POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous daf Megilah 20
1) ONE WHO DID NOT HEAR WHAT HE READ
(a) Answer: Really, R. Yehuda permits L'chatchilah - but his
teacher only permits B'diavad.
2) DAYTIME MITZVAHS
1. (Beraisa - R. Yehuda in the name of R. Eliezer Ben
Azaryah): One must read Krias Shma audibly to his
ears, as it says, "Shma" - Mashmia (make heard);
(b) (Mishnah): R. Yehuda permits a child.
2. R. Meir: "On your heart" - intention of the heart is
3. We may now defend the objector - R. Yehuda holds as
his teacher (one is Yotzai B'diavad); R. Yehuda Brei
d'R. Shimon Ben Pazi holds as R. Meir, he may read
(c) (Beraisa - R. Yehuda): When I was a child, I read in
front of R. Tarfon and other Sages!
(d) Chachamim: We may not bring a proof from what one
remembers when he was a child.
(e) (Beraisa - Rebbi): As a child, I read in front of R.
(f) Chachamim: This is no proof, he is the lenient opinion!
1. Question: Why didn't they respond, we cannot bring a
proof from childhood?
2. Answer: A 2nd rebuttal was given - they rejected his
proof for both reasons.
(a) (Mishnah): The reading of the Megilah, circumcision,
immersion, sprinkling (water sanctified by ashes of a red
heifer), also the immersion of a Shomeres Yom k'Neged Yom
should only be done after sunrise. If any of these was
done after dawn, it is Kosher.
(b) (Gemara - Question): What is the source?
(c) Answer: "These days ...".
(d) Suggestion: Our Mishnah refutes R. Yehoshua Ben Levi, who
said that we must read the Megilah at night as well!
(e) Answer: No, the Mishnah gives the law of the day reading.
(f) We learn that circumcision is by day from "On the 8th
(g) We learn sprinkling from "On the 7th day"; immersion is
equated to sprinkling.
(h) Question: Why was it necessary to teach Shomeres Yom
k'Neged Yom (a woman who saw blood before she is fitting
to see menstrual blood) separately from others that
(i) Answer: We would have thought it is like the first
sighting of a Zav (a man who saw seminal emissions),
which is compared to a Ba'al Keri (a man who had one
1. They may immerse by day. A Shomeres Yom k'Neged Yom
cannot, since it says, "All the days of her flow,
she will be as a Nidah".
2. If not taught separately, we would think that she
could guard (in purity) the start of the coming
night and immerse at night.
3) MITZVAHS WHICH MAY BE DONE ALL DAY OR ALL NIGHT
3. Since she must count (a clean day), and counting may
only be done by day, she cannot immerse until day.
(j) (Mishnah): If any of these was done after dawn, it is
(k) Opinion#1(Rava): We learn this from "Hashem called l'Or
day - from when Me'ir (it is light).
(l) Question: If so, we should similarly learn that night
begins when it starts to get dark - but we hold, night
begins when the stars come out!
(m) Opinion#2 (R. Zeira): We learn from "We work ... from
dawn until the stars come out"; also "We watched at
night, and worked by day".
(n) Question: Why is the 2nd verse needed?
(o) Answer: We might have thought, they were working extra,
even before the start of day.
(a) (Mishnah): The following may be done any time during the
day: Reading the Megilah; reciting Hallel; blowing the
shofar; taking the lulav; the Musaf prayer;
(b) The following sacrificial rituals: Musaf; confession
over the bull; confession over Maaser; confession of Yom
Kipur; Semichah (pressing on the animal's neck);
slaughtering; waving; Hagashah (bringing close to the
altar); Kemitzah (taking a handful); burning; Melikah
(killing a bird by pinching its neck); receiving (the
blood); sprinkling (blood); giving a Sotah (a woman
suspected of adultery) to drink; beheading a calf (to
atone for a murder); purification of a leper.
(c) The entire night is Kosher for: reaping the Omer and
burning fats and limbs.
(d) Any daytime Mitzvah is Kosher all day; a nighttime
Mitzvah is Kosher all night.
(e) (Gemara): We learn that the Megilah is read by day from
"These days are remembered".
(f) Hallel is learned from "From the east (rising) of the sun
until its setting".
1. Rav Yosef says from "This is the day that Hashem
(g) Taking the lulav - "You will take on the 1st day".
(h) Blowing the shofar - "A day of blowing".
(i) Musaf sacrifices - "The matter of each day on its day";
Chazal made the Musaf prayer like the sacrifice.
(j) Confession over a bull - is learned from a Gezerah Shaveh
to atonement of Yom Kipur.
1. We learn atonement of Yom Kipur from "On this day to
atone for you".
(k) Confession of Maaser - "This day Hashem commands you".
(l) Semichah - is equated to slaughtering; slaughtering is
learned from "On the day of your slaughtering".
(m) Waving - "On the day of your waving".
(n) Hagashah - Is equated to waving.
(o) Melikah, Kemitzah, burning and sprinkling are all learned
from "On the day he commanded the sons of Aharon".
(p) Giving a Sotah to drink - is learned from a Gezerah
Shaveh to judgment.