REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Menachos 76
MENACHOS 76 - sponsored towards the Zechus of a Refu'ah Shelemah for Reb
Aharon David ben Mirel.
(a) Our Mishnah prescribes Shifos and Be'itos for all Menachos.
'Shifos' and 'Be'itos'?
(b) If every Minchah requires three hundred Shifos, how many Be'itos does it
(c) According to the Tana Kama, there were performed with the wheat.
was the reason for this?
(d) What does Rebbi Yossi say? What is then the reason for doing so?
(a) According to Rebbi Yehudah, all Menachos consist of ten loaves except
for two, one of which is the Chavitei Kohen Gadol.
What is the other?
(b) How many loaves do they comprise?
(c) Rebbi Meir disagrees.
In his opinion, how many loaves do all but two
of the Menachos comprise?
(d) The two exceptions are the Chalos Todah and those of the Shalmei Nazir.
How many loaves do they each consist of?
(a) The Beraisa describes how they arranged the three hundred Shifos and
five hundred Be'itos.
How did they do it?
(b) What She'eilah did Rebbi Yirmiyah ask in connection with moving the hand
backwards and forwards? What is the outcome of the She'eilah?
(c) What She'eilah do we ask in connection with Rebbi Yossi in our Mishnah,
when he says 'be'Batzek'?
(d) We resolve the She'eilah from a Beraisa.
What does the Beraisa say?
(a) According to Rebbi Yehudah, all Menachos require ten loaves, except for
the Lechem ha'Panim and the Chavitei Kohen Gadol, which both require twelve.
What makes the Lachmei Todah in the first group and the Lechem ha'Panim in
the second, special? What do they have in common?
(b) What does Rebbi Yehudah learn from the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' of "Chukah" (in
Emor) "Chukah" (in Tzav)?
(c) From where does he learn that all the other Menachos comprise ten
(d) We prefer to learn all the Menachos from the Lachmei Todah, rather than
from the Lechem ha'Panim, due to the six things that they have in common. As
opposed to the Lechem ha'Panim, they are both Korbenos Yachid, can be
donated and require Shemen. The fourth common specification is 'Nifsal'.
What does that mean?
(a) Finally, which two things does the Lechem ha'Panim override, which they
(b) On the other hand, the Menachos share with the Lechem ha'Panim the fact
that they require Levonah and are brought entirely as Matzos. In addition,
they are both 'Hekdesh' and 'Etzem'.
What do these mean?
(c) So why do we ultimately learn the Menachos from the former, and not from
(d) We ask however, why we should not learn Menachos from the Chavitei Kohen
Gadol. What might be the problem with that? What would we have to hold to
be able to make such a D'rashah?
(a) We answer this by listing six things that the Menachos and the Lachmei
Todah have in common (which the Chavitei Kohen Gadol do not). Like with the
Lechem ha'Panim, they come as a Nedavah and do not override Shabbos and
Tum'ah. In addition, they are described as 'Hedyot, Chatza'in and Pigul'.
What do 'Chatza'in and 'Pigul' mean?
(b) We counter that with eight things that the Menachos have in common with
the Chavitei Kohen Gadol (which the Lachmei Todah do not).
What role does
'Isaron, K'li, Hekdesh and Levonah' play in this Limud?
(c) The Chavitei Kohen Gadol (like the Lechem ha'Panim), also share with the
Minchah the fact that both are 'Matzah' and 'Etzem'.
Hagashah, do they also require that the Lachmei Todah do not?
(d) Why, despite the fact that Chavitei Kohen Gadol has more in common with
the Menachos than the Lachmei Todah, does Rebbi Yehudah still learn them
from the latter? Which single determining characteristic connects them to
them more than to the Chavitei Kohen Gadol?
(a) According to Rebbi Meir in our Mishnah, all the Menachos require twelve
What is his source for this?
