yoshev-Basheves, the Tachkemonite, chief among the captains; the same was Adino the Eznite; he raised his spear against eight hundred, whom he slew at one time." (Shmuel II 23:8) - The Gemara translates this verse as follows, "These are the valiant deeds of David: he sat on the ground and not on pillows when he taught Torah. As a result, HaSh- m declared that David would be able to annul decrees made by Him. When he taught Torah, he tried to make himself small by twisting himself like a worm. When he went out to battle, he slew eight hundred men with one arrow.

57a) [line 45] KARIM - bolsters, mattresses
b) [line 45] KESASOS - pillows
58) [line 46] IRA HA'YA'IRI - one of the great Torah sages and advisors of King David (TARGUM YONASAN to Shmuel II 20:26). He is Ira ben Ikesh ha'Teko'i (Shmuel II 23:26), who was called ha'Ya'iri because (a) one of his ancestors was named Ya'ir; or (b) Teko'a, his city, was known for its abundant production of olive oil (Menachos 85b). Olive oil at the time was the best source of lamplight, and the word "Ya'ir" means he/it will give light (RADAK to Shmuel II 20:26).

59) [line 49] ME'ADEN ATZMO K'SOLA'AS - he softened or twisted himself like a worm

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