POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Menachos 93
1) IS AN HEIR "SOMECH"?
(a) (Mishnah): An heir is Somech.
2) PEOPLE WHO ARE NOT "SOMECH"
(b) (Rav Chananyah - Beraisa): An heir does not Somech, he
cannot make Temurah.
(c) Contradiction (Rava - Mishnah): An heir is Somech, he
brings the Nesachim, he can make Temurah.
(d) Rav Chananyah: Surely, my Beraisa is mistaken, I will
correct it to conform to our Mishnah.
(e) Rava: You need not correct it - your Beraisa is like R.
1. (Beraisa): An heir is Somech, he brings the
Nesachim, he can make Temurah;
(f) Question: What is R. Yehudah's reason?
2. R. Yehudah says, he is not Somech, he cannot make
(g) Answer: Regarding Semichah, he expounds "Korbano" - not
his father's Korban;
1. He learns making Hekdesh (through Temurah) from
Hakravas Hekdesh (Semichah) - just like an heir does
not Somech, he cannot make Temurah.
(h) Chachamim expound "Hamer Yamir" to include an heir (he
can make Temurah);
1. They learn Hakravah (Semichah) from making Hekdesh
(Temurah) - just like an heir can make Temurah, he
(i) Question: How do Chachamim expound "Korbano"?
(j) Answer: They use the three times it says 'Korbano' to
teach that Reuven may not Somech on Shimon's Korban, that
Semichah does not apply to a Nochri's Korban, and that
every partner on a Korban must Somech.
(k) R. Yehudah uses one of the three to exclude an heir, he
does not expound that every partner must Somech;
1. Alternatively, he holds that one 'Korbano' excludes
Semichah on the Korban of someone else, be it a
Yisrael or Nochri, one 'Korbano' excludes an heir
(another verse is needed, for sometimes an heir is
considered to be just like the deceased), the third
require all partners to Somech.
(l) Question: How does R. Yehudah expound "Hamer Yamir"?
(m) Answer: This includes a woman (she can make Temurah):
1. (Beraisa) Question: The entire Parshah of Temurah is
written in the masculine - what is the source that
it also applies to women?
(n) Chachamim use "V'Im" to include women; R. Yehudah does
not expound "V'Im".
2. Answer: "Hamer Yamir".
(a) (Mishnah): All do Semichah, except for a child, lunatic
or deaf person, a blind person, a Nochri, a slave, a
Shali'ach or a woman.
(b) Semichah is a remnant of the Mitzvah (if it was not done,
one fulfilled his obligation.)
(c) One leans on the head with both hands; we slaughter right
where Semichah was done, slaughter is done right after
(d) (Gemara) Question: We understand why most of these may
1. A child, lunatic or deaf person lacks understanding;
Nochrim are excluded, for it says "Benei Yisrael"
(Tosfos - this also excludes a woman on her own
(e) Answer #1 (Rav Chisda or R. Yitzchak bar Avodimi): We
learn from a Gezerah Shavah "Semichah-Semichah" from the
Sanhedrin (who are Somech on Par He'elam Davar. Rashi -
a blind person (or any other Ba'al Mum) cannot be on the
Sanhedrin, they must be unblemished, like Moshe).
2. But why is a blind person excluded?
1. (Tosfos asks, according to this any Ba'al Mum should
be exempt from Semichah! Keren Orah - we only exempt
a blind person, since Semichah must be "Lifnei
Hash-m", he lacks proper awareness of being Lifnei
Hash-m. Sefas Emes - the Gezerah Shavah exempts a
blind person, for regarding the Sanhedrin it says
"Me'Einei ha'Edah", they cannot be blind; we cannot
exempt other blemishes, for our source that they are
Posel for the Sanhedrin is from a Hekesh to Moshe,
they cannot then teach through a Gezerah Shavah.)
(f) Answer #2 (the other of Rav Chisda and R. Yitzchak bar
Avodimi): We learn from a Gezerah Shavah
"Semichah-Semichah" from Olas Re'iyah (the Olah one must
bring each festival - a blind person is exempt, for we
expound 'Yir'eh - Yera'eh', Re'iyah applies to one who
can see and be seen in the Mikdash);
(g) Question: Why doesn't the second opinion learn from the
(h) Answer: We learn a Korban Yachid from a Korban Yachid,
not from a Korban Tzibur;
3) HOW "TENUFAH" IS DONE
(i) Question: Why doesn't the first opinion learn from Olas
(j) Answer: We learn from a place where it explicitly says
"Semichah"; Semichah is not said regarding Olas Re'iyah,
it is learned from the Parshah of Olas Nedavah.
