POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Megilah 31
1) SPECIAL SEASONAL TORAH READINGS
(a) (Mishnah): On fast days, we read the blessings and curses;
2) READINGS ON THE MINOR HOLIDAYS
(b) We do not interrupt the curses, one person reads them all.
(c) On Monday, Thursday and Shabbos afternoon we read from the
coming weekly Parsha;
(d) This does not count towards reading the Parsha, and the
entire Parsha is read the coming Shabbos.
(e) "And Moshe spoke the holidays of Hashem to Bnei Yisrael" -
that they should read about each holiday in its time.
(f) (Gemara - Beraisa): The Torah readings and Haftorahs for
the holidays are as follows:
1. Pesach - 1st day: the Parsha of the holidays; the
Haftorah is the Korban Pesach brought in Gilgal;
(g) R. Yochanan: Wherever Hashem's greatness is mentioned, his
humility is mentioned right after this - in Torah,
prophets, and Kesuvim.
2. 2nd day: the Haftorah is the Pesach brought in the days
3. Intermediate days: we read from various Parshas relating
4. (Rav Papa): a mnemonic for them is MAFO (Mishchu, Im
Kesef, Pesal Lecha, va'Yedaber).
5. 7th day: "va'Yehi b'Shalach"; Haftorah - "va'Yedaber
6. 8th day: "Kal ha'Bechor", and "Od ha'Yom".
i. (Abaye): Today the custom is to read on the 8
days: "Meshech, Tura, Kadesh, b'Kaspa, Pesal,
b'Madbera, Shelach, Buchra".
7. Shavuous: "7 weeks"; the Haftorah is in Chabakuk; others
say, "In the 3rd month", and the chariot (in
i. Today that we have 2 days of Yom Tov, we read as
the 2nd Tana says on the 1st day, and as the 1st
Tana says on the 2nd day.
8. Rosh Hashanah: "In the 7th month"; the Haftorah is
"ha'Ben Yakir Li"; others say, "And Hashem remembered
Sarah", the Haftorah is about Chana.
i. Today that we have 2 days of Yom Tov, we read as
the 2nd Tana says on the 1st day; on the 2nd day,
"And Hashem tested Avraham", and "ha'Ben Yakir
9. Yom Kipur: "After the death", and "So said the Exalted";
at Minchah we read the prohibitions of incest, and the
Haftorah is Sefer Yonah.
1. In Torah - "Hashem is Lord of Lords ... and does justice
for orphans and widows".
(h) Sukos: 1st day - the Parsha of the festivals; the Haftorah
is "A day is coming to Hashem".
2. In the prophets - "So says the Great and Exalted ... and
dwells with the afflicted and those of a low spirit."
3. In Kesuvim - "Praise He who rides on the deserts ... the
father of orphans and the judge of widows".
(i) 2nd day: the same Torah reading, and "King Shlomo
(j) The rest of Sukos: the Korbanos of each day.
(k) Shmini Atzeres: Mitzvahs, statutes and "Every firstborn";
the Haftorah is "When Shlomo finished"
(l) Simchas Torah: "And this is the blessing"; "And Shlomo
(m) (Rav Huna): The Shabbos of Chol ha'Moed (of both Pesach and
Sukos) we read "See, you say ...". On Pesach, the Haftorah
is "These dry bones"; on Sukos, "On the day Gog will come".
(a) Chanukah: The (inauguration of the Mishkan by the) princes;
the Haftorah (on Shabbos) is the lamps in Zecharyah.
(b) If there is a 2nd Shabbos, its Haftorah is the lamps of
(c) Purim: "And Amalek came".
(d) Rosh Chodesh: "On your Rosh Chodeshes"
(e) When Rosh Chodesh falls on Shabbos, the Haftorah is "And it
will be on every Rosh Chodesh".
(f) When Rosh Chodesh falls on Sunday, the Haftorah of the
previous day is "And Yonason said to him, tomorrow is Rosh
(g) (Rav Huna): When Rosh Chodesh Av falls on Shabbos, the
Haftorah is "My soul abhors your Rosh Chodeshes and
1. " ... They are a burden to me" - they force Hashem to
devise an appropriate punishment.
(h) (Rav): On Tisha b'Av, the Haftorah is "How did she become
as a harlot".
1. (Beraisa): Others say, the Torah reading is "If you will
not listen to me"; R. Nasan Bar Yosef says, "How long
will this nation despise me"; some say "How long for
this evil congregation".
2. (Abaye): The custom is to read "When you will have
children", and the Haftorah, "I will gather them".
(a) (Mishnah): On Ma'amados we read about the creation of the
4) BLESSINGS AND CURSES
(b) (R. Ami): Heaven and earth would not endure without the
merit of Ma'amados.
(c) Avraham asked Hashem: If Yisrael sins, will they be
destroyed or scattered? Hashem: No.
(d) Avraham: How can I know this? Hashem: Take for me a calf
(e) Avraham: What will happen when there is no Beis ha'Mikdash?
Hashem: When they read the Parshas of sacrifices, I
consider it as if they offered them, and I will forgive
(a) (Mishnah): On fast days we read blessings and curses; we do
not stop in the middle of the curses.
5) THE READING OF MONDAY, THURSDAY AND SHABBOS AFTERNOON
1. Question: Why not?
(b) (Beraisa): The one who reads the curses starts a verse
before them, and reads a verse after them.
2. Answer#1 (R. Chiya Bar Gamda): "Do not despise the
rebuke of Hashem".
3. Answer#2 (Reish Lakish): We do not bless on punishments.
1. (Abaye): This applies to the curses in Vayikra, but not
those in Devarim.
(c) Levi Bar Buti was hurriedly rambling the curses in Devarim.
Rav Huna told him, he can stop in the middle.
2.The former were said in the plural, by Hashem; the latter
were said in the singular, by Moshe.
(d) (Beraisa -R. Shimon Ben Elazar): Ezra enacted that we
should read the curses in Vayikra before Shavuous, and
those in Devarim before Rosh Hashanah.
1. (Abaye): This is so we should finish the year and its
(e) (Beraisa - R. Shimon Ben Elazar): If elders tell you to
destroy, and youths tell you to build, listen to the elders
- their destruction is building, and the building of youths
is destruction, as we see by Rechavam.
2. Question: This does not explain those in Vayikra!
3. Answer: It does! - a Mishnah teaches that Shavuous is
also a new year - it is the judgment day for fruits.
(a) (Beraisa - R. Meir): Each time we read the Torah (Shabbos
morning, Shabbos afternoon, Monday, and Thursday) we begin
reading where we stopped the previous time;
(b) R. Yehudah: Where we stop Shabbos morning, we begin Shabbos
afternoon, Monday, Thursday and the coming Shabbos morning.
(c) R. Zeira: The law is, where we stop Shabbos morning, we
begin Shabbos afternoon, Monday, Thursday and the coming
(d) Question: Let him simply say, the law is as R. Yehudah!
(e) Answer: He had to say the law explicitly, since some learn
that the opinions of R. Meir and R. Yehudah are switched
(from our text of the Beraisa).