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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Megilah 31


(a) According to the Beraisa, the Haftarah on the first day of Pesach is that of Pesach Gilgal in Yehoshua.
Nowadays in Chutz la'Aretz (when there are two days Yom-Tov) ...
  1. ... which Haftarah does one read on the second day of Pesach?
  2. ... what does one Lein on the four days of Chol ha'Mo'ed (whose Si'man is 'M.a.p.u.' - i.e. 'Mem', 'Aleph', 'Pey', 'Vav')?
(b) On the seventh day of Pesach ...
  1. ... what do they Lein? Why is that
  2. ... which Haftarah do they read?
(c) What do they Lein on the eighth day of Pesach?

(d) Why do they read the Haftarah of "Od ha'Yom" from Yeshayah on the eighth day?

(a) In practice, the current Minhag differs greatly from the above Beraisa. The first half of the Si'man for all the eight days is 'Meshach Tura Kadeish be'Kaspa'.
What is the second half?

(b) On Shavu'os, says the Tana Kama of the Beraisa, one Leins "Shiv'ah Shavu'os" (Re'ei), and reads the Haftarah from Chavakuk; according to Acheirim (Rebbi Meir), "ba'Chodesh ha'Shelishi" (Yisro) and the Haftarah in 'Ma'aseh ha'Merkavah'.
What does one do in Chutz la'Aretz nowadays?

(c) On Rosh Hashanah, according to the Tana Kama, one Leins "ba'Chodesh ha'Shevi'i" (Pinchas), and the Haftarah, the episode of Chanah (Shmuel) ; others (Rebbi Nasan) say, "va'Hashem Pakad es Sarah" (va'Yeira), and the Haftarah "ha'Vein Yakir Li Ephrayim" (Yirmiyah). We follow the opinion of Rebbi Nasan on the first day.
On the second day ...

  1. ... which Parshah do they (and we) Lein?
  2. ... which Haftarah do they (and we) read?
(d) Why do we Lein the Haftarah of ...
  1. ... Chanah on the first day of Rosh Hashanah
  2. ... "ha'Vein Yakir Li Ephrayim" on the second?
3) The one Yom-Tov d'Oraysa on which the entire Leining remains unchanged from the ruling of the Beraisa, is Yom Kipur.
Which Parshah ...
  1. ... do we Lein in the morning, and which Haftarah?
  2. ... do we Lein at Minchah, and which Haftarah?
(a) Based on one of the Pesukim in the Haftarah on Yom Kipur (Yeshayah), Rebbi Yochanan makes a statement.
What does he learn from the Pasuk "Koh Amar Hashem Ram ve'Nisa Shochen Ad ve'Kadosh ... ve'es Daka u'Sh'fal Ru'ach"?

(b) Does he have any other sources for this?

(c) According to the Tana of the Beraisa, on the first day of Sukos we Lein the Parshah of Mo'ados from Emor, and the Haftarah "Hinei Yom Hashem Bo" (Zecharyah), because it deals with the celebration of Chag ha'Sukos.
On the second day in Chutz la'Aretz ...

  1. ... which Parshah do they Lein?
  2. ... which Haftarah do they read (from Melachim 1)
(a) On Shemini Atzeres, they Lein "Kol ha'Bechor" (Re'ei).
Why do they begin already from "Aser Te'aser" (which they do not do on Pesach)?

(b) The Haftarah is also from Melachim "va'Yikahalu el ha'Melech Shlomoh". Why is that?

(c) On Simchas Torah, they Lein "ve'Zos ha'B'rachah".
Which Haftarah do they read, according to the Tana of the Beraisa (see Tosfos DH 'le'Machar')?

(a) What do they (and we) Lein both on Chol ha'Mo'ed Pesach and on Chol ha'Mo'ed Sukos?

(b) Why do they read the Haftarah ...

  1. ... of the dry bones of Yechezkel on Shabbos, Chol ha'Mo'ed Pesach?
  2. ... of Gog and Magog on Shabbos, Chol ha'Mo'ed Sukos?
(c) On Chanukah, we Lein the Parshah of the Chanukas ha'Nesi'im (Naso). Which Haftarah do we read ...
  1. ... on the first Shabbos of Chanukah?
  2. ... on the second Shabbos of Chanukah (should Chanukah fall on Shabbos)?
(d) On Purim, we Lein "va'Yavo Amalek" (Beshalach), and on Rosh Chodesh, "u'v'Roshei Chodsheichem" (Pinchas).
Which Haftarah do we read when Rosh Chodesh falls ...
  1. ... on Shabbos?
  2. ... on Sunday?
Answers to questions



(a) When Rosh Chodesh Av falls on Shabbos, we read the Haftarah from Yeshayah "Chodsheichem u'Mo'adeichem San'ah Nafshi, Hayu Alai la'Torach" (according to Rav Huna Amar Rav - see Tosfos DH 'Rosh Chodesh').
What is the meaning of "Hayu Alai la'Torach"?

(b) According to Rav Huna Amar Rav, which Haftarah do we read on Tish'ah be'Av?

(c) Various Amora'im give various rulings as to what one Leins on Tish'ah be'Av.
What is the Gemara's conclusion?

(d) Which Haftarah do we read on Tish'ah be'Av?

(a) Why did the men of the Ma'amados Lein from Ma'aseh Bereishis?

(b) What was Avraham's concern when ...

  1. ... Hashem told him that his children would inherit Eretz Yisrael?
  2. ... He informed him that the world rests on the merit of the Korbanos?
(c) What was Hashem's reply?
(a) According to Rebbi Chiya bar Gamda Amar Rebbi Asi, it is forbidden to stop in the middle of the K'lalos, because it looks as if one is rejecting Hashem's Musar.
What reason does Resh Lakish give?

(b) How does the person who is called for the K'lalos avoid reciting a Berachah over them?

(c) One is permitted to stop during the K'lalos of Ki Savo (even though the Minhag is not to do so).
Why is that?

(d) What happened once with Levi bar Buti (the Ba'al Korei) when he was Leining the K'lalos in Ki Savo in front of Rav Huna? What did Rav Huna say to him?

(a) Ezra instituted a dual Takanah regarding the K'lalos: He instituted that one should finish the K'lalos in Bechukosai before Shavuos in order to leave the curses behind us in the new year. What is the second half of the Takanah?

(b) Since when is Shavuos called the new year?

(c) Rebbi Shimon ben Elazar made a statement for which he gave the Si'man 'Rechav'am ben Shlomoh'.
What was the statement?

(a) The author of our Mishnah, which says that what one Leins at Shabbos Minchah, on Monday and on Thursday, is not deducted from the Shabbos Leining, is Rebbi Yehudah.
What does Rebbi Meir say?

(b) Rebbi Zeira rules that whatever one Leins at Shabbos Minchah, on Monday and on Thursday is repeated the following Shabbos.
Why did he not simply rule like Rebbi Yehudah?

Answers to questions

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