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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Megilah 24

MEGILAH 21-24 (3rd-6th days of Sukos 5760) - sponsored by Harav Ari Bergmann of Lawrence, N.Y., out of love for Torah and those who study it.


(a) What is ...
  1. ... the minimum number of Pesukim that one may Lein per Aliyah?
  2. ... the maximum number of Pesukim that the Ba'al Korei may Lein from the Torah for the translator to translate?
(b) One may normally read *three* Pesukim to a translator from the Navi. When may one only read *one*?

(c) What is one permitted to do in the Navi, what one may not do in the Torah?

(a) What reason does Rav Asi give for the minimum of three Pesukim per Aliyah?

(b) Where (in which Navi) do three consecutive Pesukim which comprise three different Parshiyos occur?

(a) Our Mishnah forbids jumping from one place to another in the Torah. When in fact, is this done?

(b) Abaye attempts to reconcile this with our Mishnah by confining it to when one does take longer than it takes for the translator to finish the translation of the previous Pasuk.
On what grounds do we reject that contention?

(c) How does Abaye finally reconcile the Mishnah in Yoma with our Mishnah?

(d) When is one permitted to jump even from one Seifer in Navi to another? Under what condition?

(a) The person who generally gets Maftir receives three privileges. He is Poreis al Shema and Davens before the Amud.
What is the third privilege (provided he is a Kohen)?

(b) What happens if he is a Katan?

(c) A Katan is permitted to Lein both the Haftarah and in the Torah.
May he be Poreis al Shema, and may he Daven or Duchen?

(a) What is a Pochei'ach?

(b) Why is a Pochei'ach not permitted to Lein, to Daven before the Amud or to Duchen?

(c) Is he permitted to be Poreis al Shema or to translate?

(d) According to the Tana Kama, a blind man is permitted to be Poreis al Shema and to translate.
What does Rebbi Yehudah say?

(a) Rav Papa explains that the person who Leins Maftir receives the three privileges as a matter of Kavod.
What does this mean?

(b) What reason does Rabah bar Shimi give for the privileges?

(c) What is the difference between the two answers? When will the one apply and the other not?

Answers to questions



(a) What makes us think that a Katan Pochei'ach might be permitted to Lein in the Torah?

(b) On what grounds does Abaye rule that he is *not*?

(c) Rebbi Yehudah in our Mishnah forbids a blind man who has never seen, from being Poreis al Shema.
What does he answer the Rabbanan, who ask him how he can then permit the reading of the Ma'aseh ha'Merkavah for the Haftarah (see Mishnah 24a.), seeing as most people cannot understand it?

(a) What is the problem with the Pasuk in Ki Savo "ve'Hayisa Memashesh ba'Tzohorayim ... "?

(b) What happened once to Rebbi Yossi one night, that helped him to understand the Pasuk?

(c) How do the Rabbanan use this Beraisa to explain why a a man who is born blind can be Poreis al Shema?

(a) The Tana Kama forbids a Kohen who has blemished hands to Duchen. What does ...
  1. ... Rebbi Yehudah add to *blemished* hands?
  2. ... the Tana of the Beraisa add to blemished *hands*?
(b) Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi adds a Kohen who has white blotches on his hands. Which two malformities does the Beraisa add to that?

(c) Why were men from Haifa, Beis Sha'an and Tiv'on disqualified from Duchening?

(d) What did Rebbi retort, when Rebbi Chiya told his son Rebbi Shimon that, if had he been a Levi, he would have been Pasul from singing because he had a thick voice?

(a) Seeing as Rav Huna disqualifies a blear-eyed Kohen (who constantly sheds tears) from Duchening, and Rebbi Yochanan, a Kohen who is blind in one eye, how is it that Rav Huna said nothing about a blear-eyed Kohen who Duchened in his vicinity, and neither did Rebbi Yochanan, with regard to a Kohen who was blind in one eye and who Duchened in his vicinity?

(b) In which case does Rebbi Yehudah permit a Kohen whose hands are covered with paint to Duchen?

(a) Why is someone who refuses to go down to the Amud to Daven with colored clothes (or with shoes), forbidden to go down with white clothes (or barefoot)?

(b) What are the two reasons that the Tana forbids wearing round Tefilin?

(c) He also describes someone placing Tefilin shel Rosh or the shel Yad on the wrong spot as Derech ha'Minus.
What is he referring to? Where does the 'Min' place his Tefilin to earn such a title?

(d) Why does the Tana call it 'Derech ha'Chitzonim' (who follow their own minds) if one ...

  1. ... overlays the Tefilin with gold?
  2. ... places the Tefilin shel Yad on top of his sleeve?
(a) The Beraisa requires Tefilin to be square.
What is the source for this?

(b) Which two ramifications does Rava extrapolate from this Halachah?

(c) Why is our Mishnah, which forbids round Tefilin because they are not a Mitzvah, not a support for the Tana of the Beraisa?

Answers to questions

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