POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Megilah 7
MEGILAH 6-10 sponsored by a generous grant from an anonymous donor. Kollel Iyun Hadaf is indebted to him for his encouragement and support and prays that Hashem will repay him in kind.
1) TWO VERSES ARE NEEDED TO SHOW THAT WE READ IN ADAR 2
(a) If we only had the verse "In every year and year", I
might think that we always read in the month next to
2) FIXING MEGILAS ESTHER AS PART OF KESUVIM
(b) If we only had the verse "Hashenis", I would think that
this only applied in the 1st 2 years.
1. R. Eliezer Bar R. Yosi uses the verse "Hashenis" as
Rav Shmuel Bar Yehuda.
2. (Rav Shmuel Bar Yehuda): At first, Purim was fixed
in Shushan; later, in the whole world.
(a) (Rav Shmuel Bar Yehuda): Esther asked the Sages to fix
Purim as a Yom Tov.
3) GIFTS TO THE POOR AND PORTIONS TO A FRIEND
1. They replied, this will arouse the jealousy of the
(b) Whenever Rav, Rav Chanina, R. Yochanan, and R. Chaviva
are taught together in Seder Moed, R. Yonason should be
in place of R. Yochanan.
2. Esther: This is not a concern, since the story is
already part of the Persian/Median chronicles.
(c) Esther asked the Sages to make Megilas Esther part of
(d) The Sages answered (verse): "I have written (of the war
with Amalek) 3 times (in Shmos, Devarim and Shmuel), it
should not be written a 4th time!"
(e) Later, they reconsidered because they found another
verse: "Write this as a remembrance in a Safer"
1. "Write this" - the war against Amalek recorded in
Shmos and Devarim counts as one time.
(f) R. Eliezer ha'Moda'i learns this way in a Beraisa; R.
Yehoshua learns as the initial response of the Sages.
2. "A remembrance" - what is recorded in Shmuel.
3. "In a Safer" - Megilas Esther.
(g) (Rav Yehuda citing Shmuel): If one touches a Megilah, his
hands do not become impure (as they do by other Holy
1. This implies that Shmuel holds that Megilas Esther
was not written with Ruach Hakodesh.
(h) Question (Beraisa): R. Meir says that (Bais Hillel and
Bais Shamai agree that) Koheles does not make hands
impure; they argue by Shir Hashirim;
2. Question: But Shmuel said that it was said with
3. Answer: It was said with Ruach Hakodesh (Divine
inspiration) to be read, but not to be written.
1. R. Yosi says that Shir Hashirim makes hands impure,
they argue by Koheles;
(i) Answer: Shmuel holds like R. Yehoshua (above, (f), that
Megilas Esther should not have been written).
2. R. Shimon says that Koheles is an instance where
Bais Shamai are more lenient than Bais Hillel (they
say that it does not make hands impure), but Rus,
Shir Hashirim and Megilas Esther all make the hands
(j) (Beraisa): R. Shimon Ben Menasya says that Koheles does
not make hands impure, because it is merely the wisdom of
1. Chachamim say to him: Was this all his wisdom?
(verse) - "Shlomo spoke 3000 parables" (so we may
assume, he only wrote those said with Ruach
Hakodesh); another verse says, "Do not add to his
words" (i.e. Hashem's words; only write what was
given with Ruach Hakodesh).
(k) (Beraisa): R. Eliezer says that Megilas Esther was
written with Ruach Hakodesh; we know this from the verse,
"Haman said in his heart".
2. Question: Why did Chachamim need to bring a 2nd
3. Answer: We might have thought that his parables were
not from Hashem, and he may write whichever he
1. R. Akiva says that we learn this from the verse
"Esther bore grace in the eyes of all that saw her".
(l) (Shmuel): Better than all these sources is "they
fulfilled and accepted" - they fulfilled in Heaven what
they accepted below.
2. R. Meir learns from "The matter became known to
3. R. Yosi Ben Dormaskis learns from "They did not
stretch their hands on the spoils".
(m) (Rava): We may dispel all the proofs, except for that of
1. (R. Eliezer's proof): Haman reasoned that he is most
important to the king; since he said to give so much
honor, we see that he thought that the king wanted
to honor him.
(n) (Ravina): This is as people say, one sharp pepper is
better than a full vessel of gourds. (Shmuel's source,
which cannot be rejected).
2. (R. Akiva's proof): Perhaps, as R. Elazar said, that
Esther appeared to each person as if she was from
3. (R. Meir's): As R. Chiya Bar Aba said, Bigsan and
Teresh were Tarsiyim (and Mordechai understood their
4. (R. Yosi Ban Dormaskis'): Perhaps they sent a
(o) (Rav Yosef): We may bring a proof from "These days of
Purim will not pass from the Jews".
