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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Megilah 28


(a) Rebbi P'reida too, put his longevity down to three causes: 1. to the fact that nobody ever arrived in the Beis-Hamedrash before him; 2. ... that he never ate from an animal before the Matanos were separated; 3. ... that he never recited the Berachah when there was a Kohen present.
Which Matanos was he referring to?

(b) Is the Halachah like Rav Yitzchak, who says that if someone eats from an animal before the Matanos have been separated, it is as if he had eaten Tevalim?

(c) Rebbi P'reida never recited the Berachah when there was a Kohen present. Which Berachah?

(d) How do we reconcile Rebbi P'reida, who never Bensched in the presence of a Kohen, with Rebbi Yochanan, who maintains that it is a Chilul Hashem to allow an unlearned Kohen (even if he is a Kohen Gadol) to Bensch before a Talmid-Chacham?

(a) Rebbi Nechunyah ben Hakanah ascribed his longevity to 1. not deriving honor from his friend's shame; 2. not going to bed with his friend's curse on his lips; 3. giving away his money easily.
How does the Gemara illustrate not deriving honor from his friend's shame from an incident with Rav Huna and Rav Chana bar Chanila'i?

(b) What did Mar Zutra used to say before going to bed each night?

(c) What did Rebbi Nechunyah ben Hakanah learn from Iyov?

(a) How did the servants react when Rebbi Akiva asked Rebbi Nechunya ha'Gadol what he had done to live so long? Why did they do that?

(b) Rebbi Akiva climbed a tree for safety.
On what grounds did Rebbi Nechunyah instruct his servants to leave Rebbi Akiva alone?

(c) Why *does* the Torah write "es ha'Keves *Echad* Ta'aseh ba'Boker"?

(d) Rebbi Nechunyah ha'Gadol (like Rebbi Nechunyah ben Hakaneh) was easy going with his money. He never accepted gifts, and he did not stand on his honor (he was ready to forgive the sins of others towards him).
On what basis did he decline to accept gifts?

(a) Rebbi Elazar too, would not accept gifts from the Nasi's family, nor would he accept invitations. Rebbi Zeira would not accept gifts, yet he would accept invitations.
Why is that?

(b) How do we interpret the Pasuk in Michah "Nosei Avon ve'Over al Pesha"?

(c) Rebbi Yehoshua ben Korchah was surprised when Rebbi asked him why he had lived so long.
What was Rebbi's motive in asking the question?

(d) Rebbi Yehoshua ben Korchah replied that he never looked at the face of a Rasha.
From whom did he learn that?

(a) Rebbi Eliezer said that someone who looks at the face of a Rasha will go blind.
From whom did he learn that?

(b) How do we reconcile Rebbi Eliezer's words with the statement of Rav Yitzchak (which we learned already above) that Yitzchak became blind on account of Avimelech's curse on Sarah "Hinei Hu Lach K'sus Einayim"?

(c) What does Rava learn from the Pasuk in Mishlei "Se'eis P'nei Rasha Lo Tov"?

(d) When Rebbi asked Rebbi Yehoshua ben Korchah for a Berachah, he responded by wishing him that he should reach *half* his years.
Why not *all* his years?

(a) Avuha bar Ihi and Meniman bar Ihi were brothers. One of them declared that he deserved praise for never looking at a Nochri.
What reason did the other one give for deserving praise?

(b) When they asked Rebbi Zeira to what he ascribed his longevity, he gave them a long list of seven attributes: He never get angry with his family; he never walked in front of someone who was greater than him; he never thought words of Torah in dirty alleyways or walked four Amos without Torah and Tefilin.
What are the remaining three?

(a) Rebbi Yehudah lists a number of things that are prohibited in the ruins of a Shul: eulogizing, twisting ropes and setting traps.
Which other task may one not perform there?

(b) What does he learn from the Pasuk in Bechukosai "va'Hashimosi es Mikdesheichem"?

(c) Why does he forbid cutting the grass there?

(d) The Tana of the Beraisa presents a list of things that are forbidden in a Shul due to lightheadedness. Which three things does he forbid besides eating, drinking and adorning oneself?

Answers to questions



(a) What sort of Hesped is permitted in a Shul?

(b) May one learn Chumash and Mishnah there?

(c) One sweeps a Shul and settles the dust to prevent grass from growing there.
What does Rebbi Yehudah comment on that?

(a) What does Rav Asi say about the Shuls in Bavel (see Tosfos DH 'Batei K'neisiyos')?

(b) What nevertheless remains forbidden? Why is that?

(c) What did Rav Asi mean when he warned that if people make their calculations in Shul, they will leave a dead person in it overnight?

(d) Why can we not understand his words literally?

(a) Who is permitted to eat in a Shul or in a Beis Hamedrash? Why is that?

(b) Why, in spite of the prohibition of entering a Shul because of the rain, did Rava take Ravina and Rav Ada bar Masna into Shul when it started raining once, whilst he was answering a She'eilah of theirs?

(c) What should someone first do if he needs to call his friend out of Shul, assuming he is ...

  1. ... a Talmid-Chacham?
  2. ... an expert in Mishnayos?
  3. ... proficient in Chumash?
  4. ... none of these? What two options does he have?
(a) What were Rav Sheishes and Rav Chisda referring to when Rav Sheishes pointed at Rav Chisda, and Rav Chisda pointed at Rav Sheishes (though not necessarily simultaneously)?

(b) On what basis did Rafram eulogize his daughter-in-law in Shul?

(c) Resh Lakish eulogized a certain Talmid-Chacham who taught Mishnayos to twenty-four rows of Talmidim.
How did Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak react when he was asked to eulogize a Talmid-Chacham who had taught Mishnah, Sifra, Sifri and Tosefta?

(d) 'Come and see the difference between the tough men of Eretz Yisrael and the pious men of Bavel!'
In what way was ...

  1. ... Resh Lakish a tough man?
  2. ... Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak pious? What did he testify about himself?
(a) How does Resh Lakish explain the Mishnah in Pirkei Avos 'u'de'Ishtamesh be'Saga Chalaf'?

(b) Ula disagrees.
What does *he* say?

(c) On what condition did Resh Lakish condescend to allow the man who had learned four Sedarim of Mishnayos to carry him across the river?

(d) What Halachah did he then teach him?

(a) How does Tana de'Bei Eliyahu interpret the Pasuk in Chavakuk "Halichos Olam Lo"?

(b) What important piece of information does he glean from there?

Answers to questions

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