POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Megilah 9
MEGILAH 6-10 sponsored by a generous grant from an anonymous donor. Kollel Iyun Hadaf is indebted to him for his encouragement and support and prays that Hashem will repay him in kind.
1) LANGUAGES IN WHICH SEFORIM, TEFILIN AND MEZUZAS MAY BE WRITTEN
(a) Answer (Rava): The Mishnah only allowed writing in other
languages with Ashuris letters.
2) THE TRANSLATION OF THE 70
(b) Question (Abaye): If so, why did the Mishnah mention
Mikra that was written Targum, or vice versa?
1. Even Mikra written Mikra (or Targum written Targum)
does not contaminate hands unless it is written
(c) Answer#2 (Abaye): The Beraisa is like R. Shimon Ben
1. Question: If so, the Beraisa should also permit
(d) Answer#3: The Beraisa is talking about Megilas Esther.
2. Answer: The Beraisa is only talking about Tefilin
i. Tefilin and Mezuzas must be in Hebrew, because
the verse says "they (the words) will be" - as
3. Question: The Beraisa mentioned Targum - where do we
4. We do find Targum in the Torah - "Yagar Sahadusa".
5. We do not find Targum in Tefilin and Mezuzas!
1. The Megilah must be in Hebrew, with Ashuris letters,
from the verse "as their writing and as their
(e) Answer#4 (to the contradiction on the end of Daf 8B) (Rav
Ashi): The Beraisa deals with other Seforim, and is like
2. Question: What Targum is there in the Megilah?
3. Answer (Rav Papa): "Was heard *Pisgam* of the king".
4. Answer#2 (Rav Nachman Bar Yitzchak): "All women will
give *yekar* to their husbands".
1. (Beraisa): Tefilin and Mezuzas may only be written
Ashuris; our Rabbis permitted Yevanis.
2. (We interrupt with a question): But the verse says
"They will be" (as they are, in Hebrew)!
3. Amend the Beraisa to say, Seforim may be written in
any language, and our Rabbis permitted Yevanis.
4. (We interrupt with a question): This implies that
the first tanna prohibits Yevanis!
5. Amend the Beraisa to say, our Rabbis only permitted
(a) (Beraisa): King Tolmei gathered 72 sages and put them in
72 houses, without telling them why.
(b) He individually asked each to translate the Torah into
(c) The sages saw a need to make several changes; Hashem made
a miracle, and they all made the following changes.
1. "Elokim created in the beginning".
2. "*I* will make man in an image and form".
3. He finished (creating) on the *6th* day", and rested
on the 7th.
4. "Male and female he created *him*".
5. "*I* will descend and confuse their language".
6. "Sara laughed *amidst her relatives*"
7. "In their anger they killed an ox and uprooted a
8. "Moshe put his wife and children on the *people
9. "Bnei Yisrael were in Egypt "and other lands" 400
10. "He sent the *dignitaries* of Bnei Yisrael" (to
receive the Divine presence).
11. "To the *dignitaries* of Bnei Yisrael he did not
stretch his hand.
3) SEFORIM MAY BE WRITTEN IN YEVANIS
12. "Not one *desired item* of theirs did I take".
13. "That Hashem apportioned *to illuminate * to the
14. "And he will serve other gods that I did not
command *to serve them*".
15. "The *small-footed animal*" (since Tolmei's wife
was named Arneves, he would have thought that we
were mocking him had they not changed it).
(a) (R. Avahu): The law is like R. Shimon Ben Gamliel.
4) LAWS OF KOHEN GADOLS
(b) (R. Yochanan): He learns from the verse "Hashem will
beautify Yefes, and dwell in the tents of Shem".
1. The matters (Greek language) of Yefes will be in the
tents of Shem.
2. Question: Say that this refers to Gomer and Magog
(other children of Yefes)!
3. Answer (R. Chiya Bar Avin - verse): "Yaft" - the
most beautiful of Yefes.
(a) Mishnah: The only difference between a Kohen Gadol
anointed with the anointing oil, and Merubah Begadim (one
who is only consecrated by wearing the additional
garments), is the bull brought to atone for a sin.
5) PUBLIC AND PRIVATE ALTARS
(b) Mishnah: The only difference between a serving Kohen
Gadol, and one who (once substituted and has) passed
(from serving as Kohen Gadol), is the bull of Yom Kipur
and Asiris Ha'eifah (the Kohen Gadol's daily Mincha
(c) Gemara: We infer that a Merubah Begadim has the same law
regarding the bull of Yom Kipur and Asiris Ha'eifa.
(d) Our Mishnah is not like R. Meir.
1. (Beraisa): R. Meir says that a Merubah Begadim
brings a bull to atone for a sin; Chachamim say, he
2. R. Meir learns as in this Beraisa: "*Ha*-mashiach"
teaches that even a Merubah Begadim brings a bull
for a sin.
3. Question: We cannot say that the Mishnah is unlike
i. The Saifa says that a Kohen Gadol that passed
4. (Culmination of the question): Can the Raisha be
unlike R. Meir, and the Saifa is like R. Meir?!
ii. (Beraisa): R. Meir says, if there was a need to
substitute for the Kohen Gadol, the first Kohen
Gadol resumes service when he is fit, and the
substitute has all laws of a Kohen Gadol:
iii. R. Yosi says that the substitute cannot serve,
not even as a regular Kohen!
iv. It once happened that R. Yosef Ben Ulam of
Tzipori substituted for a Kohen Gadol who
v. The Sages said that he cannot serve as a Kohen
Gadol because it will breed resentment; he
cannot serve as a regular Kohen, since we may
rise in holiness, but may not descend.
5. Answer (Rav Chisda): Yes!
6. Answer#2 (Rav Yosef): Rebbi is the author; regarding
a Kohen that passed, he holds like R. Meir, but not
regarding Merubah Begadim.
(a) Mishnah: The only difference between a large (public)
Bamah and a small (private) one is Korban Pesach.
(b) The rule is: anything a person volunteers to bring may be
offered on a Bamah; what may not be volunteered may not
be brought on a Bamah.
(c) Gemara - Question: Is Korban Pesach the only difference?!
(The daily offering was brought on a public Bamah; the
Saifa shows that it may not be brought on a private
(d) Answer: The Mishnah means, only things like Korban Pesach
(obligatory offerings with a fixed time).
(e) Our Mishnah is R. Shimon.
1. (Beraisa): R. Shimon says, Even the congregation
only offered Pesach and obligations of a fixed time;
obligations of not a fixed time may not be brought
even on a public Bamah.
(f) Mishnah: The only difference between Shilo and
Yerushalayim is that in Shilo, we eat minor Kadshim and
Maaser Shani anywhere within sight; in Yerushalayim, we
may only eat within the wall.
(g) In both places, Kadshei Kadashim are eaten within the