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Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld

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Megilah 14

MEGILAH 14 (Yom Kipur 5760) - Dedicated by Dovid and Zahava Rubner of Petach Tikva. May Hashem grant them and all of their offspring with joy, fulfillment, and all that they need!


(a) (R. Aba): Haman and Achashverosh resemble two men, one with a mound in his field, the other with a ditch.
1. The man with the ditch said, who would sell me this mound?
2. The man with the mound said, who would sell me this ditch? In time, they met. The ditch owner said: Sell me your mound.
3. Mound owner: If only you should take it for free!
(b) "The king took off his ring" (R. Aba Bar Kahana): The removal of the ring was greater than 48 male and 7 female prophets that prophesized to Yisrael, since all of them did not return us in Teshuvah, whereas the removal of the ring returned us in Teshuvah.
(c) (Beraisa): 48 male and 7 female prophets prophesized to Yisrael, and they did not detract nor add to the Torah, except for reading the Megilah.
(d) Question: What was their source?
(e) Answer (R. Chiya Bar Avin): If we sing Shira for going from slavery to freedom, all the more so for going from death to life!
(f) Question: If so, we should also say Hallel!
(g) Answer#1: We do not say Hallel on a miracle in Chutz la'Aretz.
1. Question: The exodus from Egypt was in Chutz la'Aretz, and we say Shira!
2. Answer (Beraisa): Before we entered Eretz Yisrael, all lands were fit to say Shira; after we entered Eretz Yisrael, they were disqualified from saying Shira.
(h) Answer#2 (Rav Nachman): Reading the Megilah is like Hallel.
(i) Answer#3 (Rava): By the exodus, we became "Slaves of Hashem" and not slaves of Paro; here, can we say we became "Slaves of Hashem" and not slaves of Achashverosh? We remained his slaves!
(j) Question: The Beraisa opposes both Rava and Rav Nachman - after we entered Eretz Yisrael, other lands were disqualified from saying Shira!
(k) Answer: Once we were exiled, they became Kosher again to say Shira.
(a) Question: Are there no more? It says, "There was a man from Ramasayim Tzufim" - one of 200 prophets who prophesized to Yisrael!
(b) Answer: There were more as was taught in a Beraisa: Many prophets stood up for Yisrael, 1.2 million; a prophecy which was needed for generations was written, one which was not needed for future generations was not written.
(c) (R. Shmuel Bar Nachmani): He came from two *Ramos* (hills) which *Tzofos* (see) each other.
(d) (R. Chanin): A man that came from people that stand at the height of the world - the sons of Korach, as it says, "The sons of Korach did not die."
(e) (Beraisa - Rebbi): A place was made for them in Gehenom, and they stood upon it.
(a) Sarah, as it says "The father of Milkah and Yiskah".
1. (R. Yitzchak): This is Sarah; she is called Yiskah, because *Saksah* (she saw) with Ruach haKodesh, as it says, "Everything which Sarah will say to you, listen to her voice".
2. Another explanation: She is called Yiskah, because all *Sochin* (look at) her beauty.
(b) Miryam, as it says "And took Miryam the prophetess, the sister of Aharon".
1. Question: Is she the sister of Aharon, and not the sister of Moshe?
2. Answer (Rav): She prophesized when she was the sister of Aharon, and said, my mother will have a child that will save Yisrael.
3. When he was born the house filled with light; her father kissed her on her head, and said, my daughter, your prophecy has been fulfilled!
4. When Moshe was thrown in the river, her father hit her on the head, and said to her, my daughter, where is your prophecy?
5. This explains, "And his sister stood from afar, to know" - to know, what will be the end of her prophecy.
(c) Devorah, as it says "And Devorah, a female prophet, the wife of Lapidos".
1. *Lapidos* - he used to make *Pesilos* (wicks) for the Mikdash.
2. Question: "And she sits under the palm tree" - what is special about a palm tree?
3. Answer (R. Shimon Ben Avshalom): So she should not be in seclusion with a man; alternatively, just as a palm tree has only one *Lev* (spine), so Yisrael in that generation had only one *Lev* (heart) to their father in Heaven.
(d) Chanah, as it says, "And Chanah prayed, and said 'My heart rejoices in Hashem, my horn is raised in Hashem'" - my horn is raised, but not my flask - Dovid and Shlomo, who were anointed with a horn, their kingship lasted; Shaul and Yehu, who were anointed with flasks, their kingships did not last.
1. "There is none as holy as Hashem, since there is none *Biltecha* (besides you)" (Rav Yehuda Bar Menashe): Read *Livalosecha* (that endures longer)
2. Hashem's way is unlike that of flesh and blood. Flesh and blood, their works outlive them, but Hashem outlives his works.
3. "There is no *Tzur* (rock) as our Lord" - there is no *tzayar* (artisan) as our Lord. A person draws a picture on a wall, and cannot put in it breath and a soul, innards and intestines; but Hashem draws a form within a form, and puts in it breath, a soul, innards and intestines.
(e) Avigayil, as it says "And she was riding on the donkey, and descended in the hidden part of the mountain".
1. Question: It should say, from the mountain!
2. Answer (Raba Bar Shmuel): On matters of blood, which comes from the hidden (internal) places.
3. She showed blood to him. Dovid: Do we inspect blood at night?
4. Avigayil: Do we judge capital cases (to kill Naval) at night?

