POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous daf Megilah 24
MEGILAH 21-24 (3rd-6th days of Sukos 5760) - sponsored by Harav Ari Bergmann
of Lawrence, N.Y., out of love for Torah and those who study it.
1) READING IN THE TORAH AND PROPHETS
(a) (Mishnah): In the prophets, one may read 3 verses at a
time, before they are translated; if they are in
different Parshas, they are read individually;
2) WHO LEADS THE CONGREGATION
(b) We may skip while reading in the prophets, but not in
(c) One may only skip an amount that he can roll the Sefer to
the new place before the translator finishes translating.
(d) (Gemara - Rav Asi): The 3 verses correspond to Torah,
prophets, and Kesuvim.
(e) We find an example of 3 verses, each in a different
Parsha, in Yeshayahu.
(f) (Mishnah): We may skip in the prophets, but not in Torah.
1. Question (Beraisa): The Kohen Gadol skipped when
reading the Torah on Yom Kipur!
(g) (Beraisa): We may not skip from a prophet to a different
prophet; within the 12 prophets, we may, but only in
2. Answer#1 (Abaye): He may only skip within the time
it takes the translator to translate.
3. Question: But this was taught (in the Mishnah)
regarding the permission to skip in the prophets -
this implies, such skipping is not allowed in Torah!
4. Answer#2 (Abaye): We may only skip in Torah within
5. Support (Beraisa): We can skip in Torah within 1
subject; in the prophets, to a 2nd subject; in both
cases, we may not skip longer than it takes the
translator to translate.
(a) (Mishnah): The one who usually reads Maftir is Pores Al
Shma, Over Lifnei ha'Teivah, and says Birkas Kohanim;
(b) If he is a child, his father or Rebbe Over Lifnei
ha'Teivah in his place.
(c) A child may read the Torah and translate, but he may not
Pores Al Shma, Over Lifnei ha'Teivah, nor give Birkas
(d) One whose clothing is torn may Pores Al Shma or
translate, but he may not read in the Torah, Over Lifnei
ha'Teivah, nor give Birkas Kohanim.
(e) A blind person may Pores Al Shma or translate; R. Yehuda
says that if he has never sun the luminaries, he may not
Pores Al Shma.
(f) (Gemara): Why does the Maftir Over Lifnei ha'Teivah?
(g) Answer#1 (Rav Papa): To honor him.
(h) Answer#2 (Rabah Bar Simi): To avoid fights.
1. In a place where the Chazan is not paid, honor still
applies, but people would not fight to Over Lifnei
(i) (Mishnah): If he is a child, his father or Rebbe go in
1. Question: If the reason is fights - a child will not
2. Counter-question: Nor are we concerned to honor a
3. You must answer, we want to honor the father or
3) BLEMISHES WHICH DISQUALIFY A KOHEN FROM BIRKAS KOHANIM
4. Similarly, we can say, we are concerned that his
father or Rebbe will fight!
(j) Question (Ula Bar Rav): May a child with torn clothing
read the Torah?
(k) (Abaye): Why don't you ask about an unclothed person?
1. Clearly, this is a disgrace to the congregation. The
same applies to a child with torn clothing!
(l) (Mishnah): R. Yehuda says, one who has never seen the
luminaries may not Pores Al Shma.
1. (Beraisa): They said to R. Yehuda, many were able to
expound on the (Heavenly) chariot, even though they
never saw it!
2. R. Yehuda: That depends on understanding; but to
bless on the luminaries, one must derive benefit
3. Chachamim hold as R. Yosi - a blind person benefits
from light, since it enables other people to warn
him about pitfalls.
(a) (Mishnah): A Kohen who has blemishes on his hands may not
Duchan. R. Yehuda says, even if his hands are dyed,
because people look at him.
4) PEOPLE SUSPECTED OF HERESY
(b) (Gemara - Beraisa): Blemishes on hands, feet and face
disqualify a Kohen from blessing.
(c) (R. Yehoshua Ben Levi and Beraisa): One whose hands have
white patches may not bless.
(d) (Beraisa): One whose hands are bent or twisted may not
(e) (Rav Asi): One who cannot pronounce the letters correctly
may not bless.
(f) (Beraisa): People that cannot say the letters properly
may not Over Lifnei ha'Teivah.
1. R. Chiya told R. Shimon Bar Rebbe: If you were a
Levi, your deep voice would disqualify you.
(g) Rav Huna: One whose eyes drip tears may not bless.
1. Question: Such a person did bless in Rav Huna's
(h) Answer: People were used to him. A Beraisa explicitly
says that in such a case, he may bless.
(i) (R. Yochanan): Someone blind in one eye may not bless.
1. Question: Such a person did bless in R. Yochanan's
(j) Answer: People were used to him. A Beraisa explicitly
says that in such a case, he may bless.
(k) (Beraisa): R. Yehuda admits, if most people in the city
work with dye, dyed hands do not disqualify a Kohen from
(a) (Mishnah): One who says that he will not Over Lifnei
ha'Teivah in colored clothing or sandals may not Over
Lifnei ha'Teivah, even if he changes clothing or removes
(b) One who wears round Tefilin is not Yotzai, and he
endangers himself. Wearing it on his forehead, or the
palm of his hand is the way of heretics. To cover it with
gold and put it on the sleeve is the way of outsiders.
(c) (Gemara - Question): Why may he not be Chazan?
(d) Answer: We are concerned that he is a heretic.
(e) (Mishnah): One is not Yotzai with round Tefilin.
(f) Suggestion: The Mishnah teaches as a Beraisa which says
that a tradition from Sinai requires that Tefilin be
1. (Rava): One must preserve the squareness when sewing
them; the diagonal must be l 2/5 times the side.
(g) Rejection (Rav Papa): There is no proof - the Mishnah
could be a case where they are egg-shaped.