POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous daf Megilah 5
MEGILAH 2-5 (Elul 27-Rosh Hashanah 5760) - have been dedicated by Dr.
Jack and Sarah Dimenstein of Zurich Switzerland. May they be blessed
with a year of health and prosperity, physical and spiritual!
1) LAWS OF EARLY MEGILAH READING
(a) (Beraisa ) : Even when villagers read the Megilah early,
the festive meal is on the 14th.
2) EVENTS WHICH ARE NOT ADVANCED
(b) (Rav): When the Megilah is read in the proper time, it
may be read by an individual; it may be read early only
in a minyan.
(c) (Rav Asi argues): A minyan is always required.
1. A case occurred, and Rav acted stringently, as Rav
(d) (Mishnah): To be considered a city, 10 Batlanim are
required. If there are less, it has the law of a village.
2. Question: Did Rav really say that a minyan is not
required on the proper day?
3. (Rav Yehudah citing Rav): When Purim falls on
Shabbos, Friday is the time.
i. Question: If it falls on Shabbos, Shabbos is
4. Answer: No, we can explain Rav Yehudah citing Rav as
follows: we read on Friday, not as Rebbi who says
that we read on Thursday.
ii. Answer: We must explain Rav Yehudah citing Rav
thusly: reading the Megilah not in its time is
like reading it in its time - an individual may
read! (This is the crux of question 2.)
(e) The Megilah reading may be advanced but not delayed; the
following may be delayed but not advanced:
1. *Eitzei Kohanim* (when certain families would donate
wood for the altar).
(f) Even though the Megilah reading may be advanced, when it
is read early, there are no restrictions on eulogies or
fasts on the early day; one may fulfill the Mitzvah of
gifts to the poor on the early day.
2. Tisha b'Av.
3. *Chagigah* (A Shlamim sacrifice offered on each
4. *Hakhel* (reading the Torah in the presence of all
of Israel on the 2nd day of Sukkos).
(g) (R. Yehudah) In a place where villagers do not enter on
Monday and Thursday, the Megilah is only read on the
(h) (Beraisa ) The 10 Batlanim are people that are always in
1. Question: Why may we not read later?
(i) (R. Aba): The verse "months of the year" teaches that a
year is always composed of full months.
2. Answer (R. Aba): The verse says "not to pass over".
(j) (R. Aba): The verse "a month of days" teaches that a
month is always composed of full days.
(a) The Mishnah taught that we do not advance Tisha b'Av -
because we do not advance punishments.
3) MELACHAH ON PURIM
(b) Chagigah and Hakhel are not advanced because we cannot
fulfill a Mitzvah before its time has come.
(c) (Beraisa ): Chagigah and the entire time of Chagigah are
1. We understand that "Chagigah is delayed" when Yom
Tov falls on Shabbos, we bring it the next day.
2. Question: What is "the time of Chagigah"?
3. Answer (R. Ushiya): We understand the Beraisa
thusly: Chagigah on Shabbos, and Olas Re'iyah even
on Yom Tov are delayed.
4. This is like Beis Shamai.
i. (Mishnah): Beis Shamai say that we may bring
Shlamim on Yom Tov, but we may not do Smichah;
we may not bring Olah offerings:
5. Answer#2 (Rava): The Beraisa teaches that we may
delay the Chagigah the entire time of Chagigah, but
ii. Beis Hillel permit Olah offerings as well, and
i. This is like the Mishnah: One who did not bring
the Chagigah on the 1st day may bring it any
time during the festival, even the last day of
Yom Tov; after this, he has no obligation to
6. Answer#3 (Rav Ashi): Chagigah may be delayed its
entire time, even on Shavuous, which is only one
i. This is like the Mishnah: Beis Hillel agree to
Beis Shamai that when Shavuous falls on
Shabbos, the festival offerings are brought the
(a) (R. Eliezer): Rebbi planted a tree on Purim, openly
bathed on the 17th of Tamuz, and tried to uproot Tisha
b'Av, but the other Sages disagreed.
