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Megilah 29

MEGILAH 29, 30 (25, 26 Tishrei) - Anonymously dedicated by an ardent supporter who wants to have the Zechus of spreading Torah throughout the world.


(a) One may and (must) stop learning Torah in order to accompany a dead person and for the Mitzvah of Hachnasas Kalah.
What constitutes the Mitzvah of Hachnasas Kalah?

(b) When is one not obligated (or even permitted) to stop learning in order to accompany a dead person?

(c) Rav Shmuel bar Inaya Amar Rav defines 'Kol Tzorcho' in one of two ways: *one* of them is twelve thousand men plus six thousand Shofar blowers. What is the *other*?

(d) Ula defines it as sufficient people to fill the space from the gates of the town until the grave.
How does Rav Sheishes define it?

(a) The above applies to someone who *learned* Torah (see Tosfos DH 'Hani Mili').
What is the minimum Shiur for someone who *taught* it?

(b) What does Rebbi Shimon bar Yochai learn from the Pasuk ...

  1. ... in Shmuel 1 "ha'Nigloh Nigleisi le'Veis Avicha bi'Heyosambe'Mitzrayim"?
  2. ... in Yeshayah "Lema'ancha Shulachti Bavelah"?
  3. ... in Devarim "ve'Shav Hashem Elokecha es Sh'vuscha"?
(c) What do the Shul in Hutzal (in Bavel) and the Shul of Shaf ve'Yasiv in Neherda'a have in common?

(d) Who built the latter Shul?

(a) How far would Abaye walk in order to Daven in the Shul of Shaf ve'Yasiv?

(b) Shmuel's father and Levi would leave the Shul when they heard the Shechinah about to enter.
Why did Rav Sheshes decline to do so? On what grounds did the Shechinah instruct the angels not to punish him for that?

(c) According to Rebbi Yitzchak, the Pasuk in Yechezkel "va'Ehi Lahem le'Mikdash Me'at" refers to the Shuls and Batei Medrash of Bavel.
What does it refer to, according to Rebbi Elazar?

(d) Rava applied the Pasuk in Tehilim "Hashem Ma'on Atah Hayisa Lanu" to the Shuls and the Batei Medrash in Bavel.
How did the Pasuk (also in Tehilim) "Hashem Ahavti Ma'on Beiseicha" affect Abaye?

(a) What 'Kal va'Chomer' did Rebbi Elazar ha'Kapar learn from Mount Tavor and Mount Karmel?

(b) What did Bar Kapara learn from the Pasuk in Tehilim "Lamah Teratzdun *Harim Gavnunim*"?

(c) We learned in our Mishnah that one may not use a Shul as a short cut. What is 'Kapendarya' the acronym of?

(d) Someone who entered the Shul intending to retrace his steps, is permitted to leave by the other entrance (in the form of a short cut) should he change his mind.
Under which circumstances may one do so even if he intended to do so originally?

(a) We learned in our Mishnah that one is forbidden to cut grass that is growing in the ruins of a Shul.
How do we amend that statement in order to conform with a Beraisa?

(b) Which three things may one not do in a Beis-ha'Kevaros because of lightheadedness?

(c) What should one do if someone *did* cut the grass there?

(d) What is the underlying reason for these prohibitions?

(a) When does one Lein Parshas Shekalim when Rosh Chodesh Adar falls ...
  1. ... on Shabbos?
  2. ... during the week?
(b) On the second Shabbos we Lein Parshas Zachor, on the third Shabbos, Parshas Parah and on the fourth, Parshas ha'Chodesh.
What is the correct chronological order of the third and the fourth Parshiyos?

(c) Then why does Parshas Parah come first?

(d) During the week, one breaks with the regular Leining on every occasion, on Rosh Chodesh, Chanukah, Purim, Ta'aniyos, Ma'amados and Yom Kipur.
What is Yom Kipur doing in this list (see Tosfos DH 'la'Kol')?

Answers to questions



(a) We learned in a Mishnah in Shekalim that on the first of Adar, Beis-Din would issue an announcement regarding the Shekalim and regarding Kil'ayim. What announcement did they make regarding Kil'ayim? Why just then?

(b) They announced the Shekalim specifically then because of what Rav Tavi said in the name Rebbi Yashiyah.
What did Rav Tavi say (based on the Pasuk in Pinchas "Zos Olas Chodesh be'Chodsho")?

(c) This seems to suggest that the author of our Mishnah is the Rabbanan, who hold that one asks She'eilos and Darshens thirty days before each Yom-Tov.
What does Raban Shimon ben Gamliel say?

(d) How is it nevertheless possible for the author of our Mishnah to be Raban Shimon ben Gamliel?

(a) The bankers began setting up their centers in various spots throughout the land on the fifteenth of Adar.
When did they set them up in the Beis Hamikdash?

(b) What was the latter a sign of? What did the Beis-Din then begin to do then?

(a) Rav maintains that Parshas Shekalim comprises the Parshah in Pinchas "Tzav es B'nei Yisrael".
What does Shmuel say?

(b) The Parshah of Ki Sisa deals specifically with the half-Shekalim, but what does "Tzav es B'nei Yisrael" have to do with the Shekalim?

(c) The Parshah in Ki Sisa may well deal with the half-Shekalim that they donated in the desert, but that particular money was melted down and used for the silver sockets that served as the base of the Mishkan.
What does that have to do with the half-Shekel that was donated for the Korbanos?

(d) According to Rav, we explain, this Rosh Chodesh Adar differs from every other Rosh Chodesh, on which one also Leins the Parshah of "Tzav es B'nei Yisrael", inasmuch as now that constitutes the entire Leining, whereas on other Roshei Chodashim, it constitutes only Shevi'i. How will those who maintain that the four Parshiyos comprise only the Maftir, differentiate between the two?

(a) The Haftarah of Parshas Shekalim is that of Yehoyada ha'Kohen.
What is the connection between that and the Parshah of "Tzav es B'nei Yisrael" (according to Rav)?

(b) We learn in a Beraisa that if Parshas Shekalim falls the week before or the week after the Parshah in which it is written, then it is Leined twice consecutively.
According to Rav, how is it possible for Parshas Pinchas (which contains "Tzav es B'nei Yisrael") to fall due in Adar?

(c) Is it Rav or Shmuel who is supported by a Beraisa?

(a) Rebbi Yitzchak Nafcha cites two occasions on which one takes out three Sifrei-Torah.
What are they?

(b) Why would it not have sufficed to state this just in the case of Shabbos, Rosh Chodesh Teives? Why might we have thought that one takes out only *two* Sefarim on Shabbos, Rosh Chodesh Adar?

(c) Then why did he not just state the Din in the case of Shabbos, Rosh Chodesh Adar, and we would have known automatically that the same applies to Shabbos, Rosh Chodesh Teives?

(a) According to Rebbi Yitzchak Nafcha, when Rosh Chodesh Teives falls during the week, one calls up three people for Rosh Chodesh and one for Chanukah.
Why is that?

(b) On what basis does Rav Dimi from Haifa then argue with him (and hold the reverse)?

(c) Rabah and Rav Yosef support Rebbi Yitzchak Nafcha and Rav Dimi from Haifa (respectively).
What is the Gemara's final ruling?

Answers to questions

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