REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Megilah 19
MEGILAH 16, 17, 18, and 19 (1st day of Sukos) sponsored by a generous grant from an anonymous donor. Kollel Iyun Hadaf is indebted to him for his encouragement and support and prays that Hashem will repay him in kind.
(a) Our Mishnah invalidates a Megilah that is written with Sam, Sikra, Kumus
and Kankantum. 'Sam' is orpiment.
What is ...
(b) The Mishnah also invalidates a Megilah that is written on Neyar or on
Diftera. 'Neyar' is a paper manufactured from herbs using glue.
- ... Sikra?
- ... Kumus?
- ... Kakantum?
(c) What (in connection with the way the Megilah is written) do we learn from
- ... "ki'Ch'savam ve'chi'Z'manam"?
- ... "the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' "va'Tichtov Esther ha'Malkah" (Esther) and "va'Yomer Lahem Baruch ... va'Ani Kosev al ha'Seifer u'vi'D'yo" (Yirmiyah)?
(a) According to Rebbi Meir, one has to read the entire Megilah, and
according to Rebbi Yehudah, from "Ish Yehudi".
What does Rebbi Yossi say?
(b) What is the fourth opinion?
(a) The Tana of our Mishnah states that if a ben Ir who is in a K'rach on the
fourteenth intends to return, he reads on the fourteenth, otherwise, he reads
on the fifteenth; and the same goes for a ben K'rach who is in an Ir on the
By when must the latter intend to leave the Ir in order not to
read on the fourteenth night?
(b) What is the Din regarding a ben Ir who intends to remain in the K'rach
until the morning of the fifteenth?
(c) What do we learn from the Pasuk "Al-kein ha'Yehudim ha'P'razim,
*ha'Yoshvim be'Arei ha'P'razos*"?
(d) How do we know to apply the same principle to a 'Mukaf for a day'?
(a) Why does Rava say that a ben K'far who is in an Ir on the night of the
fourteenth, reads the Megilah then (even if he read the Megilah already),
even if he intends to return before the morning?
(b) The Beraisa states that a ben K'rach who went to an Ir reads like his
place, even if he intends to remain there until the fourteenth morning.
can this Beraisa not be correct the way it stands?
(c) So we change 'a ben K'rach' to 'a ben K'far'. Rava reconciles the Beraisa
with his previous statement by making a further change in the Beraisa.
(a) We learned earlier that the Tana'im argue over how much one needs to read
in order to be Yotze. According to Rebbi Yochanan, they all derive their
respective opinions from the same source, from "es Kol Tokef".
How does ...
(b) According to Rav Huna, they all derive it from "u'Mah Ra'u al Kachah,
u'Mah Higi'a Aleihem".
- ... Rebbi Meir (who says 'all of it') learn it from there?
- ... Rebbi Yehudah (who says from 'Ish Yehudi')?
- ... Rebbi Yossi ('Achar ha'Devarim ha'Eileh")?
- ... Rebbi Shimon bar Yochai ('ba'Laylah ha'Hu')?
Why did ...
(c) Like whom is the Halachah?
- ... Achashverosh use the holy vessels of the Beis Hamikdash, and what happened because of it?
- ... Mordechai incite Haman by refusing to bow down to him, and what happened because of it?
- ... Haman become angry with all the Jews, and what happened because of it?
- ... Achashverosh decide to send for the Book of Chronicles, and what happened because of it?
(d) In which point do they all agree?
(a) In which regard is the Megilah called ...
Answers to questions
(b) What does Rav Nachman mean when he adds that the threads must be
- ... a Seifer?
- ... an Igeres?
(c) Under which condition is a Megilah that is written as part of Kesuvim,
The Sugyos of Rebbi Chiya bar Aba Amar Rebbi Yochanan.
(d) When is a Megilah Kasher even if it is level with the rest of Kesuvim?
(a) Rebbi Yochanan said that leaving a little of a Seifer unstitched at the
top and at the bottom is 'Halachah le'Moshe mi'Sinai'.
How does Rebbi Chiya
bar Aba modify this statement?
(b) What would have happened had the tiniest crack remained in the rock of
the cave in which Moshe Rabeinu, and later Eliyahu, hid, and which Hashem
covered with His Hand (Kevayachol) when He went past?
(c) We learn from the Pasuk in Ki Sisa (with regard to the Luchos)
"va'Aleihem ke'Chol ha'Devarim Asher Diber Hashem Imachem ba'Har", that
Hashem showed Moshe 'Dikdukei Torah, Dikdukei Sofrim, u'Mah she'ha'Sofrim
Asidin le'Chadeish'. 'Mah she'ha'Sofrim Asidin le'Chadeish' refers to Mikra
What are ...
- ... 'Dikdukei Torah'?
- ... 'Dikdukei Sofrim'?
(a) The Tana Kama invalidates a Cheresh, Shotah or Katan from reading the
What does Rebbi Yehudah say?
(b) Assuming that a Cheresh is not even Yotze Bedieved, who will be the
author of our Mishnah?
(c) What makes us initially presume that, according to the Tana of our
Mishnah, a Cheresh is not even Yotze Bedieved?
(a) We then suggest that a Cheresh does not necessarily need to tally with a
Shoteh, and that the author could therefore be Rebbi Yehudah.
What is the
problem with this?
(b) How do we nevertheless establish both the Reisha and the Seifa of our
Mishnah like Rebbi Yehudah?
(c) How will establishing our Mishnah like Rebbi Yehudah create a problem
with the Beraisa of Yehudah the son of Rebbi Shimon ben Pazi, who permits a
dumb person to give Terumah Lechatchilah (despite the fact that he is unable
to recite a Berachah)?
(d) Why is it no better to establish our Mishnah like Rebbi Yossi (in which
case Rebbi Yehudah will permit a dumb person even Lechatchilah)? Which
Beraisa (in connection with Birchas ha'Mazon) will then be problematic?
(a) We establish the Beraisa (of Rebbi Shimon ben Pazi) like Rebbi Yehudah.
Then who will be the author of the previous Beraisa, which forbids Benching
Answers to questions
(b) What does Rebbi Meir learn from the Pasuk "Asher Anochi Metzav'cha ha'Yom
(c) How does this enable us to reastablish the two Beraisos currently under