REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Megilah 5
MEGILAH 2-5 (Elul 27-Rosh Hashanah 5760) - have been dedicated by Dr.
Jack and Sarah Dimenstein of Zurich Switzerland. May they be blessed
with a year of health and prosperity, physical and spiritual!
(a) According to Rav, when may one read the Megilah on one's own and when
does one require a Minyan?
(b) What does Rav Asi say?
(c) What happened once when Rav had no Minyan on the fourteenth? In light of
his opinion (quoted in a.), why did he do that?
(a) Rav is quoted as saying that, when Purim falls on Shabbos, its time is on
What is surprising about this statement?
(b) How do we therefore try to amend it, but in a way that leaves us with a
contradiction in Rav (who said earlier that when the Megilah is read not in
its regular time, it requires a Minyan)?
(c) How do we finally explain Rav's latter statement in a way that it does
not clash with the former one?
(a) Why do we bring Purim forward (rather than postpone it) when it falls on
(b) What does Rebbi Aba Amar Shmuel (who gave the previous explanation) learn
from the Pasuk in Bo "le'Chodshei ha'Shanah"?
(c) And what do the Rabbanan of Caesaria quoting Rebbi Aba learn from the
Pasuk in Beha'aloscha "Ad Chodesh Yamim"?
(a) When Tish'ah be'Av, Chagigah or Hakheil fall due on Shabbos, they are
Why do we postpone (rather than advance) ...
(b) We learned in a Beraisa that one postpones, not only Chagigah, but also
'the time of Chagigah'. Rav Oshaya explains that this refers to the Olas
- ... Tish'ah be'Av?
- ... Chagigah and Hakheil?
What does the Tana then mean to say? Who is then the author of
(c) Rava learns that the Tana is coming to restrict the time of the Chagigah;
Rav Ashi, that he is coming to extend it.
What is the Tana saying according
- ... Rava?
- ... Rav Ashi?
(a) Beis Hillel agree with Beis Shamai that if Shavu'os falls on Shabbos,
then Yom Tavo'ach takes place after Shabbos.
Answers to questions
What is Yom Tavo'ach?
(b) In which case do Beis Hillel then *argue* with Beis Shamai? What do they
(a) Rebbi Chanina testified that Rebbi did three controversial things with
which the Rabbanan disagreed: He testified that he did something on Purim,
that he bathed on Shiv'ah-Asar be'Tamuz in the market-place of Tzipori at the
time when the wagons drove past, and that he wanted to rescind Tish'ah be'Av.
What did he do on Purim?
(b) When Rebbi Aba bar Zavda amended the third testimony, Rebbi Chanina
quoted the Pasuk in Koheles "Tovim Sh'nayim min ha'Echad").
What did Rebbi
want to do according to Rebbi Aba bar Zavda's amendment?
(a) What does the Tana of Rav Yosef's Beraisa learn from the Pasuk in Esther
(b) We try to answer the Kashya that the latter Derashah presents on Rebbi
(who planted a sapling on Purim), by explaining that Rebbi planted the
sapling on the fifteenth, although he was really a townsman.
- ... "Simchah"?
- ... "u'Mishteh"?
- ... "ve'Yom-Tov"?
What is wrong
with this explanation?
(c) So we switch round the facts. In fact, Rebbi's time was the fifteenth,
and he planted the sapling on the fourteenth.
How do we then resolve this
with Chizkiyah (who also lived in Teverya and) who had a Safek whether
Teverya was a Mukaf or not?
(d) What did Chizkiyah used to do on Purim with regard to reading the
(a) How will we reconcile Rebbi with Rava's interpretation of what is written
in Megilas Ta'anis (that it is forbidden to make a Hesped on both the
fourteenth and the fifteenth)?
(b) Then why did Rav curse that man whom he found sowing flax-seeds on Purim?
(c) This entire Sugya to date is based on the Pasuk in Esther "Simchah
What is the Gemara's conclusion with regard to this
(a) Seeing as, when all's said and done, work on Purim is not forbidden, why
did Rav curse that man whom he found working on Purim?
(b) Perhaps in Teverya (Rebbi's town) there was no such custom.
we explain the fact that Rebbi planted saplings on Purim even if there *was*?
(c) We learn this from the Mishnah in Ta'anis, which states that if the
thirteen fasts past and still no rain came, one tended to diminish among
other things, a tree of Simchah and a Binyan shel Simchah.
What is a Binyan
(a) What did Hatzidim, Tzeir, Chamas, Rakas and Kineres have in common?
(b) What is Rakas better known as? What unusual feature does it have that
caused Chizkiyah to doubt whether it falls under the category of Mukafin or
(c) What does the Beraisa learn from the Pasuk in Behar ...
(d) Then why does Chizkiyah even contend with the possibility that Teverya
might be a Mukaf? Why might the Din of Mukaf on Purim differ from that of
Batei Arei Chomah?
- ... "Asher Lo Chomah"?
- ... "Saviv"?
(a) To which tribe did Hutzal belong?
Answers to questions
(b) According to the first Lashon, Rav Asi was not sure whether Hutzal was
surrounded by a wall from the time of Yehoshua bin Nun or not.
What did he
hold, according to the second Lashon?