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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Megilah 21

MEGILAH 21-24 (3rd-6th days of Sukos 5760) - sponsored by Harav Ari Bergmann of Lawrence, N.Y., out of love for Torah and those who study it.


(a) From where do we learn that the neck of the Eglah Arufah must be broken by day?

(b) What do we learn from the Pasuk "Zos Tihyeh Toras ha'Metzora be'Yom Taharaso".

(c) We learned in our Mishnah that the cutting of the Omer had to be performed by night.
Which other Mitzvah followed the same pattern as the cutting of the Omer.

(d) What do we learn from the Pasuk (with regard to the Korban Tamid) "Kol ha'Laylah ad ha'Boker"?

(a) Our Mishnah says 'Zeh ha'K'lal, Davar she'Mitzvaso ba'Yom, Kasher Kol ha'Yom'. This comes to include the 'Sidur Bazichin' and the 'Siluk Bazichin', like Rebbi Yossi.
What are the 'Sidur Bazichin' and the 'Siluk Bazichin'?

(b) What does Rebbi Yossi say?

(c) What do the Rabbanan hold?

(d) 'Davar she'Mitzvaso ba'Laylah Kasher Kol ha'Laylah' comes to include the eating of the Korban Pesach, like Rebbi Akiva.
What does Rebbi Elazar ben Azaryah say?

***** Hadran Alach, ha'Korei Lemafrei'a *****

***** ha'Korei es ha'Megilah *****


(a) The Ba'al Korei who Leins the Megilah may sit for the reading of the Megilah.
What do we learn from the Pasuk in Ki Sisa "ve'Atah Poh Amod Imadi"?

(b) What we would not be able to say were it not for this Pasuk?

(c) Which second Halachah (with regard to a Rebbe teaching his disciples) does Rebbi Avahu (who is also the author of the previous statement) learn from this Pasuk?

(a) On an ordinary weekday and at Shabbos Minchah, three people are called up to the Torah.
Why is one not permitted to call up more ...
  1. ... on a weekday?
  2. ... at Shabbos Minchah?
(b) How many people are called up on Rosh Chodesh and on Chol ha'Mo'ed, on Yom-Tov, on Yom Kipur and on Shabbos respectively (according to the Tana of our Mishnah)?

(c) One is never permitted to call up less than the prescribed amount of people.
On which of the above days ...

  1. ... may one call up more?
  2. ... does one read the Haftarah?
(d) How many Berachos did they recite during the Leining in the days of the Mishnah?
(a) What is the Mishnah in Sotah referring to when it says that from the death of Raban Gamliel, Kevod ha'Torah became Bateil?

(b) In one Pasuk in Eikev, Moshe writes "va'Eishev ba'Har"; and in another, va'Anochi Amadti ba'Har". Rav says that Moshe stood when he heard the Halachah from Hashem, but sat down when he reviewed it on his own.
How does Rebbi Chanina answer the discrepancy?

(c) Rebbi Yochanan draws on the Pasuk "va'Teishvu be'Kadesh" to resolve it.
How in fact, does Rebbi Chanina translate the Pasuk "va'Eishev ba'Har"?

(d) Rava answers the Kashya in similar vein to Rav.
How *does* he answer the discrepancy?

Answers to questions



(a) We learned in our Mishnah that even two people may read the Megilah simultaneously.
Why is this permitted, despite the fact that, when it comes to K'ri'as ha'Torah and reading in the Navi, it is forbidden?

(b) Which other reading has the same Din as Megilah in this regard?

(c) Seeing as two people are even forbidden to translate Torah simultaneously, why is this permitted with regard to Navi?

(d) Is there any difference whether two or ten people read the Megilah together?

(a) We learned in our Mishnah that reciting a Berachah over the Megilah depends on the Minhag.
How does Abaye qualify this Halachah? Which Berachah is the Mishnah referring to?

(b) The source for this is the principle of Rav Yehudah Amar Shmuel.
What does that principle teach us?

(c) We know that 'Over' implies 'before' (i.e. in front of) from various sources: some say from "va'Yaratz Achima'atz ... *va'Ya'avor* es ha'Kushi" (Melachim 1), and others, from "*va'Ya'avor* Malkam Lifneihem, va'Hashem be'Rosham" (Michah). Others again, learn it from a Pasuk in Vayishlach. Which Pasuk?

(a) The Si'man for the Berachos that one recites before reading the Megilah is 'M.N.Ch.'.
What does this Si'man represent?

(b) According to some, the Berachah after the Megilah ends 'Baruch Atah Hashem, ha'Nifra le'Yisrael mi'Kol Tzareihem'.
What does Rava say?

(c) What do we therefore do?

(a) According to Rav Asi, the three Aliyos that one Leins on Monday, Thursday and Shabbos Minchah correspond to Torah, Nevi'im and Kesuvim.
What does Rava say?

(b) According to Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi, the ten (minimum) Pesukim that one Leins correspond to the ten Batlanim.
What does Rav Yosef say?

(c) In the opinion of Rebbi Yochanan, they correspond to the ten commands with which Hashem created the world.
How do we reconcile this with the fact that the Pasuk mentions only *nine* commands (i.e. the word "va'Yomer" appears only nine times)?

(a) Since the three Aliyos read (at least) ten Pesukim between them, someone has to read four Pesukim. Whoever reads four, says Rava, is praiseworthy. In this regard, what do we learn from ...
1. ... the three boxes with which they emptied the Terumas ha'Lishkah?
2. ... the Pasuk in Beha'aloscha "el Mul P'nei ha'Menorah Ya'iru Shiv'as ha'Neiros"? Which way was the Menorah placed, according to this opinion?
3. ... the principle 'Ma'alin ba'Kodesh ve'Lo Moridin'?
(b) Whom did Rav Papa praise for Leining four Pesukim in the Beis-Hamedrash of Abi Gubar?

(c) We learned in our Mishnah (as clarified by the Tana in the Beraisa) that only the first person and the last one recited a Berachah over the Leining. Why did the Amora'im change it to our current Minhag (where each person who is called up recites two Berachos)?

(a) The first Parshah of the Rosh Chodesh Leining ("Tzav es B'nei Yisrael") only contains eight Pesukim, creating a problem with regard to the four Aliyos on Rosh Chodesh.
What is the problem with ...
1. ... Leining three Pesukim each, leving Sh'lishi to Lein the last two Pesukim plus the two Pesukim of "u've'Yom ha'Shabbos"?
2. ... dividing it between the Kohen and the Levi - four Pesukim each?
(b) Then let Sh'lishi Lein the two Pesukim of "u've'Yom ha'Shabbos plus *two* Pesukim from "u've'Roshei Chodsheichem", leaving Revi'i to Lein the last three Pesukim?

(c) Then why not let Sh'lishi Lein *three* Pesukim from "u've'Roshei Chodsheichem"?

Answers to questions

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