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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Megilah 30

MEGILAH 29, 30 (25, 26 Tishrei) - Anonymously dedicated by an ardent supporter who wants to have the Zechus of spreading Torah throughout the world.


(a) If Parshas Shekalim falls on Shabbos Parshas Tetzaveh, Rebbi Yitzchak Nafcha rules that six people are called up in Parshas Tetzaveh, and Shevi'i, in Ki Sisa.
On what grounds does Abaye disagree with him?

(b) So what does Abaye hold?

(c) How do we try to prove Abaye's opinion from the Beraisa quoted above (that when Parshas Shekalim falls the week before or after Ki Sisa, one repeats Parshas Shekalim)?

(d) Rebbi Yitzchak Nafcha counters that this explanation only fits when Parshas Shekalim *precedes* the Parshah, but not when it *follows* it.
So how will we have to explain the Beraisa?

(a) Rebbi Yitzchak Nafcha also rules that if Parshas Shekalim falls on the week of Ki Sisa, that six people Lein from "ve'Asisa" (after Parshas Shekalim) and the seventh, Parshas Shekalim.
On what grounds does Abaye disagree with him there?

(b) So what does Abaye hold?

(c) Why are we bound to rule like Abaye?

(a) If Rosh Chodesh Adar falls on a Friday, Rav maintains that we Lein Parshas Shekalim the Shabbos before, in order to ensure at least fourteen days until the bankers set up their stalls throughout the country (on the fourteenth).
On what basis does Shmuel hold that one Leins Parshas Shekalim on the following day (the second of Adar)?

(b) How does Shmuel explain the Mishnah, which says ...

  1. ...'Chal Liheyos *be'Toch ha'Shabbos* (implying even on Friday), Makdiminle'she'Avar'?
  2. ...'Eizohi Shabbos Rishonah? Kol she'Chal Rosh Chodesh Liheyos be'Sochah, va'Afilu be'Erev Shabbos' (implying that Rosh Chodesh that falls on Erev Shabbos is like Rosh Chodesh that falls the rest of the week, and one reads Shekalim the week before)?
(c) What does Rebbi (in another Beraisa) mean when he says 'Mesorgin le'Shabbasos' (which Amora will agree with him)? What is the reason for saying 'Mesorgin'?

(d) Rebbi Shimon ben Elazar agrees with Rebbi in most cases.
When does he disagree with him (which Amora will agree with him)?

(a) On what grounds does Rav rule that when Purim falls on Friday, Parshas Zachor is brought forward one week?

(b) On what grounds does Shmuel disagree with him?

(c) How will Shmuel explain our Mishnah, which says ...

  1. ... 'bi'Sh'niyah, Zachor' (even though we are talking about a case when Rosh Chodesh Adar fell on Shabbos, and Purim therefore fell on Friday?
  2. ... 'Eizeh Shabbos Sh'niyah? Kol she'Chal Purim Liheyos be'Sochah, va'Afilu be'Erev Shabbos' (implying that when Purim falls on Friday, like when it falls on any other day of the week, one brings Parshas Zachor forward)?
(a) According to Rav Huna, even Rav will agree that, when Purim falls on Shabbos itself, one Leins Parshas Zachor on that day.
Why is that?

(b) What does Rav Nachman say?

(c) Which opinion is condoned by others who quote Rav himself on this matter?

(a) The Beraisa describes Parshas Parah as following Zachor immediately, Rav Chama b'Rebbi Chanina describes it as the Shabbos that precedes Rosh Chodesh Nisan.
How do we reconcile the two?

(b) What is the real criterion of Parshas Parah?

(c) What is the Haftarah for ...

  1. ... Parshas Zachor?
  2. ... Parshas Parah?
  3. ... Parshas ha'Chodesh?
Answers to questions



(a) What does Rebbi Ami mean when, interpreting the Mishnah, he says 'le'Seider Parshiyos Hu Chozer'?

(b) What does Rebbi Yirmiyah say?

(c) How will Rebbi Yirmiyah explain our Mishnah, which has just said 'la'Kol Mafsikin: le'Roshei Chodashim, le'Chanukah ... '. Since when does one Lein the Haftarah on these days?

(a) We ask why one needs to break the normal Leining on a Ta'anis. Why not Lein the regular Leining in the morning, and the Leining for a Ta'anis in the afternoon.
Why is this only a Kashya on Rebbi Yirmiyah, and not on Rebbi Ami?

(b) How do we answer the Kashya?

(c) We just learned that in the morning of a Ta'anis, they would involve themselves with communal introspection.
What was the order of the day in the afternoon?

(d) Ho do we know that that is the correct order (regarding the morning and the afternoon), and not the reverse?

(a) According to our Mishnah, one Leins from Parshas Emor on two out of the three the Shalosh Regalim.
Which is the exception?

(b) On Rosh Hashanah they Lein "ba'Chodesh ha'Shevi'i (Emor), and on Yom Kipur from Acharei-Mos.
From where did they Lein on ...

  1. ... Chol ha'Mo'ed Sukos?
  2. ... Chanukah?
  3. ... Purim?
(c) During Chol ha'Mo'ed, they read the Korbanos ha'Chag (from Pinchas), as we learned in our Mishnah. On each of the first six days, Kohen and Levi Lein the two days of the Sefeika de'Yoma; Sh'lishi, the following day, and Revi'i, the two days of the Safek (though this is not the Minhag in Eretz Yisrael).
How does the Leining of the seventh day differ from that of the sixth?

(d) Why can one not include "u'va'Yom ha'Shemini" as the last Aliyah on the seventh day?

(a) The Ma'amados would Lein from Ma'aseh Bereishis, as we learned in Ta'anis.
From where was the Leining on a Ta'anis Tzibur?

(b) What is unique about the Leining of the K'lalos in Bechukosai?

(a) What does the Tana mean when he says (with regard to the Leining of Shabbos Minchah, Monday and Thursday) 've'Ein Olin Lahem min ha'Minyan'?

(b) From where do we learn the obligation to Lein the Parshah of each Yom-Tov on that Yom-Tov?

Answers to questions

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