(b) (R. Aba argues): He only tried to uproot Tisha b'Av when
it fell on Shabbos and was already pushed off to the next
4) CRITERIA FOR BEING CONSIDERED A WALLED CITY.
1. (R. Eliezer - verse): "Two are better than one" -
you saved me from a mistake!
(c) Question: How could Rebbi plant on Purim?
1. (Rav Yosef): "Simcha" teaches that we may not
eulogize (on Purim); "Mishteh" teaches that we may
not fast; "Yom Tov" teaches that we may not do
(d) Answer: Rebbi celebrated Purim on the 14th, and planted
on the 15th.
1. Question: This cannot be - Rebbi lived in Teveryah,
which was surrounded by a wall from the time of
Yehoshua Bin Nun!
(e) Answer#2: Rebbi planted on the 14th, and celebrated Purim
on the 15th.
1. Question: Was Rebbi really sure that Teveryah was
surrounded by a wall from the time of Yehoshua Bin
Nun (and therefore he could plant on the 14th)?
(f) Answer#3 (Rabah): We can even say that Rebbi planted on
the day he celebrates - Israel never accepted to refrain
from work on Purim.
i. Chizkiyah read in Teveryah on both days, since
he was unsure if it had a wall from the days of
2. Answer: Chizkiyah was unsure, Rebbi was sure!
3. Question: Even if he was sure, work is forbidden!
i. (Megilas Ta'anis (a Beraisa which lists days of
celebration)): The 14th and 15th are days of
Purim on which we may not eulogize.
4. Answer: Rava's teaching only applies to eulogies and
fasting, not to Melachah.
ii. (Rava): (Since this was already known from
Megilas Esther,) Megilas Taanis must come to
teach that those who celebrate the 14th (15th)
are bound by the restrictions on the 15th
(14th) as well!
5. Question: This cannot be!
i. Rav cursed a man for planting flax on Purim,
and the flax didn't grow!
ii. Answer: There, the man planted on the day he
1. Support: The Megilah records that Mordecai wanted to
enact Yom Tov, but when it records our acceptance of
Purim, it omits this.
2. Question: If so, why did Rav curse the man?
3. Answer: In Rav's area, people had a custom not to
work (and one may not act leniently in front of
i. There was no such custom in Rebbi's area).
ii. Answer#2: Rebbi's area also had a custom not to
work, but Rebbi planted a tree of Simcha.
iii. (Mishnah): If the fasts (over lack of rain)
finished and we were not answered, we decrease
business, building, planting, engagements and
iv. (Beraisa ): Only building/planting of Simcha is
prohibited, such as a house in which to marry
off his son/a king's orchard. (And these are
permitted on Purim.)
(a) Chizkiyah was unsure if Teveryah had a wall from the time
1. Question: But the verse says that Chamas, Rekes and
Kineres were walled cities at that time!
(b) Rav Asi read the Megilah on both days in Hutzal; he did
not know if it was walled from the days of Yehoshua.
2. And we hold that Rekes is Teveryah!
3. Answer: One side of Teveryah is the sea; Chizkiyah
was unsure if this suffices.
4. Question: This certainly does not count as a wall!
i. (Beraisa ): "That has a wall" - to exclude a
row of houses which serves as a wall; "around"
- to exclude Teveryah, whose wall is the sea!
5. Answer: The Beraisa was taught regarding the law of
redeeming a house sold in a walled city; regarding
the Megilah, Chizkiyah was unsure.
i. Perhaps the distinction between open and walled
cities is whether they are exposed (and
Teveryah is exposed).
ii. Or, perhaps the distinction between open and
walled cities is whether they are protected
(and Teveryah is protected).
(c) A differing opinion cites Rav Asi as saying that Hutzal
had a wall from the days of Yehoshua.