POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Megilah 21
MEGILAH 21-24 (3rd-6th days of Sukos 5760) - sponsored by Harav Ari Bergmann
of Lawrence, N.Y., out of love for Torah and those who study it.
1) DAYTIME AND NIGHTTIME MITZVAHS
(a) Beheading the calf is Kosher all day - (d'Vei R. Yanai):
We learn this from sacrifices, since both are called
**** Perek ha'Korei Es ha'Megilah ****
(b) Purification of a leper - "On the day of his
(c) (Mishnah): The whole night is Kosher for reaping the Omer
- we count and reap at night; we bring it by day.
(d) Burning fats and limbs - "The whole night until the
(e) (Mishnah): This is the rule: a daytime Mitzvah - this
comes to include arranging and removing the pans of the
Lechem ha'Panim, which may be done all day; this is like
1. (Beraisa - R. Yosi): Even if the old bread was
removed in the morning, and the new bread was not
arranged until close to evening, it is not a
(f) (Mishnah): Every nighttime Mitzvah - this comes to
include eating the Pascal sacrifice, unlike R. Elazar Ben
2. As long as the Table is not empty overnight, it is
considered "always" set.
1. (Beraisa -R. Elazar Ben Azaryah): A Gezerah Shaveh
"On that night - On that night" teaches that the
Pascal sacrifice may only be eaten until midnight.
2) STANDING FOR READING THE MEGILAH/TORAH
(a) (Mishnah): One may read the Megilah standing or sitting;
(b) Whether 1 or 2 read it, one is Yotzai;
(c) One blesses on it only where that is the custom;
(d) The number of people called to read from the Torah is as
(e) Monday, Thursday, and Shabbos afternoon - exactly 3, no
(f) Rosh Chodesh, Chol ha'Moed - exactly 4, no Haftorah; the
one who reads first and last blesses before and after;
(g) Yom Tov - at least 5, and a Haftorah;
(h) Yom Kipur - at least 6, and a Haftorah;
(i) Shabbos - at least 7, and a Haftorah; the one who reads
first and last blesses before and after.
(j) (Gemara - Beraisa): But the Torah is only read standing!
(k) (R. Avahu): "Stand here with me" - had the Torah not
written it, we could not say it - it was as if Hashem was
standing with Moshe. From here we learn, the Rebbe should
not sit on a bed and teach students sitting on the
(l) (Beraisa): From the days of Moshe until R. Gamliel, Torah
was learned standing; after R. Gamliel died, weakness
came to the world, and people learned sitting.
1. (Mishnah): The honor of Torah ceased with the death
of R. Gamliel.
(m) Question: It says, "I sat on the mountain"; and it says,
"I stood on the mountain"!
1. Answer#1 (Rav): Moshe learned standing, and reviewed
his learning sitting.
2. Answer#2 (R. Chanina): He neither sat nor stood - he
was bent over.
3. Answer#3 (R. Yochanan): "Eishev" means 'I delayed',
it does not mean that he sat.
4. Answer#4 (Rava): Soft matters he learned standing,
harsh matters, sitting.
3) READING SIMULTANEOUSLY
(a) (Beraisa): One person reads the Torah, and one
translates. One person reads from the prophets, and 2 may
4) THE READING ON ROSH CHODESH
(b) 10 people may read Hallel or the Megilah at the same
1. Question: Why are they different?
(c) (Mishnah): Where the custom is to bless, one blesses.
2. Answer: Since they are dear to people, they put
their minds to it and can hear.
(d) (Abaye): this refers to the blessing after reading;
before, it is a Mitzvah to bless.
1. (Rav Yehuda): On all Mitzvahs, one blesses before
(e) Question: What blessings are made?
(f) Answer: Rav Sheshes blessed 'Mem-Nun-Ches' (Al Mikra
Megilah, she'Asah Nisim, she'Hecheyanu) before reading.
(g) After reading, we bless "Who wages our conflict, judges
our case, takes our vengeance, .... and repays all our
enemies, Baruch Ata Hashem, who pays up Yisrael from all
(h) (Rava): We end, 'The Power that Saves'.
(i) (Rav Papa): We do not favor one over the other; we say
(j) (Mishnah): On Monday, Thursday and Shabbos afternoon 3
(k) Question: What do these 3 correspond to?
(l) Answer#1 (Rava): Kohanim, Leviyim and Yisraelim.
(m) Question: Rav Simi taught, we do not read less than 10
verses - to what do they correspond?
(n) Answer#1 (R. Yehoshua Ben Levi): To 10 Batlanim (people
that do not work and are always in Shul).
(o) Answer#2 (Rav Yosef): To the 10 utterances..
(p) Answer#3 (R. Levi): To the 10 Hilulin (praises) in
(q) Answer#4 (R. Yochanan): To the 10 sayings of creation.
1. Question: It only says "And Hashem said" 9 times!
(r) (Rava): Whichever of the 3 reads 4 verses is
2. Answer: "b'Reishis" is also a saying.
1. We see a preference for the first by the 3 boxes of
coins used to buy public sacrifices.
(s) (Mishnah): We may not detract nor increase from the
number of people that read.
2. (R. Yochanan): We see a preference for the middle by
the branches of the Menorah, which all pointed to
the middle branch.
3. There is a preference for the last because we rise
in holiness, and do not descend.
4. Rav Papa praised one who was first and read 4
(t) (Beraisa): The first person blesses before reading, the
last person, after reading.
(u) Today, everyone blesses before and after - we are afraid,
lest a person enter or leave in the middle, and he will
think that we do not bless before or after.
(a) (Mishnah): On Rosh Chodesh and Chol ha'Moed 4 people
(b) Question (Ula Bar Rav): How do we split the reading for
Rosh Chodesh among the 4?
1. The first 8 verses are a Parsha (a segment of the
Torah delineated by spaces).
2. We cannot have the first 2 people each read 3 verses
- this would leave 2 verses in the Parsha, and we do
not do this!
3. If each will read 4 - how will the last 2 read the
last 7 verses?
i. The last 7 verses consist of a Parsha of 2
verses, and one of 5.
ii. The first (of the last 2) cannot read the
Parsha of 2 and 1 verse from the next - we do
not begin less than 3 verses of a Parsha!