(p) (Rav Nachman Bar Yitzchak): We may prove it from "Their
memory will not pass from their seed".
(a) (Rav Yosef): One must give two portions (of food) to a
friend, and two gifts to two poor people.
(b) R. Yehuda Nesiah sent a leg of a 3rd-born calf and a
barrel of wine to R. Ushiya, who replied, "you have
fulfilled on us, our teacher, sending portions to one's
(c) Rabah made Abaye a messenger to give a bag of dates and
cup of flour to Mari Bar Mar.
4) LAWS OF THE PURIM MEAL
1. Abaye told Rabah: Mari will say, if a farmer will
become king (Rav of the city), he still carries his
basket on his neck.
(d) Mari made Abaye a messenger to give to Rabah a sack of
ginger and a cup of peppers.
1. Abaye told Mari: Rabah will say, I sent to him sweet
food, and he sends to me sharp food!
(e) Abaye Bar Avin and R. Chanina Bar Avin used to exchange
their meals (to fulfill sending portions to a friend).
2. (Abaye): When I left Rabah's house, I was satiated;
when I reached Mari's house, they served me 60 bowls
of 60 types of food, and I ate 60 pieces.
3. The last course was a pot roast; I wanted to eat the
4. This is as people say: "A poor person is famished
and does not know it"; or, "There is room to eat
(a) Rava: A person is obligated to become drunk on Purim
until he does not know to distinguish "cursed is Haman"
from "blessed is Mordechai".
5) DIFFERENCES BETWEEN SHABBOS, YOM TOV, AND YOM KIPUR
(b) Rabah and R. Zeira ate their Purim meal together; Rabah
got drunk and slaughtered R. Zeira; the next day, he
davened, and restored him to life.
1. The next year, Rabah invited R. Zeira to eat with
(c) (Rava): One who eats the Purim meal at night did not
fulfill the mitzva - the verse says "*days* of festive
meals and Simcha".
2. R. Zeira declined; "miracles do not always happen".
1. Rav Ashi was by Rav Kahana; he asked why the
students were not coming to learn.
2. Rav Kahana: "Perhaps they are busy having the Purim
3. Rav Ashi: "They couldn't have had it at night?"
4. Rav Kahana: "You haven't heard Rava's law (c)?"
5. Rav Ashi learned the law 40 times, and was as secure
in it as if it was in his pocket.
(a) Mishnah: The only difference between Shabbos and Yom Tov
is preparation of food.
(b) Gemara: We infer, they are the same regarding Makshirim
(c) Our mishan is not like R. Yehuda.
(d) (Beraisa): Mishnah: The only difference between Shabbos
and Yom Tov is preparation of food; R, Yehuda permits
1. The first tanna learns from the verse, "it", and not
(e) Mishnah: Mishnah: The only difference between Shabbos and
Yom Hakipurim is that one who intentionally works on
Shabbos is punishable by man (stoning); on Yom Hakipurim,
2. R. Yehuda learns from "for you", for all your needs.
3. Question: What does the first tanna learn from "for
4. Answer: It teaches "and not for idolators; and not
5. Question: What does R. Yehuda learn from "it"?
6. Answer: It says, "it"; it also says, "for you".
Machshirim which may be done before Yom Tov are
forbidden, those which cannot be done before are
(f) Gemara: We infer, there is no difference regarding paying
for what one damaged through a Melachah.
(g) Our Mishnah is like R. Nechunya Ben Hakanah.
(h) (Beraisa): R. Nechunya Ben Hakanah treats Yom Hakipurim
as Shabbos regarding payment.
1. Just as one is liable to die for breaking Shabbos,
and exempt from payment, so too for Yom Hakipurim.
(i) (Mishnah): Anyone punishable by Kares who was lashed is
exempted from Kares.
1. R. Chananyah Ben Gamliel learns this from the verse
"And was lashed your brother in your eyes" - once
he is lashed, he is like your brother.
2. R. Yochanan: The other tannaim argue on R.
3. (Rava): We see this from our Mishnah - it cannot be
like R. Chaninah, for he holds that both are
punishable by man!
4. (Rav Nachman Bar Yitzchak): One may say that our
Mishnah is like R. Yitzchak, who says that there are
no lashes for sins with a punishment of Kares.
i. (Beraisa - R. Yitzchak): The Torah mentioned
Kares by the sin of incest with one's sister,
to teach that the punishment is Kares, and not
5. (Rav Ashi): Our Mishnah can be like Chachamim that
argue on R. Yitzchak - the Mishnah says that the
main punishment of Yom Kipur is Kares.