POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Megilah 26
1) WE ASCEND IN HOLINESS
(a) (Mishnah - continued): City dwellers that sold coverings
may buy Seforim; if the sold Seforim, they may buy a
2) LAWS OF YERUSHALAYIM
(b) It is not permitted to descend (if they sold a Sefer
Torah, they may not but Seforim, etc.).
(c) The same applies to money left over.
(d) (Gemara - Rabah Bar Bar Chanah): Our Mishnah is like R.
Menachem Bar Yosi; Chachamim argue and say that there is
no sanctity to the street.
1. R. Menachem says that it has sanctity, since we pray
in it on fast days.
(e) (R. Shmuel Bar Nachmani): Our Mishnah deals with a
village shul, but a shul of a big city may not be sold,
since people come to it from surrounding areas.
2. Chachamim argue, since that is not a fixed usage.
(f) (Rav Ashi): The shul of our city may be sold. Even though
outsiders come, they consent to my opinion.
(g) Question (Beraisa - R. Yehudah): There was a shul of
smelters in Yerushalayim (which is a big city); it was
sold to R. Eliezer, who used it for his needs.
(h) Answer: That was a small shul, which they made
(a) Question (Beraisa): A plague can come "In a house of your
inheritance", but not in Yerushalayim, since Yerushalayim
was not divided among the tribes;
3) THE SANCTITY OF A SHUL CAN END
(b) R. Yehudah says that this only applies to Makom Mikdash
1. We infer, shuls and Beis Medrashes can receive
(c) Answer: Read R. Yehudah to say that 'this only applies to
*Makom Mekudash* (a holy place).
2. If shuls of a big city are considered public
property, why can they receive plagues?
(d) The first Tana holds that Yerushalayim was divided among
the tribes; R. Yehudah says that it was not.
1. Other Tana'im also argued about this. The coming
Tana says that Yerushalayim was divided among the
(e) (Beraisa): The portion of Yehudah included the Temple
mount, the chambers and courtyards of the Temple.
(f) The portion of Binyamin included the Ulam, the Heichal,
and the Holy of Holies.
1. A strip extended from Yehudah's portion into
Binyamin's; on it, the altar was built.
(g) This Tana says that Yerushalayim was not split among the
tribes (Beraisa): We don't rent houses in Yerushalayim,
since the houses are not owned.
2. Binyamin always wished that it was his; therefore,
he merited to host the Divine Presence.
(h) R. Eliezer says, even beds may not be rented. Innkeepers
used to forcefully take the skins of sacrifices.
1. (Abaye): We see that it is proper to leave one's
empty bottles and skins (of animals he slaughtered)
for one's host.
(a) (Rava): Our Mishnah is when the city dwellers sold the
shul. If the 7 directors of the city publicly sold it,
the money may be used for anything, even to drink beer!
(b) Question (Ravina): May I plant on the ruins of a shul?
4) THINGS USED FOR MITZVAHS OR HOLY PURPOSES
(c) Answer (Rav Ashi): Publicly buy it from the 7 directors,
then plant on it.
(d) (Rav Chisda): One may not destroy a shul until a new one
has been built.
1. Question (Rami Bar Aba): That is because they may
neglect to build the new one. If I have started
building a shul, may I take beams from an old shul?
(e) (Rava): If one sells or trades a shul, the shul loses its
sanctity; but not if one rents it or puts a lien on it
2. Answer (Rav Papa and Rav Huna Brei d'Rav Yehoshua):
1. In the 1st 2 cases, its sanctity transfers; in the
latter 2 cases, it keeps its sanctity.
(f) The same applies to bricks of a shul. If sold or traded,
they lose their sanctity; if they are borrowed, they do
(g) This only applies to bricks of a shul that was used. If
the shul was never used, they have no sanctity.
1. Even the opinion that says that designation counts,
that only applies to weaving a garment to use as
shrouds. Our case is like spinning thread to weave
(a preliminary preparation) - all agree, it has no
(h) Rav Acha and Ravina argued if the sanctity of a shul goes
away if it is given as a gift.
1. The one that says no - because there is nothing to
which the sanctity can transfer!
2. The other opinion says that one only gives if a gift
if he received - giving is like selling!
(a) (Beraisa): *Tashmishei* (things which were used for a)
Mitzvah may be discarded, such as a Sukah, a lulav, a
shofar, and Tzitzis;
(b) Tashmishei Kedushah, such as bags for Seforim, Tefilin,
and Mezuzahs, the casing of a Sefer Torah or Tefilin, and
(c) (Rava): I used to think that a Bimah (podium) is
Tashmishei Tashmish (and has no sanctity); when I saw
that people place a Torah on it (with nothing in
between), I realized that it is Tashmishei Kedushah (and
(d) (Rava): I used to think that the inner curtain of the ark
is Tashmishei Tashmish; when I saw that people rest
Seforim on it, I realized that it is Tashmishei Kedushah.
(e) (Rava): An ark which is coming apart may be made into a
smaller ark, but not into a Bimah.
(f) (Rava): Worn out curtains (of the ark) may be made into
cover for a Sefer Torah, but not for a Chumash.
(g) (Rava): Bags which carry Sefer Torahs are Tashmishei
Kedushah, and must be buried.
1. One might have thought, they are merely for
protection, not for honor.
(h) Jews from Rome had built a shul which was open to a room
with a corpse. Kohanim wanted to enter, to daven.
1. Rava: The ark is a wooden vessel made to be
stationary, therefore, it cannot become impure, so
it blocks the impurity of the corpse. Move the ark!
(i) (Mar Zutra): Worn-out covers of Seforim may be made into
shrouds - this is their burial!
2. Question (Rabanan): Sometimes it is moved with a
Sefer Torah on it - it should not be considered
3. (Retraction - Rava): If so, we have no solution.
(j) (Rava): A worn-out Sefer Torah is buried next to a
Chacham - even one who only learned Mishnah.
1. (Rav Acha Bar Yakov): It should be put it
earthenware, so it will last.
(k) (Rav Papi): One may convert a shul into a Beis Medrash,
but not vice-versa.
1. Rav Papa learned the other way - one may convert a
Beis Medrash into a shul, but not vice-versa.