(b) In which point does he argue with Rebbi Yehudah? In his opinion, which
single factor connects the Menachos to either of the above more than to the
Lachmei Todah (in spite of the S'vara of 'Hedyot me'Hedyot')?
(c) Rebbi Meir agrees that the Lachmei Todah consist of ten loaves, since
the Torah specifically says so.
What does he then learn from the Pasuk in
Tzav "al Zevach Todas *Shelamav*"?
(a) Rav Tuvi bar Kisna Amar Shmuel validates four Lachmei Todah.
the significance of four loaves?
(b) How does he reconcile this with the Pasuk in Tzav, which prescribes
(c) Which problem still remains concerning the Mitzvah of separating Terumah
from the loaves? Why can one not simply break a bit off one of the loaves?
(d) How does Rav Tuvi bar Kisna then solve it?
(a) We query Shmuel however, from a Beraisa.
Answers to questions
What does the Beraisa say
about the Lechem ha'Panim, the Chavitei Kohen Gadol and the Lachmei Todah
and Nezirus? What do they all have in common?
(b) We answer by establishing Shmuel like another Tana.
Which two items
does the Tana Kama there include in that list?
(c) What do Yesh Omrim say?
(a) What lenient ruling does Rav Huna issue regarding a Minchas Ma'afeh
(b) How does he derive it from the word "Matzos" written there?
(c) What do we ask on this from Rav Tuvi bar Masna Amar Shmuel? What does
the Torah write there?
(d) What do we answer?
(a) Our Mishnah contrasts the Omer, the Sh'tei ha'Lechem and the Lechem
ha'Panim. Both the Omer and Sh'tei ha'Lechem comprise three Sa'ah (One
Eifah) of flour.
The Omer ends up as one Isaron (a tenth of an Eifah).
How did they achieve this?
(b) How much does the Sh'tei ha'Lechem end up as?
(c) How about the Lechem ha'Panim? How many Esronim does it end up as, out
of how many Sa'ah?
(d) What is then the volume of each Chalah?
(a) If three Sa'ah can produce two Esronin for the Sh'tei ha'Lechem, why
does the Omer require the same three Sa'ah to produce only one Isaron?
(b) And if three Sa'ah of wheat is needed to produce two Esronim for the
Sh'tei ha'Lechem and one for the Omer, why will only one Sa'ah suffice to
produce one Isaron for the Lechem ha'Panim?
(c) What does the Beraisa mean when it speaks about adding or subtracting to
or from the Midah of ...
(d) What distinction does the Tana draw between the two?
- ... Esronim?
- ... Sa'in?
(a) The Tana Kama of our Mishnah requires the Omer to be sifted thirteen
How many sieves were used to sift ...
(b) What is the source for all this?
- ... the Sh'tei ha'Lechem?
- ... the Lechem ha'Panim?
(c) Rebbi Shimon disagrees.
What does he learn from the Pasuk in Emor
"Ve'lakachta So'les Ve'Afisa Osah"?
(a) According to the Tana Kama of the Beraisa, there were two sieves in the
What kind of sieves were they?
(b) What procedure did the Kohen then follow? What did he achieve by sifting
the flour first in the fine sieve, and then in the thick one?
(c) Rebbi Shimon ben Elazar disagrees.
What does he say?
(d) How did the Kohen proceed according to him?
(a) The Torah writes in Emor "Ve'lakachta So'les Ve'afisa Osah".
***** Hadran Alach 'Eilu Menachos Nikmatzos' *****
the Beraisa learn from ...
(b) The Tana gives the reason for this as 'Mipnei ha'Chisachon'.
- ... " ... So'les Ve'afisa Osah"?
- ... "Ve'lakachta"?
- ... "Osah"?
he mean by that?
(c) How does that explain the Torah's distinction between the Lechem
ha'Panim and other Menachos?
(d) From which Pasuk in Sh'lach-Lecha (in connection with producing water
from the rock) does Rebbi Elazar prove Hashem's concern for Yisrael's
Answers to questions