ANSWERS TO REVIEW QUESTIONS
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Megilah 31
(a) Nowadays in Chutz la'Aretz (when there are two days Yom-Tov) ...
1. ... one reads the Haftarah of Yoshiyah ha'Melech from Melachim 2 - on the
second day of Pesach?
(b) On the seventh day of Pesach ...
2. ... one Leins on the four days of Chol ha'Mo'ed (whose Si'man is
'M.a.p.u.' - i.e. 'Mem', 'Aleph', 'Pey', 'Vav') - "*M*ishchu u'K'chu Lachem
Tzon" (Bo); "*I*m Kesef Talveh" (Mishpatim); "*P*'sal Lecha" (Ki Sisa);
"*v*a'Yedaber Hashem .. " (Beha'aloscha).
1. ... they (and we) Lein Shiras ha'Yam - because it was on that night that
they crossed the Yam-Suf.
(c) On the eighth day of Pesach - they Lein "Kol ha'B'chor" (Re'ei).
2. ... they (and we) read the Haftarah "va'Yedaber David" because is a
Shirah, besides the fact that it refers to Yetzi'as Mitzra'im.
(d) They read the Haftarah of "Od ha'Yom" from Yeshayah on the eighth day -
because the downfall of Sancheriv (about which it speaks) took place on
(a) In practice, the current Minhag largely differs from the above Beraisa.
The first half of the Si'man for all the eight days is 'M'shach' ("Mishchu,
u'K'chu Lachem Tzon" - Bo); 'Tura' ("Shor O Kesef" - Emor); 'Kadeish'
("Kadeish Li Kol Bechor" - Bo) 'be'Kaspa' ("Im Kesef Talveh - Mishpatim).
The second half is 'Pasal' ("P'sol Lecha" - Ki Sisa) 'be'Madbera'
("va'Yedaber Hashem" - Beha'aloscha) 'Shelach' ("va'Yehi be'Shalach Par'oh -
Beshalach) 'Buchra' ("Kol ha'B'chor" - Re'ei).
The one Yom-Tov d'Oraysa on which the entire Leining remains unchanged from
the ruling of the Beraisa, is Yom Kipur.
(b) On Shavu'os, says the Tana Kama of the Beraisa, one Leins "Shiv'ah
Shavu'os" (Re'ei), and reads the Haftarah from Chavakuk; according to
Acheirim (Rebbi Meir), one Leins "ba'Chodesh ha'Shelishi" (Yisro) and the
Haftarah in 'Ma'aseh ha'Merkavah'. In Chutz la'Aretz nowadays - one does
like both opinions, but in the reverse order.
(c) On Rosh Hashanah, according to the Tana Kama, one Leins "ba'Chodesh
ha'Shevi'i" (Pinchas), and the Haftarah, the episode of Chanah (Shmuel) ;
others (Rebbi Nasan) say, "va'Hashem Pakad es Sarah" (va'Yeira), and the
Haftarah "ha'Vein Yakir Li Ephrayim" (Yirmiyah). On the first day, we follow
the opinion of Rebbi Nasan. On the second day ...
1. ... we Lein - the Akeidah (the continuation of what we Leined on the
(d) We Lein the Haftarah of ...
2. ... we read the Haftarah of "ha'Vein Yakir Li Ephrayim".
1. ... Chanah on the first day of Rosh Hashanah - because that is the day on
which Chanah was remembered (i.e. when she became pregnant).
2. ... "ha'Vein Yakir Li Ephrayim" on the second - because it contains the
phrases "Zachor Ezkerenu" and "Racheim Arachmenu" (Zichronos which are most
appropriate for Yom ha'Zikaron).
1. In the morning - we Lein - the Avodah of Yom Kipur from Acharei-Mos, and
the Haftarah from Yeshayah "Ki Choh Amar Hashem Ram ve'Nisa" (which points
out the difference between fake Teshuvah and the genuine article).
