REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Menachos 68
(a) Under what condition does the Mishnah later permit cutting the corn in a
Sadeh Beis ha'Shalachin that lies in a valley (and which requires constant
watering manually) ?
(b) Why did the Chachamim permit this?
(c) What Kashya does this pose on Rabah?
(d) What reason does Abaye therefore attribute to Rebbi Yehudah, that will
distinguish between Chametz and Chadash?
(a) Rava asks why Abaye only resolves the discrepancy in Rebbi Yehudah, and
not in the Rabbanan.
Which discrepancy in the Rabbanan is he referring to?
(b) How does he resolve it? Why are the Rabbanan not afraid that he may come
to eat the Chametz that one finds on Pesach?
(c) Rav Ashi tries to resolve the discrepancy in Rebbi Yehudah by confining
his lenient opinion in our Mishnah to flour made from roasted kernels.
does that answer the Kashya?
(d) Why do we consider Rav Ashi's answer a joke?
(e) Why will it not even help to confine our Mishnah to where one cuts the
corn with one's hands, as we learned earlier (as a reminder that it is
(a) Our Mishnah discusses the duration of Isur Chadash.
When does Chadash
(b) How about those who live far from Yerushalayim (who have no way of
knowing when the Omer has been brought)?
(c) Why is that?
(a) What is Yom Henef?
(b) What Takanah did Raban Yochanan ben Zakai institute after the
destruction of the Beis-Hamikdash?
(c) What objection does Rebbi Yehudah raise to the Tana Kama's (previous)
statement, based on the Pasuk in Emor (in connection with the Isur Chadash)
"ad Etzem ha'Yom ha'Zeh"? How does he interpret "ad"?
(a) What are Rav and Shmuel coming to preclude (besides the opinion of Rebbi
Yochanan and Resh Lakish), when they rule that when there is no
Beis-Hamikdash, sunrise permits the Isur Chadash?
Answers to questions
(b) From which two Pesukim in Emor do they derive this ruling?
(c) Rebbi Yochanan and Resh Lakish are even more lenient than Rav and
What do they say?
(d) How will Rebbi Yochanan and Resh Lakish explain ...
- ... the Pasuk "ad Havi'achem"?
- ... our Mishnah 'mi'she'Karav ha'Omer, Hutar Chadash Miyad'?
- ... the following Mishnah 'ha'Omer Hayah Matir ba'Medinah, u'Shetei ha'Lechem ba'Mikdash'?
(a) Why, after the Churban Beis-Hamikdash, did Raban Yochanan ben Zakai
forbid Chadash until the seventeenth of Nisan?
(b) Why does this pose a Kashya on Rebbi Yochanan and Resh Lakish?
(a) Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak answers that Raban Yochanan ben Zakai holds
like Rebbi Yehudah.
What does this mean? How does it answer the Kashya?
(b) If that is so, then why did Rebbi Yehudah retort 've'ha'Lo min ha'Torah
Hu Asur? Does this not imply that Raban Yochanan ben Zakai decreed
(c) Then why did our Mishnah say 'Hiskin' (if he Darshened it from the
Pasuk, but did not institute it)?
(a) Rav Papa and Rav Huna b'rei de'Rav Yehoshua held that Chadash be'Chutz
la'Aretz is Asur mi'de'Rabbanan (like Rebbi Yehudah).
When did they eat
(b) Why did they not wait at least until the morning?
(c) The Rabbanan of Rav Ashi held that Chadash be'Chutz la'Aretz is Asur
mi'd'Oraysa, and they only ate Chadash in the morning of the seventeenth.
Why did they not then wait until nightfall?
(d) Ravina's nurse told him that his father used to wait until nightfall
after the seventeenth before eating Chadash .
What was the basis of that
(a) Our Mishnah now discusses the respective functions of the Omer and the
What is the basic difference between them?
(b) If Menachos, Bikurim and Minchas Nesachim that are brought from the new
crops before the Omer are Pasul, what will be the Din with regard to
bringing them before the Sh'tei ha'Lechem?
(c) How did Rebbi Yehudah ben Nechemyah explain this distinction to Rebbi
Tarfon? On what basis is before the Sh'tei ha'Lechem more lenient than
before the Omer in this regard?
(d) What did Rebbi Yehudah ben Nechemyah do to merit the punishment that
Rebbi Akiva predicted he would receive? What was that punishment?
(e) What, according to the testimonial of Rebbi Yehudah, actually happened?
(a) Why are Nesachim not included in the Isur of Chadash?
(b) In that case, why did Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak find it necessary to
state that, according to Rebbi Yehudah bar Nechemyah, if they brought a
Niskei Bikurim before the Omer, they are Patur? Why might we have thought
(c) So what in fact, is Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak coming to teach us?
(a) Rami bar Chama asks whether the Sh'tei ha'Lechem will permit Chadash in
the Beis-Hamikdash 'she'Lo ke'Sidran'.
What does he mean by that? What is
(b) Rabah cites a Beraisa, which discusses the Pasuk in Vayikra "ve'Im
Takriv Minchas Bikurim".
How does the Tana define "Minchas Bikurim"?
(c) What does Rebbi Eliezer there, learn from the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' "Aviv"
(in the current Parshah) "Aviv" ('ki ha'Se'orah Aviv' [in Va'eira, in
connection with the plague of Barad])?
(a) Rebbi Akiva learns the same Halachah from the fact that both a Yachid
and the Tzibur bring their Chovah, sometimes from wheat and sometimes from
Which Chovah does a Yachid bring from ...
(b) What does he go on to prove from there?
- ... wheat?
- ... barley?
(a) Alternatively, what Rebbi Akiva said was that if the Korban Omer had
consisted of wheat, then the Pasuk would not have referred to the Sh'tei
ha'Lechem as 'Bikurim'.
Answers to questions
Why is that? What does "Bikurin" imply?
(b) This appears to resolve Rami bar Chama's She'eilah.
How is that
possible? How could the Sh'tei ha'Lechem be called "Bikurim", even if the
Sh'tei ha'Lechem would permit the crops she'Lo ke'Sidran?
(c) Rami bar Chama refutes the proof by explaining 'Bikurim' differently.
How does he explain it?