REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Megilah 23
MEGILAH 21-24 (3rd-6th days of Sukos 5760) - sponsored by Harav Ari Bergmann
of Lawrence, N.Y., out of love for Torah and those who study it.
(a) The author of our Mishnah cannot be Rebbi Yishmael, who does not permit
adding to the five six and seven Aliyos of Yom-Tov, Yom Kipur and Shabbos
respectively. Neither can it be Rebbi Akiva, even though he agrees with the
Tana of our Mishnah that one may.
Why can the author not then be Rebbi
Akiva? In which point does he *disagree* with the Tana of our Mishnah?
(b) The author of our Mishnah is in fact, Tana de'Bei Rebbi Yishmael.
can Rebbi Yishmael argue with himself?
(a) The Beraisa states that on Yom-Tov, one begins Davenning later than
usual, and concludes earlier.
Why is that?
(b) He also says that on both Yom-Kipur and Shabbos one goes to Shul early.
Why is that?
(c) On the other hand, one concludes late on Yom-Kipur, whereas on Shabbos,
one concludes early.
Is that necessarily because the author of the Beraisa
is Rebbi Akiva, in whose opinion one calls up six people on Shabbos, and
seven on Yom Kipur?
(a) According to some, the three, five and seven Aliyos of weekday, Yom-Tov
and Shabbos respectively represent the three, five and seven words of the
three Pesukim of Birchas Kohanim (see Tosfos above 21b. DH 'Keneged').
Can the seven Aliyos on Shabbos include ...
do others say?
(b) Rav Yosef cited a Beraisa that held the latter view.
Why did he never
teach that Beraisa to Abaye?
(c) What do the six Aliyos on Yom Kipur represent?
(d) In fact, the list of those who stood on Ezra's left contains *seven*
names (Pedayah, Mishael, Malkiyah, Chashum, Chashbadanah, Zecharyah and
So why does Rav Yehudah count them as six?
- ... a Katan?
- ... a woman?
(a) Rav Huna and Rav Yirmiyah bar Aba argue over whether the Maftir is
counted among the seven Aliyos or not. The one who says that he cannot,
quotes Ula as his reason.
Answers to questions
What does Ula say?
(b) What is the minimum number of Pesukim that one Leins from the Navi (for
(c) Why is there no proof from there that the Maftir is counted among the
seven (because otherwise, he should read a minimum of twenty-*four* Pesukim)?
(a) How do we reconcile the Minhag to Lein the Haftarah of "Oloseichem Tamu"
in Yirmiyah (which does not contain twenty-one Pesukim) with the above
Beraisa, which requires a minimum of twenty-one Pesukim?
(b) And how do we reconcile Rav Shmuel bar Aba, who quoted Rebbi Yochanan,
who would often stop the Haftarah after *ten* Pesukim?
(a) What do the following have in common: Porsin al Shema, Tefilah
be'Tzibur, Nesi'as Kapayim (Duchening), K'ri'as ha'Torah and Leining the
(b) What does 'Porsin al Shema' mean?
(c) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Emor "ve'Nikdashti *be'Soch* B'nei
(d) We learn this from a 'Gezeirah-Shavah' ("ve'Nikdashti *be'Soch* B'nei
Yisrael" and "Hibadlu *mi'Toch* ha'Eidah" - referring to the congregation of
Why do we require the second 'Gezeirah-Shavah' - "Hibadlu mi'Toch
*ha'Eidah*" and "ad Masai la'Eidah ha'Ra'ah ha'Zos" (Ki Sisa)? By whom is the
second Pasuk written?
(a) What is 'Ma'amad u'Moshav'?
Why does Birchas ha'Mazon be'Sheim also require a Minyan?
(b) Why does it require at least ten people?
(c) Birchas Aveilim, Tanchumei Aveilim and Birchas Chasanim also require ten.
What is ...
(d) Why is it that the Aveilim are not counted in the Minyan for Birchas
Aveilim, whereas the Chasanim are counted for Birchas Chasanim?
- ... Birchas Aveilim?
- ... Tanchumei Aveilim?
(a) Ten expert assessors are required to assess land, of whom at least one
must be a Kohen. What is the source for that?
(b) Seeing as the ten times "Kohen" incorporates Erchin, animals and land,
why is it that specifically land requires ten assessors?
(c) What is the problem with this entire Derashah? What ought we to say?
(a) A man, like land, requires ten assessors.
Answers to questions
But since when is a man
(b) Why does a man require ten assessors? What is the source for it?