2. At Minchah - we Lein the Parshah of Arayos (to remind the sinners to
desist) and the Haftarah, Seifer Yonah - which deals with the Teshuvah of
the people of Ninvei.
(a) Based on one of the Pesukim in the Haftarah on Yom Kipur (Yeshayah),
Rebbi Yochanan makes a statement. He learns from the Pasuk "Koh Amar Hashem,
'Ram ve'Nisa Shochen Ad ve'Kadosh ... ve'es Daka u'Sh'fal Ru'ach' " - that
where Hashem's greatness is mentioned, there one will also find His
(b) He has another source for this in a Pasuk in Torah ("Ki Hashem
Elokeichem Hu Elokei ha'Elohim v'Adonei ha'Adonim ... Oseh Mishpat Yasom
ve'Almanah" - Eikev), and a third Pasuk in Kesuvim ("Solu la'Rochev
ba'Aravos be'Kah Shemo ... Avi Yesomim ve'Dayan Almanos").
(c) According to the Tana of the Beraisa, on the first day of Sukos we Lein
the Parshah of Mo'ados from Emor, and the Haftarah "Hinei Yom Hashem Bo"
(Zecharyah), because it deals with the celebration of Chag ha'Sukos. On
the second day in Chutz la'Aretz ...
1. ... they Lein - the same as the first day.
2. ... they read (from Melachim 1) - "va'Yikahalu el ha'Melech Shlomoh"
(which follows the Chanukas Beis ha'Mikdash, which covered Sukos).
(a) On Shemini Atzeres, they Lein "Kol ha'Bechor" (Re'ei). They begin
already from "Aser te'Aser" (which they do not do on Pesach) - because it
contains many Mitzvos, mainly concerning Matnos Aniyim, which are currently
applicable at that time of year).
(b) The Haftarah is from Melachim "va'Yikahalu el ha'Melech Shlomoh" -
because it mentions there that on Shemini Atzeres, Shlomoh sent the people
(c) On Simchas Torah, they Lein "ve'Zos ha'B'rachah". According to the Tana
of the Beraisa, they read the Haftarah - "va'Ya'amod Shlomoh (Melachim 1),
which deals with the inauguration of the Beis ha'Mikdash, which covered
Sukos (see Tosfos DH 'le'Machar').
(a) They (and we) Lein both on Chol ha'Mo'ed Pesach and on Chol ha'Mo'ed
Sukos - "Re'ei Atah Omer Elai" (Ki Sisa), which contains the Mitzvos of
Shabbos, Yom-Tov and above all, the source for Chol ha'Mo'ed.
(b) They read the Haftarah ...
1. ... of the dry bones of Yechezkel on Shabbos, Chol ha'Mo'ed Pesach -
because purportedly, Techi'as ha'Meisim will take place on Pesach (though
this is not the reason that Rashi gives).
(c) On Chanukah, we Lein the Parshah of the Chanukas ha'Nesi'im (Naso). The
Haftarah that we read ...
2. ... of Gog and Magog on Shabbos, Chol ha'Mo'ed Sukos - because similarly,
the battle of Gog and Magog will take place on Sukos.
1. ... on the *first* Shabbos of Chanukah - is that of the Neiros of
(d) On Purim, we Lein "va'Yavo Amalek", and on Rosh Chodesh, "u'v'Roshei
Chodsheichem". The Haftarah that we read when Rosh Chodesh falls ...
2. ... on the *second* Shabbos of Chanukah (should Chanukah fall on
Shabbos) - is that of the Menoros that Shlomoh had made for the Beis
Hamikdash (Melachim 1).
1. ... on Shabbos is - "ve'Hayah Midei Chodesh be'Chodsho" (Yeshayah).
2. ... on Sunday is - "Machar Chodesh" (Shmuel 1).
(a) When Rosh Chodesh Av falls on Shabbos, we read the Haftarah from
Yeshayah "Chodsheichem u'Mo'adeichem San'ah Nafshi, Hayu Alai la'Torach"
(according to Rav Huna Amar Rav - see Tosfos DH 'Rosh Chodesh'). "Hayu Alai
la'Torach" - is Hashem's reaction to Yisrael, who challenged Him to tell
them what hard punishment He was going to mete out to them.