5. Dovid: He is a rebel against the king and need not be judged (at night).
6. Avigayil: Shaul is still alive, and you are not known as the king.
7. Dovid: "Blessed is your reasoning, and blessed are you, that you spared me today from coming in bloods" - 2 bloods are implied.
8. She revealed her thigh, and Dovid went 3 Parsa in its light.
9. Dovid: Hear me (consent to have relations).
10. Avigayil: "*This* should not be a pitfall for you" - implying, there will be a pitfall - Bas Sheva, and so it was.
11. "The soul of my master will be bound in the bind of life". When she left him, she said "Hashem will do good to my master, and you will remember your servant".
12. (Rav Nachman): This is as people say, as a woman talks, she weaves. Some say, a goose walks lowly, but its eyes look far ahead.
(f) Chuldah, as it says, "And Chilkiyah the Kohen went, and Achikam and Achbor ..."
1. Question: How could she prophecize in Yirmiyahu's region?
2. Answer (Rav): She was his relative, and he did not mind.
3. Question: Yoshiyah himself, how did he abandon Yirmiyahu and send to her?
4. Answer#1 (R. Shilo): Because women are merciful.
5. Answer#2 (R. Yochanan): Yirmiyahu was not there, he had gone to return the 10 tribes.
6. Question: How do we know that they returned?
7. Answer#1: It says, "The seller will not return to what he sells." Can it be, the Yovel is void, and the prophet prophesizes that it will become void?! It must be, Yirmiyahu returned them.
i. Yoshiyahu Ben Amon ruled over them, as it says, "And he said, what is this marker that I see? The people of the city said to him, the grave of the Divine man that came from Yehudah, and said these things that you did on the altar in Beis Kel.
ii. What is Yoshiyahu doing on the altar in Beis Kel? Rather, it teaches that Yoshiyahu ruled over them.
8. Answer#2 (Rav Nachman): "Also Yehudah put a harvest for you, in my returning the exile of my people.
(g) Ester, as it says, "And on the 3rd day, Ester donned royalty".
1. Question: It should say, royal clothing!
2. Answer: Rather, Ruach ha'Kodesh clothed her; it says here, "she donned"; it says there, "A spirit clothed Amasai".
(h) Rav Nachman: haughtiness is not fitting for women. There were 2 haughty women, and their names are loathed. One's name is a bee; one is a weasel.
1. Bee (Devorah), it says of her, "And she sent and called to Barak" - she herself did not go to him.
2. Weasel (Chuldah), it says of her, "Say to the man" - she didn't say, "say to the king".
(i) Rav Nachman: Chuldah descended from Yehoshua.
1. It says here (by Chuldah), "The son of Charchas"; there (by Yehoshua) it says "In Timnas Charas".
(j) Question (Rav Eina Sava): A Beraisa teaches, 8 prophets who were Kohanim descended from Rachav the harlot - Neriyah, Baruch, Serayah, Machsiyah, Yirmiyahu, Chilkiyah, Chanamel and Shalom;
1. R. Yehuda says, also Chuldah - it says (by her), "A son of Tikvah"; it says (by Rachav) "Tikvas (A thread) of scarlet". (So she did not come from Yehoshua!)
(k) Answer (Rav Nachman): Between us, we will conclude the teaching; she converted, and Yehoshua married her.
1. Question: Did Yehoshua really have children? It says, "Nun his son, Yehoshua his son"(but no further)!
2. Answer: He had no sons, but he had daughters.
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