1. (A reciter of Beraisos): "Va'Yakrev Es ha'Olah (of
the Milu'im) va'Ya'aseha ka'Mishpat" - like the law
of Olas Nedavah;
(k) (Mishnah): A slave, Shali'ach or woman (does not Somech.)
2. This teaches that Olas Chovah requires Semichah,
like Olas Nedavah.
(l) (Beraisa): (Semichah is done with) "Yado" - not his
slave's hand; Yado" - not his Shali'ach's hand; Yado" -
not his wife's hand.
(m) Question: Why do we need all of these?
(n) Answer: Had the Torah said "Yado" only once, we would
have said that it excludes a slave; for a slave is not
obligated in (all) the Mitzvos, but a Shali'ach can
Somech, for he is (i.e. his actions are) considered like
(those of) Ploni (the one who sent him);
1. Had it said "Yado" only twice, we would exclude only
a slave and Shali'ach; for they are not considered
like Ploni himself, but his wife can Somech on his
Korban, she is considered like Ploni himself.
(o) (Mishnah): Semichah is a remnant of the Mitzvah.
(p) (Beraisa) Question: "V'Somach...v'Nirtzah" - atonement
does not come through Semichah, rather, through (Zerikah
of) Dam - "Ki ha'Dam Hu ba'Nefesh Yechaper"!
(q) Answer: This teaches that if one treated it like a
remnant of a Mitzvah (i.e. omitted it), the Torah
considers it as if he did not atone (l'Chatchilah) but
did atone (b'Diavad.)
(r) We learn similarly regarding Tenufah:
1. (Beraisa) Question: "Li'Snufah Lechaper" - atonement
does not come through Tenufah, rather, through Dam -
2. Answer: This teaches that if one treated it like a
remnant of a Mitzvah, the Torah considers it as if
he did not atone but did atone.
(a) (Mishnah): On the head.
(b) (Beraisa): "Yado Al Rosh" - he is not Somech his hands on
the (throat side of the) neck; "Yado Al Rosh" - not on
the back; "Yado Al Rosh" - not on the chest.
(c) Question: Why do we need all of these?
(d) Answer: If the Torah only taught one exclusion, we would
have used it to exclude the neck, for it is not even with
the head; but not the back;
1. If it only taught two exclusions, we would exclude
the neck and back, but not the chest, for Tenufah is
done with it.
(e) Question: May one Somech his hands on the sides (of the
head, i.e. the jaws?)
2. Therefore, all three exclusions are needed.
(f) Answer (Beraisa - Aba Bira'ah): "Yado Al Rosh" - not on
(g) Question (R. Yirmeyah): Is a cloth (Rashi Kesav Yad -
wrapped around one's hands) a Chatzizah?
(h) Answer (Beraisa): ...As long as nothing separates between
his hands and the Korban. (I.e. a cloth is a Chatzitzah.)
(i) (Mishnah): With both hands.
(j) Question: What is the source of this?
(k) Answer (Reish Lakish): "V'Somach Aharon Es Shtei Yadav" -
'Yadav' is written missing a 'Yud', like 'Yado' yet it
explicitly says that he uses both hands!
1. This is a Binyan Av, it teaches that wherever it
says "Yado", it refers to both hands unless
(l) R. Elazar taught this in the Beis Medrash (Sefas Emes -
he also thought of this answer), he did not say it in the
name of Reish Lakish; Reish Lakish was upset.
(m) Question (Reish Lakish): If you say that "Yado" always
refers to both hands, why does it sometimes say "Yadav",
e.g. "Yadav Tevi'enah", "Yadav Rav Lo", "Sikel Es
1. He asked 24 such questions; R. Elazar could not
answer. When Reish Lakish ceased to be upset, he
(n) Answer (Reish Lakish): "Yado" written regarding Semichah
refers to both hands.
(o) Question: Why must it say "Va'Yismoch *Yadav* Alav", it
refers to Semichah!
(p) Answer: "Yado" written regarding Semichah on animals
refers to both hands.
(q) (Mishnah): We slaughter right where Semichah was done,
slaughter is done right after Semichah.
(r) Question: What does this mean? (Rashi Kesav Yad - since
slaughter is right after Semichah, obviously we slaughter
right where Semichah was done! Rashi - the Mishnah
connotes that slaughter is done at the same place on the
animal as Semichah, this is obviously wrong!)
(s) Answer: It means, slaughter is done at the same place in
the Azarah as Semichah *because* slaughter is right after