(b) According to Rav Huna Amar Rav, the Haftarah that we read on Tish'ah
be'Av is - "Eichah Haysah le'Zonah" (the same paragraph as "Chodsheichem
u'Mo'adeichem San'ah Nafshi ... ").
(c) Various Amora'im give various rulings as to what one Leins on Tish'ah
be'Av. The Gemara's conclusion is - "Ki Solid Banim" (Va'eschanan).
(d) And the Haftarah is - "Asof Asifem" (Yirmiyah).
(a) The men of the Ma'amados Lein from Ma'aseh Bereishis - because the world
would not continue to exist without the Ma'amados (which represent the
(b) Avraham's concern, when ...
1. ... Hashem told him that his children would inherit Eretz Yisrael - was
whether, like the Cana'anim who preceded them, they would not be expelled
from the land, should they sin.
(c) Hashem replied that - even when they were unable to actually bring
Korbanos they were able to learn about them, and learning about them is
considered as if they had actually brought them.
2. ... Hashem informed him that the world rests on the merit of the Korbanos
was - that that was fine as long as the Beis Hamikdash stood, but what will
happen when it is destroyed (and that, in spite of Hashem's answer to his
(a) According to Rebbi Chiya bar Gamda Amar Rebbi Asi, it is forbidden to
stop in the middle of the K'lalos, because it looks as if one is rejecting
Hashem's Musar. Resh Lakish says - that it is because one does not recite a
Berachah over the K'lalos.
(b) The person who is called for the K'lalos avoids reciting a Berachah over
them - by starting at least three Pesukim before the commencement of the
K'lalos, and stopping at least three Pesukim after them (see Tosfos DH
(c) One is permitted to stop during the K'lalos of Ki Savo (even though the
Minhag is not to do so) - because they were said by Moshe Rabeinu (who spoke
his own thoughts (even though he had Ru'ach ha'Kodesh at the time); whereas
the K'lalos in Bechukosai were the words that Hashem dictated to Moshe
(d) Levi bar Buti (the Ba'al Korei) was once Leining the K'lalos in Ki Savo
in front of Rav Huna - and he was stammering over them, as he found it
difficult to continue without a pause. So Rav Huna told him what we just
learned (that one is permitted to stop in the K'lalos of Ki Savo).
(a) Ezra instituted a dual Takanah regarding the K'lalos: He instituted that
one should finish the K'lalos in Bechukosai before Shavuos in order to leave
the curses behind us in the new year - and that one should finish the
K'lalos of Ki Savo before Rosh Hashanah (for the same reason) - See Tosfos
(b) Shavuos is called the new year for the fruit of the tree, according to
Rebbi Yehudah (as we learned in Rosh Hashanah).
(c) Rebbi Shimon ben Elazar (who is also the author of the Beraisa quoted in
a.) made a statement for which he gave the Si'man 'Rechav'am ben Shlomoh'.
What he said was - that when the elders say 'Destroy' and the children say
'Build', then destroy ... because the demolition of the elders, is in
effect, building, and the building of the children, demolition. Rechav'am is
a good example of this.
(a) The author of our Mishnah, which says that what one Leins at Shabbos
Minchah, on Monday and on Thursday, is not deducted from the Shabbos
Leining, is Rebbi Yehudah. Rebbi Meir says - that at Shabbos Minchah one
begins Leining where they left-off that morning, and likewise on Monday
morning, they begin where they left-off at Shabbos Minchah, on Thursday,
where they left-off on Monday and on Shabbos morning, where they left-off on
(b) Rebbi Zeira rules that whatever one Leins at Shabbos Minchah, on Monday
and on Thursday is repeated the following Shabbos. He did not rule
specifically like Rebbi Yehudah - because he switched their opinions (nor
did he rule like Rebbi Meir, because he was aware of our version of the